Mantel clock (pendule de chiminée)

Maker: Movement by the workshop of Julien Le Roy (French, Tours 1686–1759 Paris)

Maker: Case maker: Joseph Baumhauer (French, active ca. 1749–72)

Modeler: Bronze figure from a model by Laurent Guiard (1723–1788)

Date: ca. 1757–60

Culture: French, Paris

Medium: Case: gilded and patinated bronze on a base of oak veneered with ebony with gilded-bronze mounts; Dial: white enamel with black numerals; Movement: brass and steel

Dimensions: Overall: 19 × 27 1/2 × 11 in. (48.3 × 69.9 × 27.9 cm)

Classification: Horology

Credit Line: Purchase, Mrs. Charles Wrightsman Gift, 1991

Accession Number: 1991.8


Laurent Guiard (1723–1788), a little-known pupil of the sculptor Edme Bouchardon (1698–1762), provided the model for the figure titled "Time's Employment" that adorns this clock. The design of the clock proved to be one of the most popular in eighteenth-century France, and among the suppliers of movements for them was the workshop of Julien Le Roy. Probably the most inventive clockmaker in eighteenth-century France, Le Roy contributed significantly to the development of the marine chronometer. In 1739, he was appointed clockmaker to King Louis XV, an honor that entitled him to a workshop in the Louvre. After his death, his son Pierre Le Roy (1717–1785) was granted continued use of the workshop. He used his father's name to sign workshop products, and it is often not possible to separate the clocks made after Julien Le Roy's death from those made during his lifetime.