Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Spruce

Wood, Spruce

Works of Art (22)

Archlute, 1725, David Tecchler (German, active Rome), Italy (Rome), Spruce, ebony, ivory, tortoiseshell, mother-of-pearl, various other materials (1988.87)
Archtop Guitar, Centura Deluxe model (Serial number 1249), 1933, James D'Aquisto (American), Spruce, maple, ebony with blonde to honey sunburst finish (2012.246)
The Batta-Piatigorsky Violoncello, 1714, Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Spruce, maple, ebony (L.2005.8a–g)
Division viol, ca. 1640–65, England, Spruce and maple (2009.42)
Fortepiano, ca. 1838, Conrad Graf (Viennese, 1782–1851), Vienna, Austria, Oak, spruce, veneer, and walnut (2001.272)
Guitar, 1912, Manuel Ramírez (Spanish), Madrid, Wood (1986.353.2)
Guitar, 1937, Hermann Hauser (German), Germany (Munich), Wood (1986.353.1)
Guitar, ca. 1780, Possibly Joseph de Frías (Spanish), Seville, Wood, various materials (1992.279)
Guitar, ca. 1835–40, Johann Anton Stauffer (Austrian), Vienna, Wood, various materials (1979.390)
Lute, 1596; converted into a guitar, 19th century, Made by Sixtus Rauchwolff, Germany, Spruce, ebony, and rosewood (89.2.157)
Lute, 1669, Pietro Railich, Padua, Snakewood, ebony, spruce (2008.3)
Lute, late 16th century, Attributed to Wendelin Tieffenbrucker, Padua, Yew, spruce, ebony, maple (1989.13)
Lyre-guitar, early 19th century (ca. 1805), Pons fils (probably a son of César Pons), Paris, France,Mahogany and spruce (1998.121)
Mandora, 1726, Gregori Ferdinand Wenger, Augsburg, Maple, spruce, ebony (89.4.3140)
Ud, 1977, Les fils de Gamil Georges, Cairo, Mahogany, spruce, beech, plastic, abalone, brass, other materials (1982.143.1)
Viola d'amore, 18th century, Johannes Florenus Guidantus (Italian), Bologna, Italy, Spruce, maple (2009.41)
Viola da Gamba (Viol), 1680, Richard Meares (English), England (London), Wood (1982.324)
Violetta, 1701, Giovanni Grancino (Italian), Milan, Spruce, maple, ebony, ivory (2008.1)
Violin, 1669, Nicolò Amati (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Spruce, maple, other woods (1974.229)
Violin, ca. 1560, Andrea Amati (Italian), Italy (Cremona), Maple, spruce, various other materials (1999.26)
Violin: "The Antonius," 1711,Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Maple, spruce, ebony (34.86.1)
Violin: "The Francesca," 1694, Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Maple, spruce, ebony, 1933 (34.86.2)