Cylinder seal and modern impression: winged horse with claws and horns

Period: Middle Assyrian

Date: ca. 14th–13th century B.C.

Geography: Northern Mesopotamia

Culture: Assyrian

Medium: Chalcedony

Dimensions: H. 1 3/8 in. (3.6 cm); Diam. 1/2 in. (1.3 cm)

Classification: Stone-Cylinder Seals-Inscribed

Credit Line: Gift of Nanette B. Kelekian, in memory of Charles Dikran and Beatrice Kelekian, 1999

Accession Number: 1999.325.89


This seal can be dated on stylistic grounds to the late fourteenth to thirteenth century B.C., a period of intense interaction between the eastern Mediterranean world and the Near East. It was made when there was a growing interest in portraying animals in a modeled style, in the treatment of figures in space, and in movement--all features associated with Western stimuli. The winged horse has talons usually seen on the lion-griffin, cervine horns, and a dragon-shaped phallus. The inscription names a court cupbearer.