Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • The Angel Surush Rescues Khusrau Parviz: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1530–35
    Attributed to Muzaffar cAli
    Iran, Tabriz
    Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper; 18 59/16 x 12 1/2 in. (47.1 x 31.8 cm)
    Gift of Arthur A. Houghton Jr., 1970 (1970.301.73)

    Chased by the men of Bahram Chubina, Khusrau Parviz galloped across the Plains of Duk until the road ended in front of a mountain. He climbed up the cliff in search of an escape, but a rock blocked his way. His escape ended there, with Bahram and his men just a few steps away. Khusrau called out to the Lord, who sent the angel Surush to rescue him.

    This painting is among the finest and most delicate compositions in the entire manuscript. Compositionally balanced, its lyrical landscape flows on the outer margin, paralleled in its movement by the curved row of Bahram's soldiers climbing the mountain. The focus of the composition remains Surush, an epitome of beauty whose fine features and noble stance make the humans in the painting pass almost unobserved. Indeed, angels are the closest creatures to the Lord and thus the most handsome of all beings.

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  • The Angel Surush Rescues Khusrau Parviz: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1530–35
    Attributed to Muzaffar cAli
    Iran, Tabriz
    Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper; 18 59/16 x 12 1/2 in. (47.1 x 31.8 cm)
    Gift of Arthur A. Houghton Jr., 1970 (1970.301.73)


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