Excavated at Ubaid Cemetery, Grave 134, Eridu, Mesopotamia
2 in. (5.08 cm)
Gift of Theodore M. Davis, by exchange, 1949 (49.133.3)
The most common type of vessel excavated from graves of the Late Ubaid period at the southern Mesopotamian site of Eridu was a shallow bowl, like this one. Typically a band of paint circles the outer rim, with occasional painted decorationoften of a crosshatched designalong the band. The central ground is left blank. On this example, the hatching takes the form of three evenly spaced lozenges, the sides of which are not straight and give the appearance of leaves swirling around the bowl. Toward the end of the Ubaid period in southern Mesopotamia, pottery was less skillfully painted but some of the grave pottery has simple but bold and very effective designs.