Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Gold Leaf

Metalwork, Gold Leaf

Works of Art (79)

The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. 1500, Francesco Marmitta (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2491)
Aizen Myōō (Rāga-vidyārāja), Nanbokuchō period, 14th century, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk (66.90)
All Saints in an Initial E: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1430–40, Osservanza Master (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2484)
The American Star, ca. 1803, Frederick Kemmelmeyer (German), Oil and gold leaf on paper (62.256.7)
The Annunciation from a Book of Hours, ca. 1485–90, France (Tours), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2004.564)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial A: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–80, Cosmè Tura (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (11.50.1)
Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry, 1405–1408/9, Herman, Paul, and Jean Limbourg (Franco-Netherlandish), French; Made in Paris, Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum (54.1.1)

Bible, ca. 1250–1275, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment; leather binding (1997.320)
Bifolium, from a Manuscript of the Decretals of Gratian, ca. 1290, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment (1990.217)
Birds and Flowers of the Four Seasons, Momoyama period, early 17th century, Kano School, Japan, Pair of six-fold screens; color on gold-leafed paper (1987.342.1,2)
Bowl Base with Old and New Testament Scenes, ca. 350–400, Byzantine, said to have been found in 1715 in the Roman catacomb of Saint Callisto, Glass, gold leaf (16.174.2)
Bowl Base with Saints Peter and Paul Flanking a Column with the Christogram of Christ, made late 300s, Gold, glass leaf, Byzantine, from Rome (16.174.3)
Bowl Fragments with Menorah, Shofar, and Torah Ark, 4th century, Roman or Byzantine, Glass, gold leaf (18.145.1 ab)
Calligraphic composition in the shape of a peacock: Folio from the Bellini Album, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), ca. 1600, Turkey, Ink, watercolor, and gold on paper (67.266.7.8r)
Casket (cofanetto or scrigno), ca. 1570–90, Venice, Beech wood, partially gilded and painted rosewood veneer; gold powder, gold leaf, silver flakes, silver-gilt, bronze, and yellow metal (57.25ab)
Dainichi Nyorai (Mahā-vairochana), Heian period, 12th century, Japan, Wood with gold leaf and lacquer (26.118)
David Roentgen and Company in Saint Petersburg, 1784–86, Johann Friedrich Anthing (German, ca. 1753–1805), Cut paper, ink, watercolor, gold foil (48.73.1)
Descent from the Cross: Cutting from a Missal, ca. 1475–76, Girolamo da Cremona (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, laid down on wood (49.7.8)
Double page from a Divan (Anthology) of Sultan Husain Baiqara, 1500; Timurid, Calligraphy by Sultan cAli Mashhadi, Afghanistan (Herat), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1982.120.1)
Elephant Clock: Leaf from The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices by al-Jazari, Detached folio from an illustrated manuscript, 715 A.H. / 1315 A.D.; Mamluk, Abu’l Izz Ismacil al-Jazari, Author, Probably Syria, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (57.51.23)
Embroidered sampler, 1795, Mary Jones (American), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Silk and linen, with gold leaf, on linen (1984.331.22)
Falnama (The Book of Omens), Safavid period, 1550s, Iran, Qazvin, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (35.64.3)
Floral tent panel, Mughal period (1526–1858), ca. 1616–35, India, Silk, gold; cut velvet, painted (1981.321)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, 13th–14th century, Spain, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (42.63)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, ca. 1180, Eastern Iran or present-day Afghanistan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (29.160.23)
Folio from the "Blue Qur'an,", second half of 9th–mid-10th century,Tunisia, probably Qairawan, Gold and silver on indigo-dyed parchment (2004.88)
Four Gospels in Armenian, 1434–35, Attributed to Khach'atur of Khizan (Armenian), Armenia, Tempera and gold leaf on paper, stamped leather binding (2010.108)
The Goddess Bhairavi Devi with Shiva, ca. 1630–50, Attributed to Payag (Indian), Opaque watercolor and gold on paper (2011.409)
Holy Face, ca. 1485, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, trimmed and laid down on wood (1975.1.2486)
Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise: Leaf from the Breviary of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York, ca. 1467–70, Simon Marmion (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2477)
Hours of Francis I, 1539–40, Master of François de Rohan (French), Illuminated manuscript on parchment, bound in leather with gilt (2011.353)
Initial A with the Battle of the Maccabees, ca. 1360–70, Italy, probably Bologna, Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (23.21.4)
Initial R, with the Annunciation, from a Gradual, ca. 1300, German; Probably made at the convent of Sankt Katharinenthal, Lake Constance, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1982.175)
Jaharis Lectionary, ca. 1100, Byzantine (Constantinople), Tempera, ink, and gold leaf on parchment, leather binding (2007.286)
Leaf from a Manuscript of Valerius Maximus, ca. 1380, French, Made in Paris,, Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf (31.134.8)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1270–1290, French; Made in Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1981.322)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1290, Northeast French; Beauvais (?), Tempera and gold leaf, on parchment (1992.238)
Leaf from a Psalter: Initial D with Monks Singing, ca. 1495, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Italian; from the Olivetan monastery of Santa Maria in Organa, Verona, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (12.56.4)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, dated 1137, Iran, Ink, gold, and colors on paper (1996.294.1)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, late 9th–10th century, Possibly Syria, Ink, gold, and colors on vellum (30.45)
Leaf from a Qur’an, ca. 1250–1350, North Africa, Ink, colors, and gold on vellum (37.21)
Leaf from a Royal Manuscript, with Scenes from the Life of Saint Francis, ca. 1320–1342, Italian; Made in Bologna, for Hungarian use, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1994.516)
Leaf from Futuh al-Haramain (Description of the Two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), mid-16th century; Ottoman, Probably Turkey, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (32.131)
Leaf from the Epistle to the Hebrews, 12th century (1101), Byzantine; Found in Meteora, Greece (before 1898), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1991.232.15)
Leaf from the Hours of Étienne Chevalier: The Right Hand of God Protecting the Faithful against Demons, ca. 1452–60, Jean Fouquet (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2490)
Leaves from a Beatus Manuscript, ca. 1180, Spanish (Burgos, Castile-León), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment, metal leaf (1991.232.1–.14)
Liberty, 1800, China; made for the American market, Verre églomisé (46.67.85)
Man's robe (jama), 17th century, India, Deccan, Burhanpur or Hyderabad, Cotton, painted, with applied gold leaf (31.135)
Manuscript Illumination with the Evangelist Luke, late 13th–early 14th century, Byzantine, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2001.633)
Manuscript Leaf from a Choir Book, second half of 15th century, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine(?)), Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf (96.32.15)
Manuscript of the Apocalypse, 1320s, Normandy, Paint, gold, silver, and brown ink on vellum (68.174)
Martyrdom of Saint Agatha in an Initial D: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–73, Sano di Pietro (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2488)
Medallion with Portrait of Gennadios, 250–300, Roman, probably Alexandria, Gold glass; Diam. 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm) (26.258)
The Mi'raj, or, The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq: Folio from a Bustan of Sa'di, Safavid period (1501–1722), ca. 1525–35, Calligrapher: Sultan Muhammad Nur (ca. 1472–ca. 1536), Present-day Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, probably Bukhara and Herat, Ink, gold, and colors on paper (1974.294.2)
Moses Gill, ca. 1759, John Singleton Copley (American), Oil and gold leaf on copper (2006.1)
Mummy of the Chief Treasurer Ukhhotep (detail), Dynasty 12 (ca. 1991–1786 B.C.), Egyptian; From Meir, Wood, gold leaf, Egyptian alabaster, obsidian, and various organic materials (12.182.132)
Noh costume (nuihaku) with scattered crests, Edo period, late 18th–early 19th century, Japan, Silk embroidery and gold leaf on silk satin (29.100.541)
Noh costume (surihaku) with Chinese bellflowers, Edo period, 18th century, Japan, Gold and silver leaf on silk satin (32.30.5)
Noh costume (surihaku) with water, water plants, and leaves, Edo period, 19th century, Japan, Gold leaf on plain-weave silk (58.97.1)
The Old Plum, Edo period, ca. 1645, Attributed to Kano Sansetsu (Japanese), Four sliding door panels (fusuma); ink, color, gold leaf on paper (1975.268.48a-d)
Opening folio of Volume 26 of the "Anonymous Baghdad Qur'an", Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), A.H. 706 / A.D. 1306–7, Iraq, Baghdad, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (50.12)
Painted Cloth (Pichwai) Depicting the Celebration of the Festival of Cows, late 18th–early 19th century, India, Deccan, Painted and printed gold and silver leaf, opaque watercolor on indigo-dyed cotton (2003.177)
Pen box, late 17th–early 18th century, India, possibly Deccan or Kashmir, Lacquered papier-mâché with gold leaf (2002.416a,b)
Preparation of Medicine from Honey: Leaf from an Arabic translation of the Materia Medica of Dioscorides, dated 1224, Iraq, Baghdad School, Colors and gold on paper (13.152.6)
Psalter and Hours of Bonne de Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy, before 1349, Probably Jean Le Noir, his daughter Bourgot, and his workshop, French (Paris), Tempera, grisaille, ink, and gold leaf on vellum (69.86)
Psalter, late 12th century, Byzantine, Tempera, black ink, gold leaf on parchment with paper endpapers (2001.730)
Ptah, Third Intermediate Period, ca. 1070–712 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze, gold leaf, and glass (2009.175)
Roundel with the Buddhist goddess Hariti, ca. 1st century A.D.; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Silver, gold foil (1981.460.2)
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florentine, ca. 1406–1469), Tempera and gold on wood (1975.1.70b)
Saint Mark the Evangelist and Saint Sinibaldus Venerated by Members of a Lay Confraternity: Leaf from a Mariegola, ca. 1425–34, Cristoforo Cortese (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2468)
Saints Procopius and Adalbert, 1340–50, Bohemian, Prague, Tempera and gold leaf on panel (2013.272)
Seated Buddha, 1st–mid-2nd century A.D.; Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Bronze with traces of gold leaf (2003.593.1)
Shield, ca. 1535, Attributed to Girolamo da Treviso (Italian), Italian (probably Bologna), Wood, linen, gesso, gold leaf, polychromy (42.50.16)
Stole with Images of the Martyrdom of Saint Catherine, ca. 1200, German (Rhineland) or English, Red silk, linen underlay, crimson silk tabby, metal threads (strips of gold and silver leaf wrapped on linen thread) (64.101.1382)
Tiraz fragment from an ikat shawl, Ziyadid period (818–1018), late 9th–early 10th century, Yemen, Cotton, ink, and gold, plain weave, resist dyed (ikat), painted, inscription: black ink and gold leaf, painted (29.179.9)
Two Leaves from a Book of Hours, Representing the Annunciation, 1465, Master of Charles of France, French (Bourges), Tempera and gold leaf on vellum (58.71a,b)
Wakamiya of the Kasuga Shrine, Kamakura period, 13th century, Unidentified artist, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold leaf on silk (1997.113)
Women Bathing by Moonlight: Folio from the Davis Album, 18th century, India, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (30.95.174.23)
Yazdegird I Kicked to Death by the Water Horse: Folio from the Shahnama (Book of Kings), Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), ca. 1300–1330, Northwestern Iran or Baghdad, Ink, opaque watercolor, silver, and gold on paper (57.51.33)

Thematic Essays (67)