Pelike (jar), ca. 330–310 b.c.; red–figure
Close in style to the Underworld Painter
Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Terracotta; H. 22 1/2 in. (57.2 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1906 (06.1021.228)
Obverse: naiskos (shrine) with woman and attendant between youth and woman
Reverse: woman, youth, and Eros
The earliest naiskos scenes, the most common type of funerary scene on Apulian vases, appear in the work of the Iliupersis Painter, active in the second quarter of the fourth century B.C. A naiskos is a small templelike structure with columns supporting a triangular pediment or a flat roof. Typically, within these funerary naiskoi there are one or more figures painted in added white to imply that they represent sculptural decoration rather than a living person. The figures find close parallels in contemporary grave stelai of Attica set within an architectural frame that resembles the naiskos structure. Mourners bearing a variety of offerings frequently flank the naiskoi.