Paul Klee (German, born Switzerland, 1879–1940)
Watercolor and pencil on paper; 8 1/8 x 7 5/8 in. (20.6 x 19.4 cm)
The Berggruen Klee Collection, 1984 (1984.315.4)
© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild–Kunst, Bonn
Klee's artistic training, which began in 1898, when he went to Munich for three years to learn to draw and paint, can be said to have lasted until 1914, when he visited Tunisia. The light of North Africa aroused in him a sense of color, and there Klee made his now-famous statement: "Color and I are one. I am a painter."
On April 14, 1914, Klee visited Hammamet, a small town on the Mediterranean northwest of Tunis. He captured a view of the city in Hammamet with Its Mosque, a watercolor painted from outside the city walls. As happens so often in Klee's works, the picture consists of representational as well as nonrepresentational elements. The upper part shows the mosque surrounded by two towers and gardens; the lower area is made up of translucent color planes, following Robert Delaunay's (1885–1941) example of making pure color and its contrasts the sole subject of a picture.