Column–krater (mixing bowl), 4th century b.c.; red–figure
Attributed to the Rueff Painter
Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Terracotta; H. 21 9/16 in. (54.8 cm)
Gift of John D. Rockefeller 3rd, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Laurence S. Rockefeller, and David Rockefeller, 1974 (1974.23)
Obverse: women and two youths in Oscan dress
Reverse: three youths
Many of the red-figure vases produced in southern Italy and Sicily are found not within Greek contexts, but in the tombs and settlements of native Italic populations. South Italian potters and painters must have quickly realized the potential of this market. They not only began to replicate native shapes, but they also painted scenes of indigenous peoples such as the Messapians, Oscans, and Samnites wearing native dress and armor. Scenes featuring such figures often depict a departure or return of warriors and frequently appear on column-kraters, a Greek shape that was adopted as a substitute for the olla, an Italic vase traditionally placed within tombs in central Apulia.