Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Untitled, from the performance Hochzeit (Marriage), 1965
    Rudolf Schwarzkogler (Austrian, 1940–1969); Ludwig Hoffenreich (Austrian)
    Gelatin silver print; 8 9/16 x 6 11/16 in. (21.8 x 17 cm)
    Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 1995 (1995.476)

    Along with Günter Brus and Hermann Nitsch, Schwarzkogler was among the leading artists associated with Vienna Actionism, a movement centered around anarchic, often violent and sexually charged performances that flouted the repressive sociopolitical conventions of postwar Austrian culture. Hochzeit, the first of Schwarzkogler's actions, was performed on February 6, 1965, for a handful of friends and the camera (all of his subsequent actions were performed exclusively for the camera). Standing before a table covered with a white tablecloth and accompanied by Gregorian chants, Schwarzkogler played the role of shaman/priest/alchemist, performing his private ritual with dead fish, a dead chicken, various animal organs, eggs, colored liquids, a knife, and scissors.

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  • Untitled, from the performance Hochzeit (Marriage), 1965
    Rudolf Schwarzkogler (Austrian, 1940–1969); Ludwig Hoffenreich (Austrian)
    Gelatin silver print; 8 9/16 x 6 11/16 in. (21.8 x 17 cm)
    Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 1995 (1995.476)

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