Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Sculpture in the Round from Africa

Sculpture, In the Round, Africa

Works of Art (157)

Akuaba Figure, 19th–20th century, Akan peoples; Ghana, Wood, beads, string (1979.206.75)
Altar and Finial, 19th century, Democratic Republic of Congo, Loango Region, Kongo peoples, Ivory (1993.382a,b)
Altar Bell: Portuguese Face, 16th–17th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (cast) (1991.17.85)
Altar Ring, 17th–19th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin (?), Brass (1991.17.134a, b)
Altar Tableau: Queen Mother and Attendants, 18th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1991.17.111)
Altar: Female Figures, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon, Wood, clay coating, patina (1978.412.467)
Ancestor Figure, 19th–20th century, Boyo peoples; Democratic Republic of Congo, Wood, kaolin (1978.412.424)
Apis bull, Late Period, Dynasty 26–30, ca. 664–332 B.C., Egyptian, Ivory (modern base) (17.190.62)
Bakers and Brewers from Meketre's model bakery, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Meketre, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.12)
Bark Sphinx (Sib), Dynasty 26, ca. 664–525 B.C., Egyptian, Leaded bronze (2011.96)
Caryatid Veranda Post, 20th century, Olowe of Ise (Yoruba), Yoruba peoples; Nigeria, Wood, pigment (1996.558)
Colossal statue of Mentuhotep II, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 11, ca. 2051–2000 B.C., Egyptian, Painted sandstone (26.3.29)
Cosmetic container in the form of a Bes image holding the cap of a kohl tube, Late Period, Dynasty 27, ca. 525–404 B.C., Egyptian, Faience (1989.281.94)
Cosmetic Jar in the Form of a Cat, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, ca. 1991–1783 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (calcite) with inlaid eyes of rock crystal and copper (1990.59.1)
Crucifix, 16th century (?), Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass, wood (1999.295.8)
Crucifix, early 17th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass (1999.295.4)
Cult image of the god Ptah, Dynasty 22–early Dynasty 26 (ca. 945–600 B.C.), Egyptian, Lapis lazuli (2007.24)
Face of Senwosret III, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Senwosret III, ca. 1878–1840 B.C., Egyptian, Quartzite (26.7.1394)
Female Figure, 19th–20th century, Bamana peoples; Mali, Wood, metal (1978.412.347)
Figure (Grave Marker), 20th century, Kenya; Giryama people, Wood (1993.522)
Figure, 19th–20th century, Bangwa peoples; Cameroon, Wood, pigment, encrustation, fiber (1978.412.576)
Figure, late 19th century, Sudan; Bongo peoples, Wood (1973.264)
Figure: Mother and Child, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Kongo peoples, Yombe group, Wood, glass, metal, pigment (1979.206.29)
Figures with Xylophone, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon, Wood, metal (1979.206.131)
Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Copper alloy (1979.206.41)
Figurine: Three Males, 18th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo, Loango Region, Kongo peoples, Ivory (1978.412.348)
Fragment from a Figure, Head, 16th–19th century, Nigeria (?); Nnam, Basalt (1995.64.18)
Fragment of the face of a queen, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egypt, Middle Egypt, el-Amarna (Akhetaten); inc. el-Hagg Qandil, Yellow jasper (26.7.1396)
Fragmentary face of King Khafre, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Khafre, ca. 2520–2494 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (26.7.1392)
Gazelle, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1353 B.C., From Egypt, Elephant Ivory, wood, blue-pigment inlay (26.7.1292)
God Horus Protecting King Nectanebo II, Late Period, Dynasty 30, reign of Nectanebo II, 360–343 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke (34.2.1)
Haremhab as a Scribe, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Tutankhamun or Aye, ca. 1336–1323 B.C., Egyptian, Granodiorite (23.10.1)
Hatshepsut, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian; From Deir el-Bahri, western Thebes, Indurated limestone (29.3.2)
Head of a goddess, probably Mut, for attachment to a processional barque(?), Third Intermediate Period–Kushite Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 700 B.C., Egypt, Cupreous alloy, gilding, formerly inlaid (2008.353)
Head of a Priest, 4th century B.C., Egyptian, Basalt (1989.281.102)
Head of a Princess, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, 1352–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Quartzite and paint (2005.363)
Head of a Ptolemaic queen, Hellenistic, ca. 270–250 B.C.,> Greek, Marble (2002.66)
Head of a Queen Mother (Iyoba), 1750–1800, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1977.187.36)
Head of Ahmose I, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Ahmose I (ca. 1550–1525 B.C.), Egyptian, Limestone (2006.270)
Head of Amenemhat III, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat III, ca. 1859–1813 B.C., Egyptian, Black granite (24.7.1)
Head of Amenhotep I, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep I, ca. 1525–1504 B.C., Egyptian, Sandstone (26.3.30a)
Head of Amenhotep II, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep II, ca. 1427–1400 B.C., Egyptian, Black granite (66.99.20)
Head of Amenhotep III, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1352 B.C., Egyptian, Brown quartzite (56.138)
Head of Amenmesse, New Kingdom, Dynasty 19, reign of Amenmesse, ca. 1203–1200 B.C., Egyptian, Quartzite (34.2.2)
Head of an Antelope, Late Period, Dynasty 27, ca. 525–404 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke, agate, Egyptian alabaster (1992.55)
Head of an Oba (King), 18th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1991.17.2)
Head of an Oba (King), 19th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass, iron (1991.17.3)
Head of an Oba, 16th century (ca. 1550), Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1979.206.86)
Head of Arsinoe II, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 316–270 B.C., Egyptian, Indurated limestone (38.10)
Head of Augustus, Roman Period, 27–20 B.C., Egyptian, Blue-green (glassy?) faience (26.7.1428)
Head of Ptolemy II or III, Ptolemaic Period, reign of Ptolemy III Euergetes, ca. 246–221 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze (66.99.134)
Head of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Ptolemaic Period, reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, ca. 285–246 B.C., Egyptian, Diabase (12.187.31)
Head of Ptolemy VI Philometor, Ptolemaic Period, reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor, ca. 180–145 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (66.99.166)
Head of Queen Tiye, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, ca. 1388–1340 B.C., Egyptian, Red quartzite (11.150.26)
Head of the god Amun, New Kingdom, post-Amarna period, Dynasty 18, reign of Tutankhamun, ca. 1336–1327 B.C., Egypt, Granodiorite (07.228.34)
Head of Tutankhamun, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Tutankhamun, ca. 1336–1327 B.C., Egyptian, Indurated limestone (50.6)
Head, 12th–15th century, Nigeria, Esie, Soapstone (1979.206.296)
Head, 16th century, Sierra Leone; Sapi-Sapo (?), Steatite (1978.412.375)
Head, 16th–17th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Terracotta, sacrificial materials (1991.17.7)
Headdress, 19th–20th century, Ejagham peoples; Nigeria, lower Cross River, Wood, hide, metal, bone, paint (1979.206.266)
Headdress, 19th–20th century, Baga peoples; Guinea, Wood (1979.206.17)
Janus-Faced Headdress, 19th–20th century, Boki peoples; Nigeria, Wood, cotton, metal, cane, pigment (1987.284)
King Sahure and a Nome God, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5, ca. 2458–2446 B.C., Egyptian, Gneiss (18.2.4)
Kneeling statue of Amenemope-em-hat, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Psamtik I, ca. 664–610 B.C., Egyptian; Apparently from Memphis, Ptah temple, Graywacke (24.2.2)
Kneeling statuette of Thutmose III, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Thutmose III, ca. 1479–1425 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze (1995.21)
Kushite Pharaoh, Late Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 713–664 B.C. Egyptian Bronze with gilding (2002.8)
Ladle, 20th century (before 1960), Zlan of Belewale, Dan peoples; Liberia or Côte d'Ivoire, Wood, pigment (1979.206.254)
Lion, Early Dynastic Period, Dynasties 1–2, ca. 3000–2700 B.C., Egyptian; Perhaps from Gebelein, Upper Egypt, Quartz (66.99.2)
Male and Female Poro Altar Figures (Ndebele), 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Senufo, Wood, pigment (1979.206.193, 4)
Male Reliquary Figure, 19th century, Gabon or Democratic Republic of Congo; Ambete, Wood, pigment, metal, cowrie shells (2002.456.17)
Maternity Figure, 19th–20th century, Luluwa peoples; Democratic Republic of Congo, Wood, metal ring (1979.206.282)
Maternity Figure, 19th–20th century, Senufo peoples; Côte d'Ivoire, Wood, oil patina (1981.397)
Memorial Head, 17th century, Ghana; Akan, Twifo region, Hemang city, Terracotta, roots, quartz fragments (1978.412.563)
Memorial Head, 19th–20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Akan, Anyi subgroup, Terracotta (1978.412.394)
Memory Board (Lukasa), 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Luba, Wood (1977.467.3)
Mother and Child, 15th–20th century, Mali, Bougouni or Dioila area; Bamana peoples, Wood (1979.206.121)
Mukudj Mask, 19th–20th century, Punu peoples; Gabon, Wood, pigment, kaolin (2000.177)
Neckrest: Female Figure, probably 19th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Luba or Shankadi, Wood, beads (1981.399)
Nikare with his Wife and Daughter, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5, reign of Niuserre or later, ca. 2420–2389 B.C., From Egypt, Memphite Region, Saqqara probably, Limestone, paint (52.19)
Osirid figure of Merneptah, New Kingdom, Dynasty 19, reign of Merneptah, ca. 1213–1203 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (26.7.1451)
Pair of Diviner's Figures, 19th–20th century, Baule peoples; Côte d'Ivoire, Wood, pigment, beads, iron (1978.412.390-.391)
Panel with Cross and Griffins, 500–700, Byzantine; Made in Egypt, Wood (28.12)
Power Figure (Nkisi), 19th–20th century, Kongo peoples; Democratic Republic of Congo, Wood, paint, nails, cloth, beads, shells, arrows, leather, nuts, twine (1979.206.127)
Power Object (Boli), 19th–20th century, Mali; Bamana, Wood, sacrificial materials (patina) (1979.206.175)
Prancing Horse, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, probably reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1391–1353 B.C., Egyptian, Ivory, garnet inlay (26.7.1293)
Processional Cross, 14th–15th century, Ethiopia, Lasta region, Tigrinya peoples, Brass (1998.37)
Processional Cross, 15th century, Ethiopia; Amharic peoples, Copper (2008.22)
Processional Cross, 16th century (ca. 1500), Ethiopia, Tigray region; Amharic, Wood, tin (1999.103)
Ptah, Third Intermediate Period, ca. 1070–712 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze, gold leaf, and glass (2009.175)
Ram head for attachment, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–25, ca. 1070–664 B.C., Egypt, Leaded bronze, precious metal leaf, copper alloy inlay in eye rims (45.2.9)
Ram Mask (Bata), 19th–20th century, Kwele peoples; Republic of Congo or Gabon, Wood, paint (1979.206.8)
Reliquary Figure, 19th–20th century, Fang peoples; Gabon, Wood, metal, oil patina (1978.412.441)
Reliquary Head (Nlo Bieri), 19th–20th century, Gabon; Fang, Betsi group, Wood, metal, palm oil (1979.206.229)
Ring with Equestrian Figure, 19th–20th century, Mali; Dogon peoples, Copper alloy (1981.425.1)
Ritual figure, 4th century B.C.–early Ptolemaic Period (380–246 B.C.), Egyptian, Wood, formerly clad in lead sheet (2003.154)
Ritual Figure, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reigns of Amenemhat II–Senwosret II, ca. 1919–1878 B.C., Egyptian; From Lisht, Painted wood (14.3.17)
Royal Scepter: Male Figure, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Kongo peoples, Ivory (1978.412.657)
Scribes from Meketre's model granary, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Meketre, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.11)
Sculptor's model of Akhenaten, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (21.9.13)
Seated Chief (Mwanangara), before 1869, Angola; Chokwe, Wood, cloth, fiber, beads (1988.157)
Seated Couple, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon peoples, Wood, metal (1977.394.15)
Seated Figure (Tumba), 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo, Bamboma, Steatite (1978.412.573)
Seated Figure, 13th century, Mali, Inland Niger Delta region; Djenné, Terracotta (1981.218)
Seated Male Figure with Lance, 15th–20th century, Mali; Bamana peoples, Wood (1983.600a,b)
Seated Male Figure, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo, Yombe, Wood, glass, metal, kaolin (1996.281)
Seated Male Figure, 19th–20th century, Ghana; Akan, Wood, kaolin (1980.429)
Seated Male, 19th–20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Baule, Wood, beads (1978.412.425)
Seated Portuguese Figure, 18th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1991.17.31)
Seated statue of King Menkaure, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Menkaure, ca. 2490–2472 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (37.6.1)
Shawabti box and shawabtis, New Kingdom, reign of Ramesses II, ca. 1279–1213 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Sennedjem, Deir el-Medina, western Thebes, Painted wood; limestone and ink (86.1.14,.18,.21, 67.80, 86.1.28)
Shawabti of Siptah, New Kingdom, Dynasty 19, reign of Siptah, ca. 1194–1188 B.C., Egyptian, Alabaster (14.6.179)
Silver Buffalo and Elephant, 19th century, Republic of Benin; Fon, Silver-copper alloy, brass, copper, and iron (2002.517.1-2)
Smiting god wearing an Egyptian atef crown, 15th–14th century B.C., Levant, Bronze (1986.42)
Sphinx of Amenhotep III, possibly from a Model of a Temple, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1352 B.C., From Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Karnak possibly, Faience, remains of a travertine (Egyptian alabaster) tenon (1972.125)
Sphinx of Hatshepsut, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian, Red granite with traces of blue and yellow paint (31.3.166)
Sphinx of Senwosret III, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Senwosret III, ca. 1878–1840 B.C., From Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Karnak probably, Gneiss (17.9.2)

Staff: Female Half Torso, 19th–20th century, Angola; Ovimbundu, Wood, brass tacks (1978.412.572)
Staff: Seated Male Figure, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon or Bozo, Copper alloy (cast) (1975.306)
Standing Couple (Hazomanga?), 17th–late 18th century, Madagascar; Menabe, Sakalava peoples, Wood, pigment (2001.408)
Standing Female Figure with Mortar and Pestle, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon, Wood, iron (1979.541.12)
Standing Female Figure, 18th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Ivory, metal (1978.412.302)
Standing Female Figure, 19th–20th century, Madagascar; Malagasy (?) Wood, patina stain (1978.412.577)
Standing Figure (Aloalo) with Superstructure, 20th century, Madagascar; Malagasy (Mahafaly) peoples, Wood (1998.317.1)
Standing Male and Female Figures, 18th–19th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Tabwa, Wood, beads (1978.412.591,2)
Standing Male Figure, ?12th–?17th century, Western Sudan; (Dogon?), Wood (1985.422.2)
Standing Male Official: Court Official, 16th–17th century, Nigeria; Edo peoples, court of Benin, Brass (1991.17.32)
Standing Man, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon peoples, Wood, patina (1978.412.322)
Standing Warrior, 11th–17th century (1455–1640); Lower Niger Bronze Industry, Nigeria, Niger Valley between the confluence area and the delta, Brass (1977.173)
Statue of an Offering Bearer, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, early reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1981–1975 B.C., From Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Southern Asasif, Tomb of Meketre (TT 280, MMA 1101), serdab, MMA 1920, Wood, gesso, paint (20.3.7)
Statue of Memi and Sabu, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, ca. 2575–2465 B.C., Egyptian; Probably from Giza, Painted limestone (48.111)
Statue of Psamtik I, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Psamtik I, ca. 664–610 B.C., Egyptian, Granite (X.358)
Statue of Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Ahmose, ca. 1550–1525 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (16.10.224)
Statue of Queen Arsinoe II, Ptolemaic Period, probably after 270 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone with traces of gilding and paint (20.2.21)
Statue of Seti I, New Kingdom, Dynasty 19, reign of Seti I, ca. 1294–1279 B.C., Egyptian, Black granite (22.2.21)
Statuette of a Hippopotamus, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, ca. 1991–1783 B.C., Egyptian; Middle Egypt, Meir, Faience (17.9.1)
Statuette of a horse or elephant rider, 3rd century B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek; Said to be from ancient Athribis, Egypt, Bronze (55.11.11)
Statuette of a Kushite Priest, Adapted for a King, late Dynasty 25, ca. 700–664 B.C., Egyptian, Leaded bronze, precious metal leaf (2010.259)
Statuette of a queen, Middle Kingdom, late Dynasty 12–Early Dynasty 13 (ca. 1825–1750 B.C.), Egyptian, Schist (65.59.1)
Statuette of a Woman, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Necho II, ca. 610–595 B.C., Egyptian, Silver (30.8.93)
Statuette of Amasis, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Amasis, ca. 570–526 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze inlaid with gold (35.9.3)
Statuette of Amun, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22, ca. 945–715 B.C., Egyptian, Gold (26.7.1412)
Statuette of Isis and Horus, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 304–30 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian faience (55.121.5)
Statuette of Taweret, New Kingdom, early Dynasty 18, ca. 1550–1458 B.C., Egyptian; From western Thebes (cAsasif), Limestone with traces of paint (26.7.1404)
Statuette of the god Anubis as embalmer, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332–30 B.C., Egyptian, Wood with gesso and paint (38.5)
Statuette of the goddess Taweret, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332–30 B.C., Egyptian, Glassy faience (26.7.1193)
Statuette of Wah, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Wah, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.210)
Stool, 19th century, The Buli Master, Luba peoples; Democratic Republic of Congo, Wood, metal studs (1979.290)
Striding Figure, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, ca. 2575–2465 B.C., From Egypt, Southern Upper Egypt, el-Kab (Elkab; Eleithyaspolis) possibly, Quartzite, paint (62.200)
Terracotta Figure of Isis-Aphrodite, Roman period, 2nd–3rd century, Egyptian, Alluvial clay; brown, black, red, and pink paint on white englobe (1991.76)
Three-Headed Standing Figure, 19th century, Republic of Congo (Congo River Basin region); Kuyu peoples, Wood, pigments (2006.447)
Torso of a priestess, reign of Ptolemy I or Ptolemy II, 306–246 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (2010.18)
Torso of a Ptolemaic King, Ptolemaic Period, 80–30 B.C., Egyptian, Dark basalt (1981.224.1)
Torso of a striding statue of a general, 4th century B.C., Egyptian, Schist (1996.91)
Twin Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Brass (1978.412.496)
Twin Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Brass (1978.412.497)
Votive offering, New Kingdom, second half of Dynasty 18, ca. 1400–1295 B.C., Egyptian, Wood with remains of black pigment (2006.16)
Woman Wearing a Tunic, 4th–5th century; Early Byzantine, Egyptian; Probably Eshmunein, Painted plaster (12.185.4)