Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Land of Cockaigne, after 1570(?)
    Attributed to Pieter van der Heyden after PPieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish, ca. 1525–1569)
    Engraving; first state of two; 8 1/4 x 10 7/8 in. (20.8 x 27.6 cm)
    Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1926 (26.72.44)

    The Land of Cockaigne, known in Dutch literature as Luilekkerland (country of the lazy and gluttonous), was described in very popular stories as a mythical place where there is no need to work, and where food and drink are so abundant that we need only open our mouths to take in what we desire. In this print, which accurately follows in reverse Bruegel's 1567 painting of the same title (Munich, Alte Pinakothek), three figures—a soldier, a farmer, and a clerk—are shown sleeping off the effects of their overindulgence, or waiting for more drink to imbibe—as the clerk does at left. Some of the remains of their meal are strewn on the platform encircling the tree in the center, while the mountain of buckwheat in the background and the house covered with tarts at right indicate this land has plenty to spare. The image's moralizing intent—to decry the vices of sloth and gluttony—is apparent from the first part of the Dutch inscription below: "The lazy and gluttonous farmers, soldiers, and clerks get there and taste all for nothing." Though Bruegel is credited with the inspiration for the design—"P. Bruegel. inventor" appears in the lower left corner—it is unclear whether the master was involved in the production of the print, which was probably engraved by Pieter van der Heyden.

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  • Land of Cockaigne, after 1570(?)
    Attributed to Pieter van der Heyden after PPieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish, ca. 1525–1569)
    Engraving; first state of two; 8 1/4 x 10 7/8 in. (20.8 x 27.6 cm)
    Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1926 (26.72.44)

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