Richard Thomas III

Artist: James Peale (American, Chestertown, Maryland 1749–1831 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Date: 1796

Medium: Watercolor on ivory

Dimensions: Sight: 2 1/4 x 1 7/8 in. (7.3 x 5.9 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Maria DeWitt Jesup Fund, 1931

Accession Number: 31.118


The youngest brother of Charles Willson Peale learned how to paint in oil and watercolor at his brother's side. For a time, they worked in such close collaboration that it is difficult to distinguish their separate hands. In 1786, they divided the business: James would paint miniatures and Charles the oil portraits, an arrangement that did not prohibit either artist from executing works in the other's medium. James's extraordinary skill as a miniaturist, however, kept him constantly employed. He painted Colonel Richard Thomas (1744–1832) in 1796, when this gentlemen of the distinguished West Chester, Pennsylvania, family was a state senator and a member of the fifth Congress.