[Brancusi's Studio]

Artist: Edward J. Steichen (American (born Luxembourg), Bivange 1879–1973 West Redding, Connecticut)

Date: ca. 1920

Medium: Gelatin silver print

Dimensions: 24.4 x 19.4 cm (9 5/8 x 7 5/8 in.)

Classification: Photographs

Credit Line: Gift of Grace M. Mayer, 1992

Accession Number: 1992.5149

Rights and Reproduction: © 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Description

Steichen lived in Paris on and off from 1900 to 1924, making paintings and photographs. A cofounder with Alfred Stieglitz of the Photo-Secession, Steichen offered his former New York studio to the fledgling organization as an exhibition space in 1905. Known first as the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession and later simply by its address on Fifth Avenue, 291, the gallery introduced modern French art to America through the works of Rodin, Matisse, Cézanne, and, in 1914, Constantin Brancusi.


Steichen and Brancusi, who met at Rodin's studio, became lifelong friends. This view of a corner of Brancusi's studio on the impasse Roncin shows several identifiable works, including "Cup" (1917) and "Endless Column" (1918). The photograph's centerpiece is the elegant polished bronze "Golden Bird" (1919), which soars above the other forms. Distinct from Brancusi's studio photographs—subjective meditations on his own creations—Steichen's view is more orchestrated, geometric, and objective. "Golden Bird" is centered, the light modulated, and the constellation of masses carefully balanced in the space defined by the camera. A respectful acknowledgment of the essential abstraction of the sculpture, the photograph seems decidedly modern and presages the formal studio photographs Steichen made in the service of "Vanity Fair" and "Vogue" beginning in 1923.

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