Terracotta column-krater (mixing bowl)

Attributed to the Rueff Painter

Period: Late Classical

Date: 4th century B.C.

Culture: Greek, South Italian, Apulian

Medium: Terracotta; red-figure

Dimensions: H. 21 9/16 in. (54.8 cm)

Classification: Vases

Credit Line: Gift of John D. Rockefeller 3rd, Nelson A . Rockefeller, Laurance S. Rockefeller and David Rockefeller, 1974

Accession Number: 1974.23

Description

Many of the red-figure vases produced in southern Italy and Sicily are found not within Greek contexts, but in the tombs and settlements of native Italic populations. South Italian potters and painters must have quickly realized the potential of this market. They not only began to replicate native shapes, but they also painted scenes of indigenous peoples such as the Messapians, Oscans, and Samnites wearing native dress and armor. Scenes featuring such figures often depict a departure or return of warriors and frequently appear on column-kraters, a Greek shape that was adopted as a substitute for the olla, an Italic vase traditionally placed within tombs in central Apulia.

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