Kanewaka, also known as Takahira (Japanese, active 1609–26)
L. 36 1/2 in. (92.8 cm), edge 28 1/8 in. (71.5 cm)
Signed and dated: Echu no kami Fujiwara no Takahira / Gen'na hachi nen rokugatsu hi
Gift of Etsuko O. Morris and John H. Morris Jr., in memory of Dr. Frederick M. Pederson, 2007 (2007.478.2a, b)
Kanewaka was the most famous swordsmith of Kaga (now in Ishikawa Prefecture) during the shinto (new sword) period, which spanned 200 years, from the late sixteenth to the late eighteenth century. Sometime between making a sword dated September 18, 1619, and his next recorded sword, dated January 1621, Kanewaka began signing his blades with the name Takahira and including two important titles granted him by the emperor. This is seen in the signature on the Museum's sword: Echu no kami Fujiwara no Takahira (Takahira, Honorary Governor of Echu, Honorary Member of the Fujiwara Family).
In forging the surface texture of blades he signed Kanewaka, the swordsmith favored a mixture of two patterns: itame (wood grain) and masame (straight grain). His later blades signed Takahira, of which this is among the most beautiful, show a change to the koitame pattern, a small, finely patterned wood-grain effect. The pattern of the temper line along the edge of the blade is also a key stylistic feature. Here Takahira chose an oblique clove-shaped pattern with mixed zigzag lines influenced by blades from the Mino and Aoe schools of the mid-fourteenth century to create a temper line that is one of the most attractive on his known works.