Shahnama (Book of Kings)

Author: Abu'l Qasim Firdausi (935–1020)

Calligrapher: Bin Shams ad-Din Sheikh Muhammad

Artist: Ali Naqi

Artist: Aqa Nuyan

Artist: Ghulam Parmak

Artist: Fadl Ali

Artist: Mu’in

Artist: Muhammad Zaman (active 1649–1700)

Object Name: Illustrated manuscript

Date: A.H. 1074–79/A.D. 1663–69

Geography: Attributed to Iran, probably Isfahan

Culture: Islamic

Medium: Opaque watercolor, ink, silver and gold on paper

Dimensions: H. 18 1/2 in. (47 cm)
W. 11 1/8 in. (28.2 cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Gift of Alexander Smith Cochran, 1913

Accession Number: 13.228.17


In the late seventeenth century, the imprint of European painting appears in the style of certain Persian artists such as Muhammad Zaman. Here it can be seen in the use of perspective, the thick-foliaged trees, the shaded hills, and the bellpull in the pavilion. The terrace with its openwork railing and the river with its bank just beyond reflect the influence of painting of Mughal India, where the artist may have resided at one time.