Bartolo di Fredi (Italian, Sienese, active 1353, died 1410)
Italian; Made in Siena
Tempera on wood, gold ground, arched top
Overall: 69 1/8 x 45 1/8 in. (175.6 x 114.6 cm); Painted surface: 63 1/4 x 45 1/8 in. (160.7 x 114.6 cm)
The Cloisters Collection, 1925 (25.120.288)
Once the central panel of an altarpiece, this painting simultaneously depicts the Adoration of the Christ Child and the Annunciation to the Shepherds, shown in the upper right. To create clear spatial relationships, the artist employed overlapping planes and daring, if naive, perspectivemost evident in the projecting roof of the stable. The setting of the narrative combines the Byzantine tradition of representing the Adoration in a cave with the Western iconography of a stable. This panel may have been flanked by single panels depicting standing saints.