Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Thomas coat of arms, ca. 1786
    Mary Ann Thomas (American, born 1772)
    Probably Mrs. Deborah Snow's School, Boston, Massachusetts
    Pattern drawn by John and Samuel Gore
    Silk and metallic thread on silk; 18 x 18 in. (45.72 x 45.72 cm)
    Inscribed: BY THE NAME OF THOMAS
    Rogers Fund, 1936 (36.28)

    This is a classic example of the type of heraldic needlework created in a number of Boston embroidery schools. While tent-stitch embroidered coats of arms were popular until about 1740, after the middle of the century the typical embroidered coat of arms was stitched in silk and metallic thread on a black silk background. Designs for coats of arms were found in a variety of source books available in Boston, one of the most popular being John Guillim's Display of Heraldry (6th ed. 1724). The fashion for decorating homes with coats of arms became so widespread that Boston was able to support several artists specializing in heraldic painting. These painters owned heraldry books, which schoolgirls consulted. After the girl had chosen an appropriate coat of arms, the artist would draw the design on silk for her to stitch.

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  • Thomas coat of arms, ca. 1786
    Mary Ann Thomas (American, born 1772)
    Probably Mrs. Deborah Snow's School, Boston, Massachusetts
    Pattern drawn by John and Samuel Gore
    Silk and metallic thread on silk; 18 x 18 in. (45.72 x 45.72 cm)
    Inscribed: BY THE NAME OF THOMAS
    Rogers Fund, 1936 (36.28)

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