The Artist's Garden at St. Clair

Artist: Henri-Edmond Cross (Henri-Edmond Delacroix) (French, Douai 1856–1910 Saint-Clair)

Date: 1904–5

Medium: Watercolor

Dimensions: Sheet: 10 1/2 x 14 1/8 in. (26.6 x 35.8cm)

Classification: Drawings

Credit Line: Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1948

Accession Number: 48.10.7


The art of Henri-Edmond Cross belongs to the later years of Neo-Impressionism. It was not until he moved to Saint-Clair, a small hamlet on the Côte d'Azur near Saint-Tropez, that he turned to pure landscape painting in oil and watercolor, using a vivid palette of saturated colors. On the Mediterranean coast, Cross relaxed the rigorous optical arrangements of the Neo-Impressionist technique in favor of a style of painting using long, blocky brushmarks in decorative, mosaic-like patterns. Cross painted many radiant watercolors of his semi-tropical garden in Saint-Clair, where he and Paul Signac often entertained. Pierre Matisse, André Derain, and Albert Marquet, artists later associated with the Fauve movement, were frequent guests.