Folio from a Qur'an Manuscript

Calligrapher: Ahmad ibn al-Suhrawardi al-Bakri (d. 1320–21)

Illuminator: Muhammad ibn Aibak ibn 'Abdallah

Object Name: Folio from a non-illustrated manuscript

Date: dated A.H. 707/ A.D. 1307–8

Geography: Attributed to Iraq, Baghdad

Culture: Islamic

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Dimensions: 20 3/16 x 14 1/2in. (51.3 x 36.8cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1955

Accession Number: 55.44


Ahmad ibn al-Suhrawardi, the most gifted pupil of the celebrated calligrapher Yaqut al-Musta'simi, teamed with the master illuminator Muhammad ibn Aybak to create one of the most splendid Qur'ans made for the Ilkhanid rulers. Now dispersed, this thirty-volume manuscript is known as the Anonymous Baghdad Qur'an, as the existing colophons do not reveal the name of the patron (it is, however, widely accepted that it was a royal commission). The page with three lines of superb muhaqqaq and kufic script in the illuminated cartouches reveals the names of the calligrapher, illuminator, date, and place of completion of the volume (Baghdad, 1308).