Mimbres peoples; New Mexico
Ceramic; H. 5 in. (12.7 cm)
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Purchase, Nelson A. Rockefeller Gift, 1964 (1978.412.123)
About a thousand years ago, the peoples of the Mimbres Valley of New Mexico produced many ceramic vessels decorated with sophisticated painted images of birds, animals, and men, and combinations thereof. Done primarily in black on a more-or-less white ground, the Mimbres images are noteworthy for their spontaneity and individuality. No other group of Southwestern peoples decorated ceramic vessels in a similar manner. While many Mimbres bowls feature geometric patternsthe common regional mode of embellishmentthe figurative and narrative imagery is unique to the peoples of the Mimbres Valley in the early centuries of the second millennium A.D. The pairing of figures is much favored. Deer, antelope, rabbits, and mountain sheepthe latter seen in the bowl hereare most frequently depicted in this manner. The bowls have largely been discovered in subfloor burials, customarily only one to a burial, where they were placed over the face of the deceased. Many are pierced, or "killed," and the significance of such kill-holes is unclear. Explanations for them range from rendering the bowls functionally useless to allowing their spirit, or that of the deceased, to escape.