Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water), third quarter of 4th century b.c.; red–figure
    Attributed to the Metope Painter
    Greek, South Italian, Apulian
    Terracotta
    Purchase, The Bernard and Audrey Aronson Charitable Trust Gift, in memory of her beloved husband, Bernard Aronson, 1995 (1995.45.1)

    On the body, obverse: woman with attendant in naiskos (shrine) flanked by youth and women
    Reverse: woman in naiskos flanked by youths and women
    On the shoulder, obverse: Eros with alabastron and mirror within foliage
    Reverse: head of a woman within foliage

    This imposing and beautifully executed vase, together with its counterpart 1995.45.2, is of exceptional interest for the architectural structure on the obverse. A small naiskos, rendered with three columns, encloses a woman, her maid, who holds out a small casket, and a metal loutrophoros. Between the level on which they stand and the podium for the shrine are two panels with a pair of confronted lions. The podium itself consists of an upper frieze of triglyphs, alternating with metopes showing Greeks fighting Amazons. The lower element is covered with tendrils enclosing a female head. Although naiskoi are common on Apulian vases, the complexity and elaboration here are unusual. The unresolved question is to what extent the representation reflects actual funerary structures and the limestone reliefs familiar especially from Tarentum.

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    On view: Gallery 160
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  • Loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water), third quarter of 4th century B.C.; red-figure
    Attributed to the Metope Painter
    Greek, South Italian, Apulian
    Terracotta
    Purchase, The Bernard and Audrey Aronson Charitable Trust Gift, in memory of her beloved husband, Bernard Aronson, 1995 (1995.45.1)

    On the body, obverse: woman with attendant in naiskos (shrine) flanked by youth and women
    Reverse: woman in naiskos flanked by youths and women
    On the shoulder, obverse: Eros with alabastron and mirror within foliage
    Reverse: head of a woman within foliage


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