The Immortal Lü Dongbin Appearing over the Yueyang Pavilion, Southern Song, Yuan, or early Ming dynasty, late 13th–early 14th century
Fan mounted as an album leaf; ink and color on silk; Image 9 3/8 x 9 7/8 in. (23.8 x 25.1 cm), with mat 15 x 15 in. (38.1 x 38.1 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1917 (17.170.2)
The banner hanging from the second floor of this two-story pavilion identifies it as the Yueyang Tower. This famous site on the east shore of Lake Dongting, in Hunan Province, is associated with the legendary Daoist immortal Lü Dongbin—the patriarch of the Quanzhen (Perfect Realization) order and one of the legendary Eight Immortals, whose cult flourished in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
Lü, who is said to have stopped there for a drink, can be seen "flying" in the upper right corner, much to the astonishment of the pavilion's other visitors. The white wall in the lower right bears an ink drawing of a man riding a mule and the cyclical date dingsi, possibly corresponding to 1257.