Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Christian Painting

Religious Art, Christianity, Painting

Works of Art (127)

Abner's Messenger before David (?), wing of an altarpiece, ca. 1480, Master of the Saint Barbara Legend (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.56a)
The Adoration of the Magi, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on wood (1982.60.4)
The Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1465, Justus of Ghent (Joos van Wassenhove) (Netherlandish), Distemper on canvas (41.190.21)
The Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1520, Workshop of Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1982.60.17)
The Adoration of the Magi, possibly ca. 1320, Giotto di Bondone (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (11.126.1)
Adoration of the Shepherds, 14th century, Bartolo di Fredi (Italian, Sienese), Italian; Made in Siena, Tempera on wood, gold ground, arched top (25.120.288)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, before 1527, L'Ortolano (Giovanni Battista Benvenuti) (Italian, Ferrarese), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (30.95.296)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. 1500, Francesco Marmitta (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2491)
Adoration of the Shepherds, shortly after 1450, Andrea Mantegna (Italian, Paduan), Tempera on canvas, transferred from wood (32.130.2)
Adoration, ca. 1760–70, François Boucher (French), Gouache over black chalk on paper (1997.95)
The Agony in the Garden, predella panel, Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Marchigian), Oil on wood (32.130.1)
All Saints in an Initial E: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1430–40, Osservanza Master (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2484)
The Angel Gabriel Appearing to Zacharias, ca. 1799–1800, William Blake (British), Pen and black ink, tempera and glue size on canvas (51.30.1)
Angel of the Revelation, ca. 1803–5, William Blake (British), Watercolor, pen and black ink, over traces of graphite (14.81.1)
The Annunciation of the Death of the Virgin, ca. 1670, Samuel van Hoogstraten (Dutch), Oil on canvas (1992.133)
Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece), ca. 1427–1432, Workshop of Robert Campin (Netherlandish, ca. 1375–1444), South Netherlandish, Tournai (present-day Belgium), Oil paint on oak (56.70)
Annunciation, 1480–89, Hans Memling, Oil on canvas, transferred from wood panel (1975.1.113)
The Annunciation, 1672, Luca Giordano (Italian, Neapolitan), Oil on canvas (1973.311.2)
The Annunciation, Attributed to Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) (Italian), Oil on wood (1982.319)
Annunciation, parts of a polyptych, 1506, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (50.145.9ab)
Assumption of the Virgin, ca. 1340, Bernardo Daddi (Italian [Florence]), Tempera on panel (1975.1.58)
The Baptism of Christ, Sebastiano Ricci (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (1981.186)
The Betrayal of Christ, predella panel, Bartolomeo di Tommaso (Italian, Umbrian), Tempera on wood (58.87.1)
Birth of the Virgin, 1467, Fra Carnevale (Bartolomeo di Giovanni Corradini) (Italian, Marchigian), Tempera and oil on wood (35.121)
The Birth of the Virgin, ca. 1690, Francesco Solimena (Italian), Oil on canvas (07.66)
Bishop of Assisi Handing a Palm to Saint Clare, ca. 1360, German, Made in Nuremberg, Tempera and gold on oak panel (1984.343)
A Bishop Saint, ca. 1420, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (1991.27.2)
Brother Gregorio Belo of Vicenza, 1547, Lorenzo Lotto (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (65.117)
Calling of Matthew, Workshop of Jan Sanders van Hemessen (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (71.155)
Christ Bearing the Cross, ca. 1489–1500, Nicolaos Tzafouris, Greek (Crete), Oil and tempera on wood, gold ground (29.158.746)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1500–1505, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (2009.415)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1524, Andrea Solario (Italian, Milanese), Oil on wood (22.16.12)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1580s (?), El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1975.1.145)
Christ Carrying the Cross, with the Crucifixion; The Resurrection, with the Pilgrims of Emmaus (triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.119), Archangel Gabriel; The Virgin Annunciate (exterior of triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.120)
Christ Crowned with Thorns, Antonello da Messina (Antonello di Giovanni d'Antonio) (Italian, Sicilian), Oil, perhaps over tempera, on wood (32.100.82)
Christ in the Wilderness, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (11.53)
Christ on the Cross, with the Virgin and Saints Mary Magdalene, John the Evangelist, Monica(?), Augustine(?), Peter Martyr, Thomas Aquinas, Francis, and Elizabeth of Hungary(?), ca. 1453–54, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (14.40.628)
Christ Taking Leave of His Mother, possibly the right wing of a diptych, ca. 1500, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (14.40.636)
Clothing the Naked, ca. 1661, Michiel Sweerts (Flemish), Oil on canvas (1984.459.1)
The Coronation of the Virgin, after 1595, Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (1971.155)
The Crucifixion with Saints and a Donor, ca. 1520, Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish) and a collaborator, Oil on wood (41.190.20a–c)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin and Saint John, ca. 1625, Hendrick ter Brugghen (Dutch), Oil on canvas (56.228)
Crucifixion, 14th century, Master of the Codex of Saint George (Italian, Florentine), Italian; Probably made in Avignon, Tempera on wood, tooled gold ground (61.200.1,2)
The Crucifixion, ca. 1420, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (43.98.5)
The Crucifixion, ca. 1495–1500, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (09.157)
The Entombment, 1554, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (12.61)
Ewost'atéwos and Eight Disciples, late 17th century, Ethiopia, Wood, tempera (2006.98)
Fifteen Mysteries and the Virgin of the Rosary, Netherlandish Painter (possibly Goswijn van der Weyden), Oil on wood (1987.290.3a–p)
The First Communion Eugène Carrière (French), Oil on canvas (63.138.5)
The Flagellation; The Madonna of Mercy, processional banner, ca. 1540, Girolamo Romanino (Italian, Brescian), Distemper and oil(?) on canvas (1989.86)
The Flight into Egypt, early 1470s, Cosmè Tura (Cosimo di Domenico di Bonaventura) (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera on wood (49.7.17)
Four Scenes from the Passion, ca. 1520, Master of the Blumenthal Passion (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (41.190.14)
The Glorification of the Eucharist, probably ca. 1630, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on wood (37.160.12)
Head of Christ, Master of the Orcagnesque Misericordia (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (1981.365.2)
Head of the Madonna, fragment, 1510, Franciabigio (Francesco di Cristofano) (Italian, Florentine), Oil on wood (32.100.89)
Holy Face, ca. 1485, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, trimmed and laid down on wood (1975.1.2486)
The Holy Family with Saints Anne and Catherine of Alexandria, 1648, Jusepe de Ribera (Spanish), Oil on canvas (34.73)
The Holy Family with Saints Francis and Anne and the Infant Saint John the Baptist, probably early 1630s, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on canvas (02.24)
The Holy Family with the Infant Saint John the Baptist, ca. 1530, Andrea del Sarto (Andrea d'Agnolo) (Italian, Florentine), Oil on wood (22.75)

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891, Paul Gauguin (French), Oil on canvas (51.112.2)
The Immaculate Conception, 1627, Guido Reni (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (59.32)
Lamentation, 1591, Scipione Pulzone (Il Gaetano) (Italian, Roman), Oil on canvas (1984.74)
The Lamentation, 1603, Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri) (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on copper (2008.72)
The Lamentation, ca. 1582, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (2000.68)
The Last Supper, Ugolino da Siena (Ugolino da Nerio) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on panel (1975.1.7)
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints and Angels, Francesco Botticini (Francesco di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood (61.235)
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Two Angels, Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florentine), Tempera and gold on wood, transferred from wood (49.7.9)
Madonna and Child with Angels, Cosimo Rosselli (Italian, Florentine), Tempera and gold on wood (32.100.84)
Madonna and Child with Saints and Angels, ca. 1350, Lippo Memmi (Filippo di Memmo) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (43.98.6)
Madonna and Child with Saints Francis and Dominic and Angels, Giulio Cesare Procaccini (Italian), Oil on canvas (1979.209)
Madonna and Child with Saints Jerome and Mary Magdalene, ca. 1490, Neroccio de' Landi (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood (61.43)
Madonna and Child with Saints, Bonifacio de' Pitati (Bonifacio Veronese) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on wood (1995.536)
Madonna and Child with Saints, altarpiece, ca. 1520, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Tempera and oil on canvas (20.92)
Madonna and Child, 1370s, Paolo di Giovanni Fei (Italian), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.190.13)
Madonna and Child, Berlinghiero (Italian, Lucca), Tempera on wood, gold ground (60.173)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1300, Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on wood, with original engaged frame (2004.442)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1326, Simone Martini (Italian [Siena]), Tempera on panel (1975.1.12)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1485, Filippino Lippi (Italian, Florentine), Tempera, oil, and gold on wood (49.7.10)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1495–1500, Francesco Francia (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on wood (1982.448)
Madonna and Child, probably before 1508, Bramantino (Bartolomeo Suardi) (Italian, Bergamo [?]) Tempera on wood (12.178.2)
The Man of Sorrows, ca. 1420–30, Michele Giambono (Michele Giovanni Bono) (Italian, Venetian), Tempera and gold on wood (06.180)
The Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, ca. 1340, Leaf from the laudario created for Sant'Agnese, Florence, Pacino di Bonaguida (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (2006.250)
The Mass of Saint Basil, 1746, Pierre Hubert Subleyras (French), Oil on canvas (2007.166)
The Miracle of Christ Healing the Blind, possibly ca. 1570, El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1978.416)
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes, ca. 1545–50, Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (13.75)
The Miraculous Communion of Saint Catherine of Siena, 1747, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian), Tempera and gold on wood (32.100.95)
The Nativity (The Adoration of the Christ Child), ca. 1460, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian), Tempera on panel (24.22)
The Nativity with Donors and Saints Jerome and Leonard, ca. 1510–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (49.7.20a–c)
The Nativity, ca. 1435–40, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian); Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (1983.490)
The Nativity, early 1480s, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.40a)
Paradise (predella panel), ca. 1445, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on canvas, transferred from wood, (06.1046)
Peaceable Kingdom, ca. 1830–32, Edward Hicks (American), Oil on canvas (1970.283.1)
Portable Mosaic Icon with the Virgin Eleousa, early 14th century, Byzantine, probably Constantinople, Miniature mosaic set in wax on wood panel with gold, multicolored stones, and gilded copper tesserae; some portions restored (2008.352)
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, ca. 1512–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (49.7.21)
Saint Andrew, possibly ca. 1330, Simone Martini (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.100.23)
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florentine, ca. 1406–1469), Tempera and gold on wood (1975.1.70b)
Saint Catherine of Alexandria in Prison, ca. 1580–85, Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (1999.225)
Saint Giles with Christ Triumphant over Satan and the Mission of the Apostles, part of an altarpiece, 1420s, Miguel Alcañiz (or Alcanyis) (Spanish, Valencian), Tempera on wood, gold ground (76.10)
Saint John the Baptist Preaching, ca. 1650, Mattia Preti (Il Cavalier Calabrese) (Italian), Oil on canvas (2005.477)
Saint John the Baptist; Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata, wings of a triptych, ca. 1485–90, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.40bc)
Saint John the Evangelist, part of a polyptych, 1320s, Segna di Buonaventura (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.100.22)
Saint Lucy and Her Mother at the Shrine of Saint Agatha; Saint Lucy Giving Alms; Saint Lucy before Paschasius; Saint Lucy Resisting Efforts to Move Her, part of an altarpiece, Giovanni di Bartolommeo Cristiani (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (12.41.1–4)
Saint Matthew and the Angel, 1534, Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (12.14)
Saint Maurice, ca. 1522–25, Lucas Cranach the Elder (German) and Workshop, Oil on wood (2006.469)
Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Reviving a Child, predella panel, ca. 1530, Garofalo (Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo) (Italian, Ferrarese), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (17.190.24)
Saint Thecla Praying for the Plague-Stricken, sketch, 1758–59, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (37.165.2)
Saints Michael and Francis, ca. 1505–9, Juan de Flandes (Netherlandish), Oil on wood, gold ground (58.132)
Saints Peter, Martha, Mary Magdalene, and Leonard, ca. 1514–16, Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (Italian), Oil on canvas (12.211)
Salome with the Head of Saint John the Baptist, probably ca. 1506–7, Andrea Solario (Italian, Milanese), Oil on wood (32.100.81)
Salvator Mundi, ca. 1622–23, Domenico Fetti (Italian), Oil on wood (2007.91)
Santa Francesca Romana Clothed by the Virgin, Attributed to Antonio da Viterbo the Elder (Italian), Tempera on panel (1975.1.100)
Scenes from the Life of Saint Augustine, ca. 1490, Master of Saint Augustine (Netherlandish), Oil and silver on panel (61.199)
The Supper at Emmaus, 1622–23, Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish), Oil on canvas (14.40.631)
Temptation of Christ, ca. 1125, Hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, province of Soria, Spain, Fresco transferred to canvas (61.248)
Triptych with the Crucifixion, ca. 1510, Francesco Granacci (Francesco di Andrea di Marco) (Italian), Italy; Florence, Tempera and gold on wood (2006.409)
Two Angels, first quarter of 14th century, North Italian, Fresco (1971.115.1ab)
The Virgin Adoring the Host, 1852, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French), Oil on canvas (2005.186)
Virgin and Child with Four Angels, ca. 1510–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1977.1.1)
Virgin and Child with Saint Anne, probably 1519, Albrecht Dürer (German), Oil on wood (14.40.633)
Virgin and Child with Saints Catherine of Alexandria and Barbara, 1479, Hans Memling, Oil on wood (14.40.634)
Virgin and Child with Six Saints, ca. 1455–57, Pesellino (Francesco di Stefano) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (50.145.30)
Virgin and Child, Copy after Jan Gossart (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (17.190.17)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1444–46, Pesellino (Francesco di Stefano) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (30.95.254)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1510, Workshop of Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1975.1.118)
Virgin and Child, last quarter of 15th century, Master of the Legend of Saint Ursula (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (17.190.16)
Virgin of the Rosary of Guápulo, ca. 1680, Peruvian (Cuzco), Oil on canvas (64.164.385)
The Vocation of Saint Aloysius (Luigi) Gonzaga, ca. 1650, Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) (Italian), Oil on canvas (1973.311.3)

Thematic Essays (48)