Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Qur'an of Ibrahim Sultan, dated 1427; Timurid
    Iran (Shiraz)
    Ink, colors, and gold on paper; H. of page 8 in. (20.3 cm), W. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm)
    Gift of Alexander Smith Cochran, 1913 (13.228.1)

    This two-part Qur’an, both volumes of which are in the Museum's collection, is a splendid example of lavish manuscript production in the early Timurid period. Every page of this Qur’an, finished in June 1427, has profusely decorated margins of floral scrolls in gold and color. Its calligrapher was the ruler of Shiraz himself, Ibrahim Sultan (1394–1435), a grandson of Timur (Tamerlane) and an accomplished artist and great collector of books. Known to be observant in matters of religion, Ibrahim Sultan personally scribed pious inscriptions on two madrasas he founded in Shiraz and at least five copies of the Qur’an.

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  • Qur'an of Ibrahim Sultan, dated 1427; Timurid
    Iran (Shiraz)
    Ink, colors, and gold on paper; H. of page 8 in. (20.3 cm), W. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm)
    Gift of Alexander Smith Cochran, 1913 (13.228.1)

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