Mrs. Charles Willson Peale (Rachel Brewer) and Baby Eleanor

Artist: Charles Willson Peale (American, Chester, Maryland 1741–1827 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Date: 1790

Medium: Watercolor on ivory

Dimensions: 2 1/2 x 2 in. (6.5 x 5.2 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Gift of Gloria Manney, 2006

Accession Number: 2006.235.127


In 1771, Peale painted a large portrait (whereabouts unknown) of his wife, Rachel (1744–1790), with their third child, Eleanor (1770–1773), to celebrate the child's first year of life. Their first two children had died in infancy. At the time, the artist wrote to his friend Edmond Jenings, "I have a fond Wife and Child and more coming, which my success in the Art I hope will enable me to provide for." Twenty years later, after Rachel's death, Peale copied the portrait in small format as a token of his affection for her.