Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique


Metalwork, Copper

Works of Art (136)

Jain Siddha Bahubali, Entwined with Forest Vines, late 6th–7th century, India (Karnataka), Copper Alloy (1987.142.339)
Steelyard Weight with a Bust of a Byzantine Princess, 400–450, Early Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire), Copper alloy, lead (1980.416ab)
Aeneas Erects a Tomb to His Nurse Caieta and Flees the Country of Circe, ca. 1530–35, Master of the Aeneid (French, Limoges), Enamel, painted and partly gilded, on copper (88.3.85)
Anthropomorph, ca. 1500 B.C., India, Uttar Pradesh, Copper (L.1985.42.3)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Crowned Centaur Fighting a Dragon, 1200–1225, German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (10.37.2)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Dragon, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (47.101.51)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Falconer on Horseback, 13th century, North German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (47.101.55)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Griffin, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (1975.1.1413)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Horse, ca. 1400, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (10.13.4a)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (52.24.1)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy, glass inlay (47.101.52)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Unicorn, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (64.101.1493)
Aquamanile in the Form of Samson and the Lion, late 14th century, German, Copper alloy (1975.1.1412)
Armor (yoroi), Late Kamakura period, early 14th century, Japanese, Lacquered iron and leather, silk, stenciled leather, copper-gilt (14.100.121)
Armorial Gemellion, third quarter of 13th century, Limoges, France, Copper, engraved and gilded, champlevé enamel (49.56.8)
Axe, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Luba, Songye, Iron, copper, wood (1978.412.370)
Base for a Cross, 1000–1100, Byzantine, probably Constantinople or Asia Minor, Copper alloy (62.10.8)
Base of a ewer with Zodiac medallions, Seljuq period, first half of 13th century, Iran, Brass; engraved, inlaid with silver and copper (91.1.530)
Belt Ornament, 2nd–7th century, Peru; Moche, Copper (1987.394.595)
Between Earth and Heaven, 2006, El Anatsui (Ghanaian), Aluminum, copper wire (2007.96)
The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara Seated in Royal Ease, Angkor period, late 10th–early 11th century, Cambodia, Copper alloy, silver inlay (1992.336)
Bow Brooch with Disk, early 700s, Vendel, Copper alloy with mercury gilding and garnet (47.100.25 ab)
Bowl, 1899, Louis Comfort Tiffany (American); Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company (Stourbridge Glass Company) (51.121.29)
Bracelets and Necklace, 11th–16th century, Mali; Jennenke, Copper alloy (1998.480.6,8;1999.486.6)
Brooch in the Form of a Bird of Prey, 500–600, Vendel; made in Scandinavia, Copper alloy with silver overlay (1991.308)
Brooch in the Form of a Winged Insect, 4th century, Eastern Germanic, Copper alloy (1993.263)
Brooch in the Shape of a Horse, 7th–6th century B.C.; Iron Age, Halstatt period, Copper alloy (1992.107)
Brooch in the Shape of a Panther, 100–300, Roman, Copper alloy with silver and niello inlays (47.100.18)
Brooch, 600–700, Copper alloy with gilding (53.48.6)
Ceremonial arrowheads, 1437–39
Bohemian, possibly Prague, Steel, engraved and inlaid with copper alloy, (66.199; 1984.17; 1988.170)
Ceremonial Knife (tumi), 10th–15th century, Peru; Chimú, Copper (1987.394.216)
Chariot Mount with Three Figures, 300–500, Late Roman or Byzantine; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy (47.100.42)
Chariot Trappings, 200–400, Provincial Roman, perhaps Thrace, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (2000.505a-o)
Chasse with the Crucifixion and Christ in Majesty, ca. 1180–90, Made in Limoges, France, Copper: engraved, chiseled, stippled, and gilt; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, dark and light green, yellow, red, and white; wood core, painted red on exterior (17.190.514)
Child Saint Sambandar, Chola period (880–1279), late 11th century, India (Tamil Nadu), Copper alloy (2010.230)
Chrismatory, ca. 1200–1220, Limoges, Copper: engraved, chased, and gilt; champlevé enamel: lapis and lavender blue, turquoise, light and dark green, red, and white (17.190.853)
Circular Pendant, 700–800, Viking, probably Gotland, Gilded copper alloy (1984.300)
Cross-hilt sword, 1600–1625, England (London) and Germany (Solingen), Iron, silver, wood, copper alloy, steel, and gold (2010.165)
Crozier with Serpent Devouring a Flower, ca. 1200–1220, French, made in Limoges, Gilded copper; champlevé enamel; glass cabochons (17.190.833)
Dagger with Zoomorphic Hilt, second half 16th century, India, Deccan, Bijapur or Golconda, Hilt: copper, cast, chased, gilded, and inlaid with rubies. Blade: steel, forged (2011.236)
Dancing four-armed Ganesha, 16th–17th century Nepal Gilt copper alloy (1992.384)
End of the Trail, 1918; this cast, by 1919, James Earle Fraser (American), Copper alloy (2010.73)
Enthroned Jina, probably Neminatha, late 7th century, India (Gukarat, Akota), Copper alloy (2008.279)
Eucharistic Dove, ca. 1215–1235, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.344)
Fibula, Late Bronze Age, 1100–1000 B.C., Central Europe, Copper alloy (2007.498.1a,b)
Field flask, 17th century; Ottoman, Turkey, Copper, gilded (1984.100)
Fierce Manjushri, the Bodhisattva of Transcendent Wisdom, 10th century, Nepal, Gilt copper alloy with color and gold paint (1982.220.13)
Figure of a lion, first half of 1st millennium B.C., Anatolia or Syria, Copper alloy (2002.457a,b)
Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Copper alloy (1979.206.41)
Finial from a Ritual Staff (Tungkot Malehat), 19th–early 20th century, Toba Batak people, Sumatra, Indonesia, Copper alloy, resin (1988.143.141)
Flintlock Sporting Gun of Empress Margarita Teresa, ca. 1670–73, Jacques Lamarre (French), Steel, wood, silver, copper alloy, gold (2011.354)
Forms in Space, 1927, John Storrs (American), Stainless steel and copper (67.238)
Goddess Durga as Slayer of the Buffalo-Demon Mahisha (Mahishasuramardini), 14th–15th century, Nepal, Gilt copper alloy, inlaid with semiprecious stones (1986.498)
Godfroy de Bouillon, ca. 1541, Colin Nouailher (French), after a woodcut by Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen (Netherlandish), Enamel, painted and partly gilded on copper (1993.65.4)
The Golden Age, 1605, Joachim Wtewael (Netherlandish), Oil on copper (1993.333)
Hand-and-half sword, ca. 1400–1430, Probably Germany, Steel and copper alloy (2006.564)
Harness Decoration, 100–300, Celtic or Roman, Copper alloy (48.154.5)
Head defense for a horse (shaffron), 15th–17th century, Tibetan or Mongolian, Iron, leather, and brass or copper alloy (1997.242d)
Head of a goddess, probably Mut, for attachment to a processional barque(?), Third Intermediate Period–Kushite Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 700 B.C., Egypt, Cupreous alloy, gilding, formerly inlaid (2008.353)
Head of a ruler, ca. 2300–2000 B.C., Iran or Mesopotamia, Arsenical copper (47.100.80)
Headrest, 19th–20th century, Uganda; Karimoja peoples, Wood, copper, pigment (1978.412.643)
Horse Bridle or Belt Ornaments, Gilt copper or copper alloy and cloisonné enamel (17.190.962a-j)
Inkwell with twelve Zodiac medallions, Seljuq period, late 12th–early 13th century, Iran, Brass, cast, inlaid with silver and copper (44.131)
Inkwell with Zodiac signs, Seljuq period, early 13th century, Probably Iran, Brass; cast, inlaid with silver, copper, and black compound (59.69.2a,b)
Jardinière, ca. 1878, Émile Reiber (French), Partially electrogilded copper, silver plated with black patina on red patina background, bronze patina with gold highlights, painted canvas (1991.88a,b)
Julius Caesar, ca. 1541, Couly II Nouailher (French, Limoges), Enamel, painted and partly gilded, on copper (28.217.2)
The Lamentation, 1603, Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri) (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on copper (2008.72)
Lamp, ca. 1912–15, Dirk Van Erp (American, born Netherlands), San Francisco, California, Copper, mica (1989.129)
Landscape with Moses and the Burning Bush, 1610–16, Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri) (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on copper (1976.155.2)
Lion mask door pull, ca. 1425–50, Germany; Nuremberg, Copper alloy (2007.20)
Lunette Spearhead, 1200–800 B.C.; Bronze Age, British, Copper alloy (1998.540.1)
Lyre-Shaped Belt Buckle, 600–700, Visigothic, Copper alloy (1990.193.3 ab)
Madonna and Child with Saints, 1607, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on copper (2007.330)
The Man of Sorrows, mid-14th century, Central Italy, Gilt copper, champlevé enamel (1982.480)
Matchlock musket, 19th century, Tibetan, Iron, wood, leather, brass, and copper (36.25.2174)
Mirror of Reniseneb, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12–13, ca. 1810–1700 B.C., Egyptian; from Upper Egypt, Thebes, el-Asasif, pit tomb CC 25, burial of Reniseneb, on chest of mummy, Carnarvon/Carter excavations, 1910, Unalloyed copper, gold, ebony (26.7.1351)
Morse, with Saint Francis of Assisi Receiving the Stigmata, 1300–1325, Italian; Made in Tuscany, Copper gilt, with champlevé enamel (1979.498.2)
Moses Gill, ca. 1759, John Singleton Copley (American), Oil and gold leaf on copper (2006.1)
Mount, 100–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with champlevé enamel (47.100.6)
Multiplate helmet of thirty-two lames, possibly 14th–16th century, Mongolian or Tibetan, Iron, silver, gold, and brass or copper alloy (2005.146)
Openwork stamp seals, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Central Asia (Bactria-Margiana), Copper alloy (1984.4)
Ornamental mask, 1st–3rd century, Peru; Moche, Silvered copper, shell (1980.563.18)
Oval Brooch, 900–1000, Viking; Made in Scandinavia, Copper alloy with gilding (1982.323.1)
Pair of Brooches, 400–600, Ostrogothic, found in Kerch, Ukraine, Copper alloy overlaid with silver (98.11.107-8)
Pair of candlesticks, ca. 1560–70, Master IC (French, Limoges), Painted enamel on copper, partly gilded (39.66.1,2)
Pair of earflares with condors, 2nd–3rd century, Peru; Moche, Gold, silver, gilt copper, shell (1979.206.1245,.1246)
Pair of Jeweled Bracelets, 500–700, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Gold, silver, pearl, amethyst, sapphire, glass, quartz, and emerald plasma (17.190.1670, 1671)
Pair of Vases, 1890–1900, Made by Frank Lloyd Wright (American), Copper (1985.212.1,2)
Parade helmet, possibly early 17th century, Turkish, Gilt copper (1995.68)
Plaque with Personification of the Moon, 860–90, Southern France, Copper alloy, iron, and cloisonné enamel (17.190.688)
Plateau, 1790–95, Benjamin Halsted (American), New York, Silver, copper, glass (2007.471.1)
Platter with Fish, 300–500, Late Roman; Made in Gaul, possibly found in Grand, northwestern France, Copper alloy with tin overlay (47.100.30)
Quatrefoil Plaque with Angels, second quarter of 13th century, French (Limoges), Champlevé enamel, copper (17.190.811)
Ram head for attachment, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–25, ca. 1070–664 B.C., Egypt, Leaded bronze, precious metal leaf, copper alloy inlay in eye rims (45.2.9)
Reliquary Bust of Saint Juliana, ca. 1376, Circle of Giovanni di Bartolo (Italian, Sienese), Italian, Copper, gilding, gesso, and tempera paint (61.266)
Reliquary Cross with Saint George, 800–1200, Byzantine, Copper alloy (2000.526.2)
Ring with Equestrian Figure, 19th–20th century, Mali; Dogon peoples, Copper alloy (1981.425.1)
Round Box Brooch, 1000–1100, Viking; Made in Gotland, Sweden, Copper alloy with silver and niello inlays (1982.323.2)
Round Box Brooch, 700–900, Viking; Made in Gotland, Sweden, Copper alloy (1992.59.1)
Rowel Spur, ca. 1400, Spanish, Catalan, Copper, gold, and enamel (14.25.1737)
Saint John the Baptist Bearing Witness, ca. 1600–1602, Annibale Carracci (Italian), Oil on copper (2009.252)
Scarab ring, Dynasty 12 (ca. 1981–1802 B.C.), Egyptian, Amethyst, copper (10.130.910)

Scarab with the name of Hatshepsut, early Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian, Glazed steatite (27.3.206)

Heart scarab of Ruru, Dynasty 18–20 (ca. 1550–1070 B.C.), Egyptian, Dark green stone (10.130.1650)

Naturalistic scarab, Late Period–Ptolemaic Period (ca. 688–30 B.C.), Egyptian, Alabaster (15.43.136)
Seated Buddha Akshobhya (?), the Imperturbable Buddha of the East, 9th–10th century, Tibet, Gilt copper (1995.106)
Seated Buddha Expounding the Dharma, Late Anuradhapura period, late 8th century, Sri Lanka, Copper alloy (2009.60)
Shepherd's crook, ca. 2000–1900 B.C.; Early Cypriot III, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Copper-based metal (74.51.5570)
Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja), Chola period, ca. 11th century, Tamil Nadu, India, Copper alloy (1987.80.1)
Shiva seated with Uma (Uma-Maheshvaramurti), 11th century, Nepal, Copper alloy (1987.218.1)
Side drum, 1694–1733, Signed: Unger, Dresden, Saxony, Copper alloy, wood, various materials (14.25.1618)
Sideboard, ca. 1795–1805, Philadelphia or Baltimore, Mahogany, satinwood, silver, copper, verre églomisé with yellow poplar, white pine, mahogany (45.77)
Sistrum of the Chantress Tapenu, Third Intermediate Period–Late Period, ca. 1070–343 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze or copper alloy (68.44)
Six-Sided Container, 200–300, Roman; Probably made in Gaul, Copper alloy with millefiore enamel (47.100.7)
Smallsword, ca. 1655–60, French, probably Paris, Iron, gold, wood, copper alloy, steel (2011.63)
Spearhead, 12th century B.C.; Late Bronze Age, Cypriot, Copper-based metal (74.51.5283)
Staff: Female Figure, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Luba, Wood, copper, metal, iron (1978.412.646)
Staff: Seated Male Figure, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon or Bozo, Copper alloy (cast) (1975.306)
Standard with two long-horned bulls, 2400–2000 B.C.; Early Bronze Age III, North central Anatolia, Arsenical copper (55.137.5)
Standing Bodhisattva Maitreya, the Buddha of the Future, 9th–10th century, Nepal, Copper alloy with gilding and color (1982.220.12)
Standing Vajrapani, Licchavi period, 6th–7th century, Nepal, Copper alloy (L.1993.51.5)
Standing Vishnu, 10th century Nepal Gilt copper alloy (1986.501.8)
Standing warrior, late 3rd millennium B.C., Levant, Copper (1989.281.9)
Statuette of a panther, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Bronze, copper, silver, niello (07.261)
Statuette of a Personification of a City, 300–500, Late Roman or Byzantine, Copper alloy (47.100.40)
Statuette of Wadjet in the Name of Akanosh, Son of Pediamenopet, Third Intermediate Period–Kushite Period or later, Dynasty 21–25, ca. 1070–664 B.C. or later, Egyptian, Copper alloy (35.9.2)
Stirrup, 975–1075, Anglo-Scandinavian, possibly from southern England, Iron inlaid with copper alloy (47.100.23)
Striding horned demon, ca. 3000 B.C., Mesopotamia or Iran, Arsenical copper (2007.280)
Svetambara Enthroned Jina, with Attendant Yaksha and Yakshi, ca. second half of the 11th century, India (Gujarat), Copper alloy inlaid with silver and copper (1992.124.1)
Sword pommel with the arms of Pierre de Dreux (ca. 1190–1250), Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, ca. 1240–50, French, Copper, gold, enamel, iron (38.60)
Sword, 10th century, European (possibly Scandinavian), Steel, copper, silver (55.46.1)
Sword, mid-1st century B.C.; Late Iron Age (La Tène), Celtic, Iron blade, copper alloy hilt and scabbard (1999.94a-d)
Tall clock, ca. 1900, Charles Rohlfs (American), Oak, copper (1985.261)
Terret (Rein Guide), 1st century A.D., Celtic; Britain, Copper alloy, with champlevé enamel (1988.79)
Torque (Neck Ring), ca. 600 B.C.; Late Bronze Age, Scandinavian, Copper alloy (1987.395)
Turtle Amulet (Yawiige), 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Copper alloy (1978.412.498)
Vase, 3rd century, Provincial Roman, Champlevé enamel, copper alloy (47.100.5)
Wine container (hu), Eastern Zhou dynasty, Spring and Autumn period, early 5th century B.C., China, Bronze inlaid with copper (1999.46ab)
Wisteria Dining Room, 1910–14, Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer (French); made by Édouard-Louis Collet (Swiss), Walnut and amaranth veneer, marble; brass, copper, mirror glass (66.244.1–.2a–e,.9ab,.10ab)