Outer robe (uchikake) with theme of Mount Hôrai, Edo period (1615–1868), second half of 18th–first half of 19th century
Silk and metallic thread embroidery on silk satin damask with stencil–dyed details
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Jonas M. Goldstone, 1970 (1970.296.1)
The ancient Chinese legend of Penglai, a spiritual mountain of eternal life located in the eastern seas, evolved in Japan into the fantasy island of Mount Hôrai, stylized as a gathering of cranes and tortoises in a bright landscape dominated by pine, bamboo, and blossoming plum. Suitable residents of Mount Hôrai, cranes and tortoises symbolize long life. Pine, bamboo, and plum constitute the auspicious "Three Friends of Winter," because they show signs of life even during the cold months of the year.
The theme of Mount Hôrai was very common in bridal garments.