Pendant

Maker: Marcus and Co. (American, New York, 1892–1942)

Date: 1891–1902

Geography: Made in New York, New York, United States

Culture: American

Medium: Arizona turquoise, demantoid garnets, and gold

Dimensions: 3/4 x 1 1/4 in. (1.9 x 3.2 cm)

Classification: Jewelry

Credit Line: Purchase, Susan and Jon Rotenstreich Gift, 2001

Accession Number: 2001.239

Description

Although diamond jewelry was especially revered, late nineteenth-century Americans became increasingly interested in colored stones, both precious and semiprecious. The publication in 1890 of George Kunz's Gems and Precious Stones of North America heightened interest in such native American gems as tourmaline, opal, moonstone, and turquoise. By mounting an oval cabochon turquoise in a cage of yellow gold, Marcus & Company transformed a gemstone mined in Arizona into an imitation scarab, set with fiery demantoid garnet eyes. A gold loop at one end enabled the stone to be worn as a pendant.

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