Crossbow of Count Ulrich V of Württemberg (1413–1480)

Maker: Attributed to Heinrich Heid von Winterthur (probably Swiss, active Stuttgart, recorded 1453–1460)

Date: dated 1460

Geography: probably Stuttgart

Culture: German, probably Stuttgart

Medium: Wood (European hornbeam), horn, animal sinew, staghorn, birch bark, iron alloy, copper alloy, pigment

Dimensions: L. 28 1/16 in. (71.2 cm); W. 25 5/8 in. (65 cm); Wt. 6 lb. 9 oz. (2972 g)

Classification: Archery Equipment-Crossbows

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1904

Accession Number: 04.3.36


The carved ivory decoration on the stock of this crossbow includes the date 1460 and the coats of arms of Württemberg and Savoy, referring to the owner, Count Ulrich V of Württemberg (1413–1480), and his wife, Princess Marguerite of Savoy. Above the trigger is a German or Yiddish benediction written in Hebrew. This inscription is a rare and early instance of Hebraic script on an item intended for a Christian patron.