Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (Spanish, 1599–1660)
Oil on canvas
Overall 13 1/2 x 15 3/4 in. (34.3 x 40 cm); original painted surface 12 7/8 x 15 1/8 in. (32.7 x 38.4 cm)
The Jules Bache Collection, 1949 (49.7.43)
The daughter of Philip IV of Spain and Isabella of Bourbon, María Teresa became heir presumptive to the throne upon the death of her brother, Prince Baltasar Carlos, in 1646. The present portrait was painted by Velázquez between 1651 and 1654 and may have been employed by his workshop as a model for official portraits of the infanta. The picture was drastically cut down at some time in the past, judging from copies, one of which is in the Johnson Collection at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. María Teresa was originally shown to the waist, and her elaborate wig, adorned with silver fans, complemented a richly decorated dress.