Giorgio Ghisi (Italian, Mantuan, ca. 15201582), after Francesco Primaticcio (Italian, Bolognese, 15041570)
Engraving; third state; sheet (trimmed to border line) 11 3/4 x 6 1/2 in. (29.8 x 16.5 cm)
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949 (49.95.161)
This engraving of the contest between Pan and Apollo is based on one of four frescoesthe other three represent groups of Musesthat surrounded a central depiction of Venus and the Fates on the vault of the Galerie d'Ulisse at Fontainebleau. Given the planetary symbolism of the ceiling, known today only through descriptions, prints, and drawings, it seems likely that the music making here is associated with the harmonies of the cosmos.