Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Bronze from Europe

Metalwork, Bronze, Europe

Works of Art (158)

Adam, modeled in 1880; this bronze case in 1910, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze (11.173.1)
Apollo, ca. 1595–97, Adriaen de Vries (Netherlandish), Bronze (41.190.534)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Crowned Centaur Fighting a Dragon, 1200–1225, German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (10.37.2)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Dragon, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (47.101.51)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Falconer on Horseback, 13th century, North German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (47.101.55)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Griffin, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (1975.1.1413)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Horse, ca. 1400, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (10.13.4a)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Knight on Horseback, mid-13th century, German (Lower Saxony, probably Hildesheim), Copper alloy (64.101.1492)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (52.24.1)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy, glass inlay (47.101.52)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Unicorn, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (64.101.1493)
Aquamanile in the Form of Aristotle and Phyllis, late 14th century, South Lowlands, Copper alloy (1975.1.1416)
Aquamanile in the Form of Samson and the Lion, late 14th century, German, Copper alloy (1975.1.1412)
Astronomical Table Clock, second quarter of 16th century, German; Made in Augsburg, Case of gilt bronze and gilt brass; movement of gilt brass and steel (17.190.747)
Belt and clasp, late 5th–early 4th century B.C., Italic, Samnite, Bronze (08.3a,b)
Belt Buckle, 550–600, Visigothic, Copper alloy, cells inset with garnets, glass, lapis lazuli, and cuttlefish bone (1988.305 ab)
Box mirror with the head of Pan, late 4th century B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek, Bronze (25.78.44a-d)
The Bronze Age, also known as The Vanquished, modeled 1876, this bronze cast ca. 1906, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze (07.127)
Bronze footbath with stand, late 5th–early 4th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (38.11.5a,b)
Bronze hydria (water jar), 4th century B.C.; Classical, Greek, Bronze (44.11.9)
Bronze hydria (water jar), 5th century B.C.; Classical, Greek (06.1078)
Bronze hydria (water jar), late 7th–early 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (1995.92)
Bronze hydria (water jar), mid-5th century B.C.; Classical, Greek, Bronze (26.50)
Bronze kylix (drinking cup), 4th–3rd century B.C., Greek, Bronze (07.286.97)
Bronze oinochoe, mid-6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (1997.158)
Bronze pointed neck-amphora with stand, ca. 500–450 B.C., Greek, Bronze (2004.171a,b)
Bronze rod tripod stand, early 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (1997.145.1)
Bronze waterspout in the form of a lion mask, ca. 100 B.C.–100 A.D.; late Hellenistic or early Roman; Greco-Roman style, Greco-Roman; From Cyprus, Bronze (74.51.5677)
Buckle with Seated Couple, ca. 1200, South Netherlandish, Gilded bronze (47.101.48)
Buckle, Buckle, 2nd century B.C.; European Iron Age, Celto-Iberian; Spain, Leaded bronze, silver, iron (1990.62 ab)
The Burghers of Calais, modeled 1884–95; this bronze cast 1985, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze (1989.407)
Bust of John Paul Jones (1747–1792), 1903, after a model of 1781, After a model by Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French, Bronze (14.58.133)
Candlesticks, 1735–50, French (Paris), Gilt bronze (1999.370.1a,b,.2a,b)
Casket (cofanetto or scrigno), ca. 1570–90, Venice, Beech wood, partially gilded and painted rosewood veneer; gold powder, gold leaf, silver flakes, silver-gilt, bronze, and yellow metal (57.25ab)
Chariot, ca. 550–525 B.C., Etruscan, Bronze, ivory (03.23.1)
Christ Crucified between the Virgin and Saint John, 14th century, Probably French, Onyx; mounted, probably a pendant in gold with enamel and rock crystal (40.20.59)
Cincinnatus at the Plough, mid-15th century, Filarete, Antonio di Pietro Averlino (Italian, ca. 1400–ca. 1469) (Rome), Bronze (1996.116)
Cinerary urn with lid, ca. 500 B.C.; Archaic, Etruscan, Campanian, Bronze (40.11.3a,b)
Cista with Amazonomachy, 4th–3rd centuries B.C., Italic, Bronze (96.18.1)
Cista with Herakles Amazonomachy, 4th–3rd centuries B.C., Italic, Bronze (22.84.2)
Coins of Titus, Trajan, and Hadrian, 80–81, 105–7, 134–38 A.D.; Flavian, Trajanic, Hadrianic, Roman, Bronze and gold (99.35.177)
Combat at a City Gate, early 16th century, Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian),, Italy (Padua), Bronze (1986.319.30)
Constantine medal, 1402–13 (model), 16th century (cast), French (Paris), Bronze (1988.133)
Curb Bit, ca. 1350, Spanish, Iron, bronze, enameled and gilt (04.3.478a,b)
Dancer in the Role of Harlequin, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably ca. 1884–85, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 39/A (29.100.411)
Dancer Looking at the Sole of Her Right Foot, cast in 1920 from a plaster cast of ca. 1900, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 40/A (29.100.377)
Dancing Bacchante, early 18th century, Robert Le Lorrain (French), Bronze, mounted on base of ebony and gilt bronze (1973.263)
David with the Head of Goliath, 15th century (1470–80), Bartolomeo Bellano (Italian, Paduan), Gilt bronze, oil gilding of later date (64.304.1)
Diadem, 1200–800 B.C.; Bronze Age, East-central Europe, Carpathian Basin region, Copper alloy (2000.281.1)
Dragonesque Brooch, 1st century, Provincial Roman, probably made in Britain, Bronze with champlevé enamel (1980.450)
Dressed Dancer at Rest, Hands Behind Her Back, Right Leg Forward, cast in 1920 from a wax and cork sculpture modeled possibly ca. 1895 or later, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 51/A (29.100.392)
Dressing table, ca. 1925, Armand-Albert Rateau (French), Bronze, basalt, mirror glass (25.169)
Ecce Puer (Behold the Child), 1906, Medardo Rosso (Italian), Bronze (1990.304)
Ewer, 7th–6th century B.C., Phoenician; [Spain?], Bronze (55.121.1)
Female bust, second quarter of 18th century, French, Gilt bronze (07.225.510.118)
Final Study of the Monument to Balzac, modeled 1897, this bronze cast 1972, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze (1984.364.15)
First Arabesque Penchée, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably before ca. 1890, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 2/A (29.100.398)
Fountain Figure of a Winged Infant, 1432, Italy (Florence), Gilt bronze (1983.356)
Fragment of a military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Trajanic, 113/14 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.52)
Fragmentary bronze portrait of the emperor Caracalla, ca. 212–217 A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Severan, Roman, Bronze (1989.281.80)
Front of a cuirass, 4th century B.C., Greek, Apulian, Bronze (1992.180.3a)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (23.160.79)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (27.253.1)
The Genius of the Dance, 1872, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (French), Bronze (1970.171)
Girl Braiding Her Hair, 1600–1610, Barthélemy Prieur (French), Bronze with red-brown lacquer patina (1982.60.126)
Grotesque, 2nd century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Hellenistic, Greek, Bronze, (12.229.6)
Hand of a boxer, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (2001.219)
Handle attachment in the form of a mask, 1st century B.C–1st century A.D., Late Hellenistic or Early Imperial, Greek or Roman, Bronze (1972.118.98)
Handle of a hydria, early 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (06.1093)
Head of a griffin from a cauldron, third quarter of 7th century B.C., Greek (from Olympia), Bronze (1972.118.54)
Head of a Woman, 1909, Pablo Picasso (Spanish), Bronze (1996.403.6)
Head of a youth, third quarter of 5th century B.C.; Classical, Greek, Bronze (29.48)
Helmet (Spangenhelm), 6th century, Ostrogothic, Bronze-gilt, iron (42.50.1)
Helmet, late 7th century B.C.; Archaic, Greek, Cretan, Bronze (1989.281.49)
Horse at Trough, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture of probably ca. 1866–68, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 13/A (29.100.433)
Horse Trotting, the Feet Not Touching the Ground, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled after 1878, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 49/A (29.100.428)
Horse with Head Lowered, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably ca. 1883–90, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 22/A (29.100.430)
A Hypocrite and a Slanderer, ca. 1770–83, Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (German), Tin alloy (2010.24)
Incense burner, 11th century, Spain (Andalusia), Cast bronze, openwork and incised (67.178.3a,b)
Incense Burner, ca. 1530–40, Northern Italian (probably Padua), Bronze with dark brown lacquer patina (1982.60.108)
Iris, Messenger of the Gods, also known as Another Voice, Called Iris, modeled ca. 1895, this bronze cast 1965, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze, on a black marble base (1984.364.7)
La Frileuse / Winter, 18th century (1787), Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French (Paris), Bronze (62.55)
Large cista, mid-4th century B.C., Italic, Bronze (22.84.1)
Ligula Roman, Bronze (17.230.110)
The Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer; cast in 1922 from a mixed-media sculpture modeled ca. 1879–80, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, partly tinted, with cotton skirt and satin hair ribbon, on a wooden base (29.100.370)
Longcase clock, ca. 1774–75, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, veneered with maple, burl woods, holly, hornbeam (all partially stained), and other woods; mother-of-pearl; gilt bronze and brass (1975.101)
Louis XIV as Apollo, 1672, Michel Molart (French), Bronze (25.142.61)
Madeleine, II, 1903, Henri Matisse (French), Bronze (2002.456.115)
Mantel clock, ca. 1750, ST Germain for Jean-Joseph de Saint-Germain (French); Gosselin à Paris, possibly Jean-Philippe (French) or Jean-Baptiste Gosselin (French, active Paris), Bronze, originally gilded or silvered, enameled dial (37.160.9)
Mantel clock, ca. 1780–90, French (Paris), Gilt bronze, enamel, and marble (17.190.2126)
Medallion with a griffin fighting an Arimaspian, 4th century B.C., Italic; Praeneste, Bronze (10.230.1)
Military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Antonine, 149 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.32a,b)
Mirror with a support in the form of a draped woman, ca. 460–450 B.C.; Classical, Greek, Argive, Bronze (1972.118.78)
Mirror with a Support in the Form of a Draped Woman, mid-5th century B.C., Greek, Classical, Bronze(2011.582)
Mirror with a support in the form of a nude girl, second half of 6th century B.C., Laconian; Said to be from southern Italy, Bronze (38.11.3)
Mirror, ca. 350 B.C.; Late Classical, Etruscan, Bronze (09.221.16)
Monstrance Clock or Mirror Clock, ca. 1570, Made in Nuremberg, Germany, Case of gilt bronze; dial of gilt brass; movement of steel (17.190.639)
Mourning Virgin, from a Crucifixion Group, ca. 1585–90, Manner of Germain Pilon (French), Gilt bronze (1998.437)
Oil lamp, ca. 1515, Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian), Padua, Bronze (2009.58)
The Old Courtesan, modeled 1887, this bronze cast 1910, Auguste Rodin (French), Bronze (11.173.3)
Orpheus and Eurydice, probably modeled before 1887, executed 1893, Auguste Rodin (French), Marble (10.63.2)
Pair of candelabra, modeled in 1840, Antoine-Louis Barye (French), Bronze (10.108.1a,b)
Pair of cymbals, Classical, 5th–4th century B.C., Greek, Peloponnesian, Bronze, Inscribed in Greek: of Kallisthenia (13.225.5a,b)
Pair of eyes, 5th century B.C. or later Probably Greek Bronze, marble, frit, quartz, and obsidian (1991.11.3a,b)
Pair of mounted vases, ca. 1740–50, Chinese porcelain with French mounts, Hard-paste porcelain with gilt-bronze mounts (1984.471.3,.4)
Paris, ca. 1500, Antico (Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi) (Italian), Bronze, partly gilt and silvered (55.93)
Patera handle in the form of a youth, ca. late 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (2005.457)
Plaque of Mithras slaying the bull, mid-Imperial, 2nd or early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (1997.145.3)
Pope Alexander VII, Fabio Chigi (1599–1667, r. 1655–1667), 1667, Melchiore Caffa (Maltese), Bronze (57.20)
Pope Innocent X, Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (1574–1655, r. 1644–1655), second half of 17th century, After Alessandro Algardi (Italian), Bronze (08.49)
Portrait bust of a Roman matron, mid-1st century A.D.; Late Julio-Claudian, Roman, Bronze (52.11.6)
Portrait medallion of Süleyman the Magnificent, after 1521, Probably Venice, Bronze (18.70.8)
Portrait statue of a boy, Late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Bronze (14.130.1)
Psykter with lid and two swinging handles, late 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (60.11.3a,b)
Reclining Figure, No. 4, 1954–55, Henry Moore (British), Bronze (1995.600)
Reclining Nude, II, 1927, Henri Matisse (French), Bronze (1996.403.16)
Satyr, ca. 1510–20, Antico (Pier Jacopo Alari-Bonacolsi) (Italian), Italy (Mantua), Bronze (1982.60.91)
Satyr, Statuette, 16th century (ca. 1506–8), Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian), Made in Padua, Italy, Bronze (1982.45)
Serpentine Brooch, 6th century B.C.; Iron Age, Halstatt period, Copper alloy (1992.280.3)
Set of four wall brackets, 18th century (ca. 1788), Made under the direction of Jean Hauré (French), cast either by Étienne-Jean Forestier (French) or his brother Pierre-Auguste (French), chased by Pierre-Philippe Thomire (French), Gilt bronze (1979.172.3-6)
Simpulum (ladle), 2nd century A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Roman, Bronze (1988.11.1)
Spanish Dancer, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably ca. 1884, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 45/A, (29.100.395)
Spinario (Boy Pulling a Thorn from His Foot), probably modeled by 1496, cast ca. 1501, Antico (Pier Jacopo Bonacolsi) (Italian), Bronze, partially gilt and silvered (2012.157)
Square-Headed Brooch, 6th century, Anglo-Saxon, Copper alloy with gilding and niello inlay (1985.209)
Statue of an athlete finishing a jump, ca. 450 B.C., Greek, Bronze (08.258.11)
Statue of Eros sleeping, Hellenistic, 3rd century B.C.–2nd century B.C.,Greek, Bronze (43.11.4)
Statuette of a bull, Archaic, late 6th century B.C., Greek, Boeotian; from the Kabeirion at Thebes, Bronze (20.210)
Statuette of a diskos thrower, ca. 480–460 B.C.; Classical, Greek, Bronze (07.286.87)
Statuette of a draped man, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Hellenistic or Early Imperial, Greek or Roman, Bronze, (07.286.96)
Statuette of a horse, 8th century B.C.; Geometric, Greek, Bronze (21.88.24)
Statuette of a man and centaur, ca. 750 B.C.; Geometric, Greek, Bronze (17.190.2072)
Statuette of a panther, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Bronze, copper, silver, niello (07.261)
Statuette of a philosopher on a lamp stand, Early Imperial, Augustan, late 1st century B.C., Roman, Marble (10.231.1)
Statuette of a standing maiden, late 6th century B.C., Etruscan; Italy, Etruria, Bronze (17.190.2066)
Statuette of a veiled and masked dancer, Hellenistic, 3rd–2nd century B.C., Greek, Bronze (1972.118.95)
Statuette of an African (known as Ethiopian), 3rd–2nd century B.C., Greek, Bronze (18.145.10)
Statuette of Aphrodite, ca. 150–100 B.C., Greek, late Hellenistic; variant of the 4th century B.C. Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles, Bronze (12.173)
Statuette of Cybele on a cart drawn by lions, Imperial, second half of 2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (97.22.24),
Statuette of Harpokrates, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (18.145.20)
Statuette of Herakles, last quarter of 6th century B.C.; Archaic, Greek, Bronze (28.77)
Statuette of Saint Agnes after Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680), third quarter of 17th century, Cast after a terracotta sketch-model for one of the statues over the colonnades of Saint Peter's Square, Rome, Bronze, brown natural patina, traces of red-gold lacquer (1978.202)
Support Figure of a Seated Cleric or Friar, ca. 1280, Northeastern France, Copper alloy with mercury gilding (1991.252)
Sword hilt with the Virgin Mary, Saint Michael, and Satan, ca. 1882, Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse (sculptor; French); Germain Bapst (goldsmith; French); Lucien Falize (goldsmith; French); in partnership 1880–92, France (Paris), Bronze, gold (1989.229)
Tabernacle of Cherves, ca. 1220–1230, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.735)
Three Men Walking II, 1949, Alberto Giacometti (Swiss), Bronze (1999.363.22)
Thymiaterion (incense burner) with Marsyas, late 4th century B.C.; Classical, Etruscan, Bronze (1972.118.87)
Torque (Neck Ring), 4th–3rd century B.C.; European Iron Age, Celtic, Copper alloy (17.194.1919)
Torso of a youth, Roman overcast of a Greek bronze statue of the early 5th century B.C., Bronze (20.194)
Triton, 16th century (1560–70), Giambologna (Netherlandish), Made in Florence, Italy, Bronze (14.40.689)
The Tub, cast in 1920 from the original mixed-media sculpture of 1888–89, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 26/A (29.100.419)
Two Plaquettes with Charity and Temperance, ca. 1540, Peter Flötner (German, Nuremberg), Bronze (26.14.13, 1986.319.43)
Two portraits of Trebonianus Gallus, 251–53 A.D., Roman, Bronze (05.30, 05.47)
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913, Umberto Boccioni (Italian), Bronze (1990.38.3)
Vase or clock ornament, ca. 1770, French, Gilt bronze (07.225.510.316)
The Victory of the Maréchal de Villars at Denain, 1806, modified 1818, Louis Simon Boizot (French); cast by Pierre Phillipe Thomire (French)

Bronze (1978.55)
Woman Getting Out of the Bath, cast in 1920 from a wax fragment, now destroyed, but modeled probably ca. 1883–90, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 71/A (29.100.383)
Woman Seated in an Armchair Wiping Her Left Armpit, cast in 1920 from a sculpture made of wax, cork, and wood probably ca. 1895, Edgar Degas (French),Bronze, number 43/A (29.100.415)
Woman Stretching, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably ca. 1885 or earlier, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 53/A (29.100.393)

Thematic Essays (51)