Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Buddhism

Religious Art, Buddhism

Works of Art (135)

Aizen Myōō (Rāga-vidyārāja), Nanbokuchō period, 14th century, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk (66.90)
Altarpiece dedicated to Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 524, China, Gilt bronze (38.158.1a–n)
Amitabha Triad, Goryeo dynasty, ca. early 14th century, Unidentified artist, Korea, Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk (30.76.298)
Arhat (luohan), Liao dynasty, ca. 1000, Hebei Province, China, Earthenware with three-color (sancai) glaze (21.76)
Birth of the Buddha, Kushan period, Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably Takht-i-Bahi), Stone (1987.417.1)
Birth of the Buddha, Muromachi period, ca. 1400, Unidentified artist, Japan, Section of a wall panel; ink, color, and gold on silk (1993.478.1)
Black Tangka with Goddess Lha Mo, late 16th century, Tibet, Distemper on cloth (1983.510.1)
Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (Guanyin Pusa), Yuan dynasty, dated 1282, Probably Hebei Province, China, Wood (willow) with traces of pigment, single woodblock construction (34.15.1)
Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara of the Lion's Roar or Simhanada Avalokiteshvara (Shi hou Guanyin Pusa), Ming dynasty, late 15th–16th century, China, Wood (poplar) with pigments, single woodblock construction (2000.270)
Bodhisattva Manjushri as Tikshna-Manjushri (Minjie Wenshu Pusa), Ming dynasty, Yongle period (1403–24), China, Gilt brass, lost-wax cast (2001.59)
Bodhisattva Padmapani, Transitional period, 10th–11th century, Nepal, Copper alloy with gilding and semiprecious stones (1982.220.2)
Bodhisattva, probably Avalokiteshvara (Guanyin), Northern Qi dynasty, ca. 550–60, Shanxi Province, China, Sandstone with pigments (65.29.4)
Bookcover with scenes from the life of the Buddha, ca. first half of 10th century India or Nepal Ink and color on wood, with metal insets (1979.511)
Brahma (Beomcheon), Joseon dynasty (1392–1910), Unidentified artist (late 16th century), Korea, Hanging scroll, ink and color on hemp (21.57)
Buddha Amitayus attended by bodhisattvas, 11th century, Tibet, Distemper on cloth (1989.284)
Buddha Amoghasiddhi with Eight Bodhisattvas, ca. 1200–1250, Tibet (Central regions), Distemper on cloth (1991.74)
Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 486, China, Gilt bronze with traces of pigment, piece-mold cast (26.123)
Buddha sheltered by a naga, Angkor period, 12th century, Cambodia, Bronze (1987.424.19ab)
Buddha Vairocana (Dari), Tang dynasty, early 8th century, China, Gilt leaded bronze, lost-wax cast (43.24.3)
Buddha, Gupta period, second half of 6th century, India (probably Bihar), Bronze (69.222)
Buddha, probably Amitabha (Amituo), Tang dynasty, early 7th century, China, Dry lacquer with traces of gilt and pigment (19.186)
Buddha, probably Shakyamuni (Shijiamouni), Sixteen Kingdoms period, late 4th–early 5th century, China, Gilt bronze, piece-mold cast (1974.268.8a–c)
Buddha, probably Vairochana (Piluzhena), Liao dynasty, early 11th century, China, Gilt bronze (2006.284)
Buddha's Descent from the Trayastrimsha Heaven, Ikshvaku period, second half of 3rd century, India, Andhra Pradesh, Nagarjunakonda, Limestone (28.31)
The Buddha's First Sermon at Sarnath, ca. 2nd century; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Schist (1980.527.4)
Buddhist Disciple, Phra Sankachai, ca. late 17th century, Thailand, Bronze with traces of gilding; eyes inlaid with shell and garnet (2001.27)
Buddhist goddess Ushnishavijaya (Zun Shengfomu), Qing dynasty, late 17th–early 18th century, China, Gilt brass, lost-wax cast (2007.75a, b)
Buddhist Guardian Mahabala, Eastern Javanese period, 11th century, Indonesia (Java), Bronze (1995.570.4)
Buddhist Guardian: Chandamaharoshana, 15th century, Nepal, Distemper and gold on cloth (1994.452)
Buddhist Monk Bodhidharma (Chinese: Damo), 17th century, Ming (1368–1644)–Qing (1644–1911) dynasty, China, Rhinoceros horn (2011.344)
Buddhist stele, Tang dynasty, ca. 700, China, Black limestone (30.122)
Cover for a Buddhist manuscript, 12th century, Nepal, Ink and color on wood (1984.479.1b)
Cup Stand with Eight Buddhist Treasures, Yuan dynasty, 14th century, China, Silver (2007.187)
Daiitoku Myōō (Yamāntaka-vidyārāja), Heian period, 12th century, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1975.268.13)
Dainichi Nyorai (Mahā-vairochana), Heian period, 12th century, Japan, Wood with gold leaf and lacquer (26.118)
Death of the Buddha (Parinirvana), 2nd–4th century; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Schist (L.1993.69.4)
Death of the Historical Buddha (Nehan), Kamakura period, 14th century, Unidentified artist, Kyoto, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, gold, and color on silk (12.134.10)
The Dream of Queen Maya, Kushan period, 1st century A.D., Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably Takht-i-Bahi), Schist (1976.402)
Enthroned Buddha, ca. 600, Northern Pakistan (Gilgit Kingdom), Gilt brass inlaid with silver and copper (2011.19)
Fasting Siddhartha, Kushan period, ca. 3rd century, Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara), Schist (1987.218.5)
Fierce Manjushri, the Bodhisattva of Transcendent Wisdom, 10th century, Nepal, Gilt copper alloy with color and gold paint (1982.220.13)
Figure of Bodhidharma, Ming dynasty, 17th century, China, Porcelain (Dehua ware) (63.176)
Four deities from a Vajradhatu (Diamond World) Mandala, Eastern Javanese period, fourth quarter of 10th–first half of 11th century, Indonesia (Java, Nganjuk), Bronze (1987.142.5, 7-9)
Fudō Myōō (Achala-vidyārāja) and Two Youthful Attendants, Nanbokuchō period, After Ryūshū Shūtaku (Japanese), Triptych of hanging scrolls; hand-colored woodblock prints on paper, Signed: Myōtaku Rōjin hitsu (1975.268.26–.28)
Funerary urn (hunping), Western Jin dynasty, ca. 250–300, China, Earthenware with green glaze (1992.165.21)
Gift of Anathapindada, Kushan period, 2nd–3rd century, Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Schist with traces of gold foil (1987.142.1)
The Great Departure and the Temptation of the Buddha, Ikshvaku period, ca. first half of 3rd century, India (Andra Pradesh, Nagarjunakonda), Limestone (28.105
Great Teacher Marpa, early 12th century, Tibet, Bronze with copper and silver inlays and gold plugs (1995.176)
Head of a bodhisattva, 5th–6th century; Afghanistan, probably from Hadda, Clay or terracotta, garnet (1986.2)
Head of a Buddha, second half of 6th century, Angkor Borei, Cambodia, Stone (2005.512)
Helmet, 1350–1450, Mongolian or Chinese, Iron and gold (2005.270)
Helmet, 15th–17th century, Mongolian, Iron and gold (1999.120)
Helmet, probably mid- to late 17th century, Chinese, Iron, gold, silver, and textile (1997.18)
Illuminated pages from a dispersed Dharani manuscript, 14th–15th century, Tibet (Zhalu monastery), Inks and color on paper (1986.509.1a,b)
Illustrated Biography of Hōnen (Shūikotokūden-e), Kamakura period (1185–1333), ca. 1310–20, Japan, Section of a handscroll remounted as a hanging scroll (1980.221)
The Illustrated Legends of the Jin'ôji temple, Nanbokuchô period (1336–92), 14th century, Japan, Fragment of a handscroll; ink and color on paper (1975.268.36)
Illustrated manuscript of the Lotus Sutra, Goryeo dynasty, ca. 1340, Unidentified artist (late 14th century), Korea, Folding book, gold and silver on indigo-dyed mulberry paper; 106 pages (1994.207)
Illustrated sutra of The Miracles of Kannon, Kamakura period, dated 1257, Unidentified artist, Japan, Handscroll; ink, color, and gold on paper (53.7.3)
Incense holder, late 16th–early 17th century, Zhu Sansong, China, Bamboo (1995.271)
Inscribed reliquary donated by King Indravarman, dated 5–6 A.D.; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Bajaur Valley, Schist (1987.142.70a,b)
Kāma Aims His Bow at Radha: Page from a Dispersed Gita Govinda (Loves of Krishna), ca. 1695, India (Rajasthan, Mewar), Ink and opaque watercolor on paper (1975.409.3)
Kongōyasha Myōō (Vajrayaksha-vidyārāja), Heian period, 12th century, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1975.268.12)
Kshitigarbha (Jijang), Goryeo dynasty (918–1392), Unidentified artist (first half of the 14th century), Korea, Hanging scroll; gold and color on silk (29.160.32)
Kumano shrine mandala, Nanbokucho period, early 14th century, Japan, Hanging scroll: ink, color, and gold on silk (2006.521)
A Long Tale for an Autumn Night (Aki no yonaga monogatari), Nanbokucho period, late 14th century, Japan, Scroll two from a set of three handscrolls; ink, color, and gold on paper (2002.459.1–3), A Long Tale for an Autumn Night (Aki no yonaga monogatari), Nanbokucho period, late 14th century, Japan, Ink and color on paper (2005.312)
Lotus Sutra, Heian period, 12th century, Japan, Gold on indigo-dyed paper (65.216.1)
Lunette with Buddha surrounded by adorants, 5th–6th century, Hadda, Afghanistan, Stucco (2005.314)
Mandala of Chandra (God of the Moon), late 14th–early 15th century, Nepal, Distemper on cloth (1981.465)
Mandala of Jnanadakini , late 14th century, Tibet (a Sakya monastery), Distemper on cloth (1987.16)
Manjuvajra Mandala, Pala period (ca. 700–1200), 11th century, Bangladesh or India (West Bengal), Black stone (57.51.6)
Manuscript cover with scenes from Kalidasa's play, Shakuntala, 12th century, Nepal, Ink and color on wood (L.1985.42.28)
Manuscript cover with Vishnu flanked by Lakshmi and Sarasvati, 14th century Nepal Distemper on wood (1986.494.2)
Miniature pagoda, early Nara period, ca. 767, Japan, Wood (1975.268.150ab)
The Miracle of Shravasti, Mon-Dvaravati period, 7th–9th century, Thailand, Terracotta (1990.311)
Model of a stupa (Buddhist shrine), ca. 4th century, Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Bronze (1985.387ab)
Noh costume (nuihaku) with scattered crests, Edo period, late 18th–early 19th century, Japan, Silk embroidery and gold leaf on silk satin (29.100.541)
Pair of manuscript covers with Buddhist deities, late 11th century, Nepal, Distemper on wood (1976.192.1-2)
Panel from a Buddhist ritual crown, late 13th–early 14th century, Tibet, Distemper on wood (1997.152)
Panjara Mahakala, late 14th–early 15th century, Tibet, Steatite with color and gilding (L.1994.6.5)
Paramasukha-Chakrasamvara Mandala, ca. 1100, Nepal, Distemper on cloth (1995.233)
Pensive Bodhisattva, Three Kingdoms period, mid-7th century, Korea, Gilt bronze (2003.222)
Plaque with scenes from the life of the Buddha, Pala or Pagan period, 12th century, India or Burma. Mudstone (1982.233)
Portrait of a lama, last quarter of 11th century Tibet (a Kadampa monastery) Distemper on cloth (1991.152)
Portrait of an abbot, ca. 1350 Tibet (a Kagyu monastery) Distemper on cloth (1991.304)
Portrait of Atisha, ca. 1100, Tibet (a Kadampa monastery), Distemper on cloth (1993.479)
Portrait of Jnanatapa surrounded by lamas and mahasiddhas, ca. 1350, Tibet, Riwoche Monastery, Distemper on cloth (1987.144)
Portrait of Seosan Daesa (Cheonghodang, 1520–1604), Joseon dynasty, 17th century, Unidentified artist, Korea, Hanging scroll, ink and color on silk (59.19)
Reliquary (?) with scenes from the life of the Buddha, ca. 10th century, India (Jammu and Kashmir, ancient kingdom of Kashmir) or Pakistan, Bone with traces of color and gold paint (1985.392.1)
Ritual Cabinet,18th century, Tibet, Lacquer and gilt on wood with metal additions (L.1993.88.1)
Ritual Censer, 15th–16th century, Tibet, Iron with gold inlay (1987.416.2)
Ritual Sword, ca. 15th century Tibet Steel with gold and silver inlays (1985.397)
Roundel with Karma Lineage, 16th century, Tibet, Ivory (2003.495)
Scroll 8 of Collected Iconography (Zuzōshō): Myōō (Vidyārāja), Heian period, late 12th century, Japan, Handscroll; ink and light color on paper (1975.268.6)
Seated Amitayus, 17th–18th century, Mongolia, Gilt bronze (1992.193.1)
Seated arhat (Buddhist saint), 14th century, Tibet, Stone with color (1994.93)
Seated Avalokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Infinite Compassion, Anuradhapura period, ca. late 7th–first half of 8th century, Sri Lanka, Bronze (1987.142.65)
Seated bodhisattva, Yuan dynasty, late 13th–early 14th century; Qingbai ware, China, Probably from kilns in the vicinity of Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province, Porcelain with relief decoration under bluish white glaze (51.166)
Seated Buddha Akshobhya (?), the Imperturbable Buddha of the East, 9th–10th century, Tibet, Gilt copper (1995.106)
Seated Buddha Amoghasiddhi, the Transcendent Buddha of the North, late 10th–early 11th century, India (Himachal Pradesh, ancient kingdoms of Tibet), Silver and bronze with copper inlay and traces of gold foil (1984.211)
Seated Buddha, 15th century; Sukhothai style, Thailand, Bronze (2002.131)
Seated Buddha, 8th–early 9th century, Burma; Pyu kingdom, Bronze (2006.53)
Seated Crowned and jeweled Buddha, Pala period, late 10th century; Kurkihar style, Bihar, India, Bronze with silver, lapis lazuli, and rock-crystal inlays (1993.311 ab)
Seated Transcendent Buddha Vairochana, Central Javanese period, ca. late 9th century, Indonesia, Java, Bronze (1987.142.23)
Segment of a Daihokobutsu Kegongyo (Avatamsaka Sutra), Nara period, ca. 744, Unidentified artist, Japan, Silver ink on indigo paper (1981.75)
Shadakshari Lokeshvara with Deities and Monks, late 15th century, Tibet, Distemper and gold on cloth (1985.390.3)
Sixteen Luohans, Ming dynasty, dated 1591, Wu Bin, China, Handscroll; ink and color on paper (1986.266.4)
The Sixth Patriarch of Zen at the Moment of Enlightenment, Edo period, 1635–45, Kano Tan'yu (Japanese), Ink on paper (2006.174)
Standing Amoghapasa Lokeshvara, 14th–15th century, Nepal, Wood with traces of gesso and color (1982.247)
Standing bodhisattva, 8th–9th century, Nepal, Gilt copper alloy (1981.59)
Standing Brahma, Angkor period, ca. first quarter of 10th century; Khmer style of the Bakheng, Cambodia, Stone (36.96.3)
Standing Buddha Offering Protection, late 5th century, India (Uttar Pradesh, Mathura), Red sandstone (1979.6)
Standing Buddha, 8th–9th century; Mon style, Thailand, Bronze with high tin content, or silver alloy (1993.387.6)
Standing Buddha, ca. late 6th century, Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Bronze (1981.188ab)
Standing Buddha, Pagan period, 12th–13th century, Burma, Bronze with silver inlay (1993.235.1)
Standing Buddha, Polonnaruva period, 11th–12th century, Sri Lanka, Gilt bronze (1993.387.8)
Standing Buddha, probably Shakyamuni, 5th–6th century, Andhra Pradesh or Tamil Nadu, India, Bronze (1998.414)
Standing Buddha, Unified Silla dynasty, 8th century, Korea, Gilt bronze (12.37.136)
Standing four-armed Avalokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Infinite Compassion, ca. 9th century; Peninsular or Shrivijaya style, Thailand, Bronze (1982.64)
Standing Parvati, Chola period, ca. first quarter of 10th century, Tamil Nadu, India, Copper alloy (57.51.3)
Standing Tara, 14th century, Nepal, Gilt copper alloy with color, inlaid with semiprecious stones (66.179)
Standing Vajrapani, Licchavi period, 6th–7th century, Nepal, Copper alloy (L.1993.51.5)
Statue of Kashyapa, Joseon dynasty, dated 1700, Korea, Wood with polychrome (42.25.8)
Stele with Buddha Dipankara (Randeng), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 489–495, Shanxi Province, China, Sandstone with pigment 65.29.3)
Taima mandala, Kamakura period, 12th–14th century, Unidentified artist, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk (57.156.6)
Tale of a Strange Marriage, Edo period, ca. 1858, Ukita Ikkei (Japanese), Handscroll; ink and color on paper (57.156.7)
Torso of a monumental bodhisattva, ca. 5th century; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, probably Sahri Bahlol workshop, Schist (1995.419)
Water-Moon Avalokiteshvara, Goryeo dynasty, first half of 14th century, Unidentified artist (first half of the 14th century), Korea, Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk (14.76.6)
Welcoming Descent of Amida and Twenty-five Bodhisattvas, Nanbokucho period, late 14th century, Unidentified artist, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk (42.25.37)
Yama, mid-17th–early 18th century, Tibet, Ink, distemper, and gold on cloth (69.71)
Yamantaka Mandala with imperial portraits, Yuan dynasty, 1330–1332, China, Silk tapestry (kesi) (1992.54)
Yong Zin Khon Shogpel: Seventh Abbot of Ngor Monastery (Sakya Sect), 16th century, Tibet, Distemper and gold on cloth (1971.189)
Zaō Gongen, Heian period, 11th century, Japan, Gilt bronze (1975.268.155)