Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Trade (1–500 A.D.)

Trade (1-500 A.D.)

Works of Art (98)

Altarpiece dedicated to Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 524, China, Gilt bronze (38.158.1a–n)
Aureus of Septimius Severus, with a portrait of Julia Domna, ca. 193–96 A.D.; Severan, Roman, Gold (99.35.218)
Bell (dotaku), late Yayoi period, 1st–2nd century, Japan, Bronze (18.68)
Belt or harness ornament with an eagle and its prey, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gold inlaid with turquoise (17.190.2055)
Bottle, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Cut glass (17.194.317)
Bowl Fragments with Menorah, Shofar, and Torah Ark, 4th century, Roman or Byzantine, Glass, gold leaf (18.145.1 ab)
Bowl, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Blown glass (17.194.314)
Box with Sleeping Eros, 300s, Roman or Byzantine; Said to have been found in Tartus, Syria, Silver (47.100.33)
Bronze waterspout in the form of a lion mask, ca. 100 B.C.–100 A.D.; late Hellenistic or early Roman; Greco-Roman style, Greco-Roman; From Cyprus, Bronze (74.51.5677)
Brooch in the Shape of a Panther, 100–300, Roman, Copper alloy with silver and niello inlays (47.100.18)
Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 486, China, Gilt bronze with traces of pigment, piece-mold cast (26.123)
Cameo architectural panel, ca. 1–25 A.D.; Augustan–early Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass (18.145.38a)
Cameo cup fragment with lovemaking scene, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.349)
Cameo fragment with marine animals, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.347)
Central watchtower, architectural model, Eastern Han dynasty, 1st–early 3rd century, China, Earthenware with green lead glaze (1984.397ab)
Chariot Mount with Three Figures, 300–500, Late Roman or Byzantine; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy (47.100.42)
Chariot Trappings, 200–400, Provincial Roman, perhaps Thrace, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (2000.505a-o)
Coins of Titus, Trajan, and Hadrian, 80–81, 105–7, 134–38 A.D.; Flavian, Trajanic, Hadrianic, Roman, Bronze and gold (99.35.177)
Conical bowl, 2nd–1st century B.C., Hellenistic; Said to be from Syria, Cast glass (81.10.243)
Covered jar (hu), Western Han dynasty, 2nd–1st century B.C., Probably from Luoyang area, China, Earthenware with painted decoration (1992.165.20ab)
Dinar, 79 A.H./698–99 A.D., Syria, Gold (99.35.2386)
Door lintel with lion-griffins and vase with lotus leaf, 2nd–3rd century; Parthian period, Hatra, northern Mesopotamia, Limestone (32.145a, b)
Dragonesque Brooch, 1st century, Provincial Roman, probably made in Britain, Bronze with champlevé enamel (1980.450)
Earring in the form of a three-lobed wineskin, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Mesopotamia, Gold (1995.366)
Ewer with dancing females within arcades, 6th century; Sasanian style, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding (67.10a,b)
Faceted Bowl, 5th–7th century; Sasanian, Iran (?), Glass, blown and wheel-cut (59.34)
Female Dancer, Western Han dynasty (206 B.C.–9 A.D.), 2nd century B.C., China, Earthenware with slip and pigments (1992.165.19)
Figure of a reclining woman, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (86.16.3)
Footed bowl, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D., Hellenistic or Roman, Cast glass (81.10.129)
Fragment of a military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Trajanic, 113/14 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.52)
Garland bowl, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Glass (91.1.1402)
Gift of Anathapindada, Kushan period, 2nd–3rd century, Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Schist with traces of gold foil (1987.142.1)
Gladiator cup, ca. 50–80 A.D.; Neronian–Early Flavianic, Roman; Found at Montagnole, southern France, Glass (81.10.245)
Glass alabastron, late 8th–6th century B.C.; Archaic, Probably Phoenician; From Cyprus, Glass (74.51.312)
Glass rings and bracelets, 1st century B.C.–4th century A.D., Roman, Glass and gold (74.51.4244)
Gold-glass alabastron, 1st century B.C., Hellenistic, Glass (17.194.286)
Gravestone with funerary banquet, 2nd–3rd century, Excavated at Palmyra, Syria, Limestone (02.29.1)
Harness Decoration, 100–300, Celtic or Roman, Copper alloy (48.154.5)
Head of a king, probably Shapur II, 4th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Gilded silver (65.126)
Horned Figure Vessel, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D., Mexico; Colima, Ceramic (1979.206.478)
Human Figure, 2nd century B.C.–1st century A.D., Old Bering Sea peoples; Alaska, Ivory (walrus) (1979.206.695)
Intaglio portrait of a young woman, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Sard (74.51.4236)
Intaglio with a portrait of the empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan, Roman, Beryl (25.78.90)
Jar, Six Dynasties (late Northern dynasties period)–Sui dynasty, ca. late 6th century, China, Earthenware with relief decoration under olive-green glaze (1996.15)
Jug, ca. 220–250, Roman, Terracotta (74.51.383)
Lady Su Hui and Her Verse Puzzle, Ming dynasty, 16th century, China, Handscroll; ink and color on silk (33.167)
Lute, Roman Byzantine period, 3rd–4th century, Egyptian, Wood (12.182.44)
Military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Antonine, 149 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.32a,b)
Monochrome cast vessels, 1st century A.D., Roman, Translucent cast glass (17.194.155) (91.1.1238) (81.10.128) (29.100.84)
Mosaic with a Peacock and Flowers, 3rd–4th century, Roman or Byzantine; Probably from North Africa, Tesserae (26.68)
Mount, 100–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (47.100.6)
Mummy Mask, Roman period, ca. A.D. 60–70, Egyptian; possibly from Middle Egypt, Meir (Mir), Cartonnage, plaster, paint, plant fibers (19.2.6)
Mummy with an inserted panel portrait of a youth, 80–100 A.D.; Roman Period, Egypt, Fayum, Hawara (Hawwara, Hawwaret el-Maqta; Adlan), Petrie, Encaustic on limewood, linen, human remains (11.139)
Open bowl, 1st century A.D., Nabataean; Jordan, Ceramic (1977.234.12)
Pair of belt buckles, Xianbei culture, ca. 1st century A.D., North China, Silver plate and gilt (24.174.6,7)
Pipa, Ming dynasty (1368–1644), late 15th–early 16th century, China, Wood, ivory, bone, silk (50.145.74)
Pitcher, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Blown glass (74.51.134)
Plate with king hunting rams, late 5th–early 6th century; Sasanian period, Iran, Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay (34.33)
Platter with Fish, 300–500, Late Roman; Made in Gaul, possibly found in Grand, northwestern France, Copper alloy with tin overlay (47.100.30)
Portrait bust of a bearded man, ca. 150–75 A.D.; Antonine, Roman, Marble (1998.209)
Portrait bust of a man, 1st century B.C.; Republican, Roman, Marble (12.233)
Portrait bust of a woman, 200–230 A.D.; Severan, Roman, Marble (18.145.39)
Portrait head of the emperor Constantine I, ca. 324–337; Constantinian; Late Antique period, Roman, Marble (26.229)
Portrait head of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (called Caracalla), ca. 217–230; Late Severan, Roman, Marble (40.11.1a)
Portrait of a Boy, Roman period, 2nd century, Egyptian, Encaustic on wood (18.9.2)
Rhyton terminating in the forepart of a wild cat, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gilded silver (1979.447)
Ribbed bowl, late 1st century B.C.–mid-1st century A.D., Roman, Cast glass (81.10.39)
Ring with intaglio portrait of Emperor Tiberius, 14–37 A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Gold, carnelian (1994.230.7)
Seated Female Musicians, Tang dynasty, late 7th century, China, Pottery (23.180.4–7)
Situla with design of ships, Dongson culture, 100 B.C.–100 A.D., Vietnam, Bronze (2000.284.60)
Six-Sided Container, 200–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with millefiore enamel (47.100.7)
Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350–361), 350–361, Byzantine, Gold (04.35.18)
Spherical Jar, Meroitic Period, ca. 100 B.C.–300 A.D., Meroitic, Painted pottery (08.202.47)
Spout in the shape of a man's head, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Glazed ceramic (56.56)
Spouted Vessel, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D., Mexico or Guatemala; Maya, Indurated limestone (1999.484.3)
Standing male figure, Bronze and Iron Age, 300 B.C.–200 A.D., Indonesia, eastern Java, Earthenware (2000.284.42)
Standing man, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gray stone (51.72.1)
Standing woman, 2nd century B.C.–3rd century A.D.; Parthian period, Possibly Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia, Alabaster (86.16.1)
Statuette of a Dolphin, 3rd–5th century, Roman or Byzantine; Found in Carthage (now in Tunisia, North Africa), Rock crystal (55.135.9)
Statuette of a Personification of a City, 300–500, Late Roman or Byzantine, Copper alloy (47.100.40)
Steelyward weight with the bust of Athena, second half of 4th–6th century, Byzantine, Copper alloy (59.184)
Storage jar, late Yayoi period, ca. 100–200, Japan, Earthenware with incised decoration (1975.268.375)
Storage jar, Yayoi period (ca. 4th century B.C.–3rd century A.D.), Japan, Earthenware (1975.268.378)
Sword, mid-1st century B.C.; Late Iron Age (La Tène), Celtic, Iron blade, copper alloy hilt and scabbard (1999.94a-d)
Temple of Dendur, Roman period, reign of Augustus Caesar, ca. 15 B.C., Egyptian; from Nubia, Dendur, Sandstone (68.154)
Terracotta Figure of Isis-Aphrodite, Roman period, 2nd–3rd century, Egyptian, Alluvial clay; brown, black, red, and pink paint on white englobe (1991.76)
Terret (Rein Guide), 1st century A.D., Celtic; Britain, Copper alloy, with champlevé enamel (1988.79)
Tomb guardian (zhenmushou), Northern Wei to Northern Qi dynasties, mid- to late 6th century, China, Earthenware with pigment (1979.438)
Tomb panel with relief of figures in a pavilion, Eastern Han dynasty, early 2nd century, Shandong Province, China, Limestone (20.99)
Torso of a monumental bodhisattva, ca. 5th century; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, probably Sahri Bahlol workshop, Schist (1995.419)
Torso of a Ptolemaic King, Ptolemaic Period, 80–30 B.C., Egyptian, Dark basalt (1981.224.1)
Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons Sarcophagus, ca. 260–270, Roman, Marble (55.11.5)
Two portraits of Trebonianus Gallus, 251–53 A.D., Roman, Bronze (05.30, 05.47)
Vase, 3rd century, Provincial Roman, Champlevé enamel, copper alloy (47.100.5)
Vermand Treasure: Belt Buckle and Three Mounts for Spear Shafts, ca. 400, Provincial Roman; Found in Vermand, France, Silver gilt inlaid with niello (17.192.143–.146)
Votive panels, Kushan dynasty, ca. 3rd century A.D., Bactria (northern Afghanistan), Terracotta and gouache (2000.42.2,4)
Wine Dipper, 200–300, Roman; Made in Gaul, found in Leyris, southern France, Silver (47.100.29)
Wing Fibula, 2nd century; Late Roman, Provincial Roman; Made in Pannonia, Silver, gold, four carnelians (1998.76)

Thematic Essays (52)