Automaton in the form of a chariot pushed by a Chinese attendant and set with a clock

Maker: James Cox (British, ca. 1723–1800)

Date: 1766

Culture: British, London

Medium: Case: gold with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver, pearls; Dial: while enamel; Movement: partly gilded brass and steel, wheel balance and cock of silver set with paste jewels

Dimensions: Overall: 10 1/4 × 6 3/8 × 3 1/4 in. (26 × 16.2 × 8.3 cm)

Classification: Metalwork-Gold and Platinum

Credit Line: The Jack and Belle Linsky Collection, 1982

Accession Number: 1982.60.137


The surviving half of a pair, this automaton was commissioned by the English East India Company in 1766 for presentation to the emperor of China. Mandarins and flying dragons like the creature perched atop the bouquet of flowers on the top of the double-tiered parasol represent European stereotypes of Chinese culture in the Qianlong era (1736–95); the Chinese apparently considered them to represent a curious European taste.

The automaton is set in motion by tiny levers that activate the whirligig held in the lady's left hand and the wings of the bird in her right hand. A bell hidden beneath the lower tier of the parasol sounds the hours and the entire mechanism is propelled by a spring and fusee device housed above the two central wheels; the attendant is dragged along behind. Two more birds were originally fixed on spiral springs attached to the front end of the chariot, and they must have fluttered when the automaton was set in motion.