Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Wine coolers, ca. 1760–70
    Italian; Doccia
    Tin–glazed hard–paste porcelain; (.1) H. 7 9/16 in. (19.2 cm), Diam. of foot 4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm); (.2) H. 7 7/16 in. (18.9 cm), Diam. of foot 5 1/16 in. (12.9 cm)
    Gift of Mrs. Nereo Fioratti, in memory of her mother, Ruth Costantino, 1985 (1985.384.1,.2)

    Because the addition of tin to the glaze created an opaque, milky white surface, the Doccia factory began using a tin glaze in the 1760s to mask the gray color of its hard-paste porcelain body. A tin glaze was applied to these wine coolers, providing an effective background for the palette of strong colors that has been employed.

    The stylized floral decoration is reminiscent of that found on Japanese porcelains of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, and this form of painting was known at Doccia as a tulipano, although the large central flower may depict a peony rather than a tulip. These wine coolers are notable not only for the quality of the painted decoration but also for their exaggerated Rococo form. With its undulating and asymmetrical rim, and the asymmetrical molded shell decoration, the design embodies the principal characteristics of the Rococo style.

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  • Wine coolers, ca. 1760–70
    Italian; Doccia
    Tin-glazed hard-paste porcelain; (.1) H. 7 9/16 in. (19.2 cm), Diam. of foot 4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm); (.2) H. 7 7/16 in. (18.9 cm), Diam. of foot 5 1/16 in. (12.9 cm)
    Gift of Mrs. Nereo Fioratti, in memory of her mother, Ruth Costantino, 1985 (1985.384.1,.2)

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