Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Portrait of Margaret of Austria, ca. 1490
    Jean Hey (Master of Moulins) (Flemish, active 1480–1500)
    Oil on oak panel; 12 7/8 x 9 1/8 in. (32.7 x 23 cm)
    Robert Lehman Collection, 1975 (1975.1.130)

    The daughter of Emperor Maximilian I, Margaret of Austria was betrothed at the age of three to the infant dauphin Charles, the future Charles VIII, and served briefly as "queen of France" from 1483 to 1491. She is shown here around the age of ten, one year before she was repudiated by her intended husband. The initials C and M within the border of Margaret's collar (backwards C in the left border) probably signify their union. The chain of gold shells on her headdress may be part of the armorial insignia of the Bourbon dynasty with which she was then associated. The elaborate pendant of a pelican piercing its breast to draw blood with which to feed its young (the blood represented by the large hanging ruby), a symbol of Christian charity, alludes to the sitter's piety. These elements are mounted on a gold fleur-de-lis. Demonstrably showing her faith, Margaret holds a large gold filagree Paternoster bead of her rosary and looks to the right, presumably toward (what was originally) the object of her devotion. The right wing of this diptych, now lost, would have shown the Virgin and Child.

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  • Portrait of Margaret of Austria, ca. 1490
    Jean Hey (Master of Moulins) (Flemish, active 1480–1500)
    Oil on oak panel; 12 7/8 x 9 1/8 in. (32.7 x 23 cm)
    Robert Lehman Collection, 1975 (1975.1.130)

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