Terracotta oinochoe (jug)

Attributed to the Stuttgart Group

Period: Hellenistic

Date: ca. 325–300 B.C.

Culture: Greek, South Italian, Apulian

Medium: Terracotta; red-figure

Dimensions: H. with handle 16 3/4 in. (42.6 cm)

Classification: Vases

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1906

Accession Number: 06.1021.211


The oinochoe's base is not solid but open, preventing the vase from holding any contents. This intentional perforation of the vase during its production demonstrates that it, like its counterpart 06.1021.209, was intended only for funerary use. The appearance of Nike (Victory) on such a demonstrably funereal vase may reflect the purchaser's belief in an afterlife. The presence of Eros carrying a situla, associated with Dionysos, god of wine, connects the idea of victory over death with the realm of the mystery cults of Dionysos, which promised eternal bliss to its initiates.