Artist: Lippo Memmi (Filippo di Memmo) (Italian, Sienese, active by 1317–died 1356)
Date: ca. 1350
Medium: Tempera on wood, gold ground
Dimensions: Overall, with shaped top and engaged (partially modern) frame, 26 1/4 x 13 in. (66.7 x 33 cm); painted surface 19 3/4 x 10 1/8 in. (50.2 x 25.7 cm); predella 1 1/2 x 10 in. (3.8 x 25.4 cm)
Credit Line: Maitland F. Griggs Collection, Bequest of Maitland F. Griggs, 1943
Accession Number: 43.98.6
This panel formed a diptych with a Crucifixion (Musée du Louvre, Paris). The Madonna and Child are flanked by diminutive figures of Saints John the Baptist and Francis of Assisi while the nine choirs of heavenly angels—as described by the fifth-century neo-platonic writer known as the Pseudo-Dionysius—ornament the pinnacle. Other saints are shown in an arcade. Lippo attains a refinement of execution equal to that of his famous brother-in-law Simone Martini. For information about the nine choirs of angels and an image of the Crucifixion, see metmuseum.org/collections.