Still Life with a Bottle of Rum

Artist: Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France)

Date: 1911

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: 24 1/8 x 19 7/8 in. (61.3 x 50.5 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, 1998

Accession Number: 1999.363.63

Rights and Reproduction: © 2017 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


Picasso painted Still Life with a Bottle of Rum during the summer of 1911 in Céret, the small town in the French Pyrenees that was so popular with poets, musicians, and artists-especially the Cubists-before World War I that it has been called the "spiritual home of Cubism."

One is hard-pressed to see the bottle of rum indicated in the title of this work, which was painted during the most abstract phase of Cubism, known as "high" Analytic Cubism (1910-12). In the upper center of the picture are what seem to be the neck and opening of a bottle. Some spidery black lines to the left of it might denote sheet music, and the round shape lower down, the base of a glass. In the center, at the far right, is the pointed spout of a porrón (Spanish wine bottle). This is one of the first works in which Picasso included letter forms. It has been suggested that the ones shown at the left, LETR, refer to Le Torero, the magazine for bullfighting fans-Picasso being one of them-but they might simply be a pun on lettre, French for "word."