Eurydice, ca. 1510–16
Attributed to Antonio Lombardo (Italian, Venetian, ca. 1458–1516)
Marble; 14 7/8 x 8 5/8 in. (37.8 x 21.9 cm)
Inscribed (a later addition): BACCIVS BANDINELIVS FECIT
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917 (17.190.737)
This relief evokes the love between the classical scholar Gaspare Fantuzzi (ca. 1465/70–1536) and his wife Dorotea Castelli, who were both members of patrician families in Bologna and were married in 1502. The inscription on the reverse of the first version of the Eurydice, in which the faithful wife of Orpheus is bitten by a snake (illustrated on the label), reads: "Gaspare Fantuzzi of Bologna dedicates this to the most sweet alliance of marriage and to conjugal love." This work must have been commissioned by Fantuzzi himself to celebrate his marriage.