Marriage Contract

Calligrapher: Abu'l Qasim Farhang ibn Vesal

Object Name: Non-illustrated manuscript

Date: dated A.H. 1291/ A.D. 1874

Geography: Iran

Culture: Islamic

Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Dimensions: 10 3/8 x 5 5/8in. (26.3 x 14.3cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Gift of Charles K. Wilkinson, 1979

Accession Number: 1979.518.5


This marriage contract is signed by Abu'l Qasem Farhang ibn al-Vesal (1826–1890), son of the famous Muhammad Shafi, known as Vesal of Shiraz (1779–1846). Like his father and brothers, he was an accomplished poet and calligrapher, specializing in the naskhi, shikasta, and nasta'liq scripts. This document shows his skill with two other types of script. The passage from the Qur'an at the beginning of the contract is in revival naskh while the body of the text is in riqa. As was typical for the nineteenth century, the scribe used a number of different colored inks, including black, red, green, and purple. The first page is also ornately illuminated with a central panel and borders of floral decoration.