Guitar

Maker: Attributed to Joseph de Frías (Spanish, active Seville and Cadiz, ca. 1775–1800)

Date: ca. 1780

Geography: Seville, Spain

Culture: Spanish

Medium: Spruce, rosewood, cedar, ebony, mother-of-pearl

Dimensions: Height: 37 5/16 in. (94.7 cm)
Width (of lower bouts): 11 in. (27.9 cm)
Depth (at tail): 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm)

Classification: Chordophone-Lute-plucked-fretted

Credit Line: Purchase, Clara Mertens Bequest, in memory of André Mertens, 1992

Accession Number: 1992.279

Description

This nearly pristine instrument is a fine example of Spanish guitar making in the late eighteenth century. Rather unusually, the soundboard is of five pieces, similar to a guitar by Frías located in the Museo de la Festa in Alicante. It is decorated with inlaid rosewood, mother-of-pearl, and ebony floral features around the soundhole, at the base of the fingerboard, and between the bridge and the end of the guitar. An important feature of this instrument is the absence of bracing on the underside of the soundboard. Most six-course (twelve-string) guitars of this period were fan braced, whereas here the soundboard has been reinforced with woven cloth adhered in an X pattern to the inside of teh soundboard.

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