Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Object

Musical Instruments from Europe

Musical Instrument, Europe

Works of Art (130)

Allegory of Music, 1649, Laurent de La Hyre (French), Oil on canvas (50.189)
Alto Recorder in F, ca. 1700, Made by Johann Benedikt Gahn (German), Nuremberg, Germany, Ivory (89.4.909)
Alto Recorder, mid-18th century, Johann Wilhelm Oberlender the Elder (German), Nuremberg, Germany, Boxwood and horn (89.4.2208)
Alto Recorder, mid-18th century, Thomas Stanesby, Jr. (English), London, England, Boxwood (1982.390)
Amphora, ca. 490 B.C.; Classical; red-figure, Attributed to the Berlin Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (56.171.38)
Angeli Laudantes, 1898, Edward Burne-Jones (designer) (English); John Henry Dearle (designer) (British); Merton Abbey Tapestry Works (English), Merton, Surrey, England, Wool and silk weft on cotton warp (2008.8)
Archlute, 1725, David Tecchler (German, active Rome), Italy (Rome), Spruce, ebony, ivory, tortoiseshell, mother-of-pearl, various other materials (1988.87)
Arretine cup signed by Tigranes, ca. 25 B.C.–10 A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Terracotta (10.210.37)
Bass Viol, 18th century, Germany (1976.8.37)
Bass Viol, ca. 1600, John Rose (English), Wood (1989.44)
Bass viol, ca. 1640–65, England, Spruce and maple (2009.42)
Bass Viol, ca. 1669, Andreas Jais (Austrian), Wood (1988.365)
Bass viol, ca. 1680, Labeled Richard Meares (English), London, Spruce soundboard, maple back and sides (1982.324)
Bassoon, 1881, Giosue Esposito, Naples, Maple, nickel-silver (2003.150a–g)
The Batta-Piatigorsky Violoncello, 1714, Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Spruce, maple, ebony (L.2013.71a–g)
Bell krater, ca. 460 B.C.; Classical; red-figure, Attributed to the Danae Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (23.160.80)
Bell-krater, ca. 440 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to the Painter of London E 497, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (24.97.30)
The Blind Guitarist (El ciego de la guitarra), 18th century, Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish), Etching; working proof (22.63.29)
Bugle in C, 1811, Contractor: Thomas Key (British); Silversmith: William Trayls (English), London, Brass (1975.270)
Cittern (Hamburger Cithrinchen), ca. 1685, Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, ebony, other materials (1985.124)
Clarinet in B-flat, 1830, Charles Joseph Sax (Beligan), Maker, Brussels, Belgium, Ivory, brass (53.223)
Clarinet in D, 1750–70, Germany, Boxwood, brass (2010.185)
Clavichord, 1763, Christian Kintzing, Neuwied, Germany, Wood (1986.239)
Claviorganum, 1598, Made by Laurentium Hauslaib, Nuremberg, Germany, Wood and various materials (89.4.1191)
Column-krater, ca. 550 B.C.; black-figure, Attributed to Lydos, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (31.11.11)
Cornet à pistons in B-flat, 1833, Courtois frères, Paris, Brass, ivory (2002.190a–n)
Cornetto in A, 1570–80, Germany, Ivory, gold-plated brass or copper (52.96.1)
Dancers in the Rehearsal Room with a Double Bass, ca. 1882–85, Edgar Degas (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.127)
The Dissolute Household, ca. 1663–64, Jan Steen (Dutch), Oil on canvas (1982.60.31)
Division Viol, ca. 1720, School of Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, tortoise shell (89.4.956)
Double Virginal, 1581, Made by Hans Ruckers the Elder (Flemish), Antwerp, Flanders, Wood and various other materials (29.90)
Dvojnice, late 19th century, Bosnia, Wood (89.4.1589)
Fantastic Drawing of a Sculptor at Work on a Colossal Statue, Man Blowing a Trumpet, Carl August Ehrensvärd (Swedish), Pen and brown ink, gray wash, heightened with white, on gray paper (1992.229.1)
Fife, ca. 1780–90, Thomas Cahusac, Sr. (British), London, Maple, brass (2000.365)
Fortepiano, ca. 1838, Conrad Graf (Viennese, 1782–1851), Vienna, Austria, Oak, spruce, veneer, and walnut (2001.272)
Grand Piano with Double Keyboard, ca. 1940, Maker: Bösendorfer; Inventor: action by Emanuel Moor (1863–1931); Restorer/Conservator: Roman P. Mochernuk, Vienna, Austria, Various materials (L.48.4)
Grand Piano, 1720, Made by Bartolomeo Cristofori (Italian), Florence, Italy, Various materials (89.4.1219)
Grand piano, ca. 1790, Ferdinand Hofmann (Viennese, 1756–1829), Vienna, Austria, Wood and various materials (1984.34)
Grand piano, ca. 1790, Johann Schmidt (Austrian, active late 18th century), Salzburg, Austria, Various materials (89.4.3182)
Grand piano, ca. 1820, Joseph Böhm (Austrian, 1786–ca. 1850), Vienna, Austria, Wood and various materials (1982.138)
Grand piano, ca. 1840, Érard & Co., London, Wood, various materials (59.76)
Guitar and Still Life on a Guéridon, 1922, Georges Braque (French), Oil with sand on canvas (1979.481)
Guitar, 1697, Jean-Baptiste Voboam (French), Paris, Wood, tortoiseshell (1989.147)
Guitar, 1797, Benito Sánchez de Aguilera (Spanish), Madrid, Wood (1990.221)
Guitar, 1912, Manuel Ramírez (Spanish), Madrid, Wood (1986.353.2)
Guitar, 1937, Hermann Hauser (German), Germany (Munich), Wood (1986.353.1)
Guitar, ca. 1630–50, Attributed to Matteo Sellas (Italian), Venice, Wood, bone, various materials (1990.103)
Guitar, ca. 1695–99, Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, ebony (53.56.3)
Guitar, ca. 1780, Possibly Joseph de Frías (Spanish), Seville, Wood, various materials (1992.279)
Guitar, ca. 1835–40, Johann Anton Stauffer (Austrian), Vienna, Wood, various materials (1979.390)
Guitar, late 17th century, Attributed to Giacomo Ertel (German, active in Italy), Rome, Wood, various materials (1984.225)
Hardanger Fiddle, 1756, Isak N. Botnen/Skår (Norwegian) and Trond Isaksen Flatebø (Norwegian), Pine, birch, and other woods, bone, lignum vitae and mother-of-pearl inlay (46.34.7)
Harp-lute, ca. 1815, Edward Light (English), London, Wood, lacquered and gilded (50.184.1)
Harpo-lyre, ca. 1830, André Augustin Chevrier (French), Mirecourt (France), Wood (1992.117.1,.2)
Harpsichord, 1666, Girolamo Zenti, Rome, Italy, Wood and various materials (89.4.1220)
Harpsichord, ca. 1650, Made by Jan Couchet the Elder (Flemish), Antwerp, Flanders, Wood, various materials (89.4.2363)
Harpsichord, ca. 1675, Made by Michele Todini (Italian), Rome, Italy, Wood, various materials (89.4.2929)
Heroes Tapestry, ca. 1400–1410, South Netherlandish, Wool warp, wool wefts (32.130.3b, 47.101.1, 47.152)
Horn, ca. 1100–1200, South Italian, Ivory (17.190.218)
Hunting horn, ca. 1710–20, Jacob Schmid (German), Nuremberg, Brass (14.25.1623)
Hurdy-Gurdy Playing Satyr with a Sleeping Nymph, Master of 1515 (Italian [?]), Engraving with drypoint burr; plate (31.31.19)
Jane Avril, 1893, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Lithograph printed in five colors; machine wove paper (32.88.15)
Kendice, 1965, Josef Koudelka (Czech), Gelatin silver print (1995.362)
Kettle drums, 1779, Franz Peter Bunsen (German), Hannover, Silver, iron, calfskin (2010.138.1–.4)
Kylix, ca. 480 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to the Dokimasia Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (06.1021.188)
Leather Panel (Allegory of Music), ca. 1570–90, Northern France, Blind-stamped, embossed, molded, and incised leather on later wooden mount (2006.71)
Lebes gamikos (wedding vase), ca. 430–420 B.C.; Classical, Attributed to the Washing Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (07.286.35a,b)
Lekythos, ca. 480 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to the Brygos Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (24.97.28)
Lira, ca. 1890, Greece, Wood, tortoiseshell, ivory (2003.378)
The Lute Player, ca. 1626, Valentin de Boulogne (French), Oil on canvas (2008.459)
Lute, 1596; converted into a guitar, 19th century, Made by Sixtus Rauchwolff, Germany, Spruce, ebony, and rosewood (89.2.157)
Lute, 1669, Pietro Railich, Padua, Snakewood, ebony, spruce (2008.3)
Lute, late 16th century, Attributed to Wendelin Tieffenbrucker, Padua, Yew, spruce, ebony, maple (1989.13)
Lyre-guitar, early 19th century (ca. 1805), Pons fils (probably a son of César Pons), Paris, France,Mahogany and spruce (1998.121)
Madame Charles Simon Favart (Marie Justine Benoîte Duronceray, 1727–1772), 1757, François Hubert Drouais (French), Oil on canvas (17.120.210)
Madonna and Child with Saints, altarpiece, ca. 1520, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Tempera and oil on canvas (20.92)
Mandolino, ca. 1710–20, Attributed to Giovanni Smorsone (Italian), Rome, Ebony, ivory, rosewood, mother-of-pearl (2008.2a,b)
Mandora or chitarino, ca. 1420, Northern Italy (Milan?), Boxwood and rosewood (64.101.1409)
Mandora, 1726, Gregori Ferdinand Wenger, Augsburg, Maple, spruce, ebony (89.4.3140)
Merry Company on a Terrace, ca. 1673–75, Jan Steen (Dutch), Oil on canvas (58.89)
Mezzetin, ca. 1718–20, Jean Antoine Watteau (French), Oil on canvas (34.138)
Minerva and the Muses, mid-16th century, Emilian (?) school, Etching and drypoint (27.78.2[99])
Musette, end of 17th century, French, Ivory, silver, leather, silk, wood, and paper (2003.63a–d)
Musical clock with spinet and organ, ca. 1625, Veit Langenbucher (German); Samuel Bidermann (German), Augsburg, Germany, Ebony, various wood and metals, wire, parchment, leather (2002.323a–f)
A Musical Party, 1659, Gabriël Metsu (Dutch), Oil on canvas (91.26.11)
A Musician and His Daughter, 1629, Thomas de Keyser (Dutch), Oil on wood (64.65.4)
The Musician, 1662, Bartholomeus van der Helst (Dutch), Oil on canvas (73.2)
The Musicians, ca. 1595, Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi) (Italian, Lombard), Oil on canvas (52.81)
Natural Trumpet, late 17th century, Johann Wilhelm Haas (Swiss), Nürnberg, Germany, Brass (89.4.2375)
Nicolo Paganini, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French), Counterproof strengthened with graphite and white chalk on paper (43.85.10)
One-handled kantharos, ca. 500 B.C.; Archaic, Attributed to the Class of the One-Handled Kantharoi, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (63.11.4)
Orpheus and Eurydice, ca. 1505–6, Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian), Engraving (56.581.12)
Pair of cymbals, Classical, 5th–4th century B.C., Greek, Peloponnesian, Bronze, Inscribed in Greek: of Kallisthenia (13.225.5a,b)
Pardessus de Viole, ca. 1740, Nicholas Chappuy (French), Wood (2006.504)
Pendant Shaped Like a Beetle with a Couple and a Young Man Playing an Instrument, 1619, Jean I Toutin (French), Blackwork and engraving (23.84.15)
Positive organ, 17th century, Germany, Woods, metal alloys, leather, and various materials (1978.6)
Psykter, ca. 520–510 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to Oltos, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (10.210.18)
Rectangular Octagonal Virginal, ca. 1600, Augsburg (?), Wood and various materials (89.4.1778)
Regal, 1575, Labeled: "Georg Vell" (Voll), Nuremberg, Germany, Wood, metal (89.4.2883)
Seated woman playing a kithara: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.5)
Seven String Bass Viol, 1720, Nicolas Bertrand (French), Wood (89.4.1343)
Side drum, 1694–1733, Signed: Unger, Dresden, Saxony, Copper alloy, wood, various materials (14.25.1618)
Soprano Recorder, ca. 1700, Thomas Boekhout (Dutch), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Ebony and ivory (89.4.912)
Spinetta with Case, 1540, Unknown Maker, Venice, Italy, Wood and various other materials (53.6ab)
Standard Bearer and Drummer, 1544, Hans Sebald Beham (German), Engraving (41.1.90)
Statue of a draped seated man, Republican or Early Imperial, 1st century B.C., Roman, Marble (09.221.4)
Statuette of a seated harp player, ca. 2800–2700 B.C.; late Early Cycladic I–Early Cycladic II, Cycladic, Marble (47.100.1)
Statuette of Cybele on a cart drawn by lions, Imperial, second half of 2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (97.22.24),
Studiolo from the Ducal Palace in Gubbio, ca. 1479–82, Possibly designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Italian, Sienese); Executed by Giuliano da Maiano (Italian), Made in Gubbio, Italy, Walnut, beech, rosewood, oak, and fruitwoods on walnut base (39.153)
Table cover with story of Gombaut and Macée, ca. 1600, French, Wool and silk on canvas (54.7.1)
Tenor Oboe, ca. 1730, Johann Wolfgang Köningsperger (German (Bavarian)), Stained pearwood, brass (2011.416)
Tenor Recorder in C, end of 16th century, Germany (?), Maple (89.4.3133)
Tenor recorder, ca. 1600, Bassano Workshop, Venice or London, Boxwood (2010.205)
Treble Viol, 1726, Jean Ouvrard (French), Wood (89.4.946)
Two Young Girls at the Piano, 1892, Auguste Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (1975.1.201)
Venus and the Lute Player, ca. 1565–70, Titian and Workshop (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (36.29)
Viol, 1692, Barak Norman (English), Wood (1990.223)
Viola d'amore, 18th century, Johannes Florenus Guidantus (Italian), Bologna, Italy, Spruce, maple (2009.41)
Violetta, 1701, Giovanni Grancino (Italian), Milan, Spruce, maple, ebony, bone (2008.1)
Violin, 1669, Nicolò Amati (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Spruce, maple, other woods (1974.229)
Violin, 1693, Made by Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Wood (55.86a-c)
Violin, ca. 1560, Andrea Amati (Italian), Italy (Cremona), Maple, spruce, various other materials (1999.26)
Violin, ca. 1625, England or Germany, Wood (1990.7)
Violin, ca. 1685, Joachim Tielke (German), Wood (1992.333)
Violin: "The Antonius," 1711,Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Maple, spruce, ebony (34.86.1)
Violin: "The Francesca", 1694, Antonio Stradivari (Italian), Cremona, Italy, Maple, spruce, ebony (34.86.2)
Violoncello Head, ca. 1670–80, School of Joachim Tielke (German), Maple (1998.458)
Walking-Stick Flute/Oboe, ca. 1750–57, Georg Henrich Scherer (German), Germany (Butzbach), Narwhal tusk, ivory, gilt brass (2006.86a–c)
A Woman Playing the Theorbo-Lute and a Cavalier, ca. 1658, Gerard ter Borch, the Younger (Dutch), Oil on wood (14.40.617)
Woman with a Lute, ca. 1662–63, Johannes Vermeer (Dutch), Oil on canvas (25.110.24)