Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Early Imperial Art in Ancient Rome

Greek and Roman Art, Rome, Early Imperial

Works of Art (127)

Aedicula with small landscape: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.1)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.2)

Egyptianizing scene: From the "Black Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.3)
Amphoriskos (perfume bottle), late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Augustan or early Julio-Claudian,Roman, Banded agate (2001.253)
Arretine cup signed by Tigranes, ca. 25 B.C.–10 A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Terracotta (10.210.37)
Beakers signed by Iason, mid-1st century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Glass (29.100.82) (59.11.3)
Bottle in the form of a fish and a flask in the form of grapes, 1st–3rd century A.D., Roman, Mold-blown glass (17.194.251; 17.194.231)
Bowl fragment, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Terracotta (17.194.2073)
Cameo architectural panel, ca. 1–25 A.D.; Augustan–early Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass (18.145.38a)
Cameo cup fragment with lovemaking scene, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.349)
Cameo fragment with marine animals, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.347)
Cameo fragment, 1st century B.C.–mid-1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass; cast in two layers or blown and cased, then carved (11.91.5a)
Cameo medallion of a maenad, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Glass (17.194.10)
Cameo portrait of the emperor Augustus, 41–54; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Sardonyx (42.11.30)
Cantharus (drinking cup), ca. 40–80 A.D.; Early Imperial, Claudian or Flavian, Roman, Glass; free-blown (81.10.60)
Cinerary chest with lid, Imperial, Flavian or Trajanic, ca. 90–110 A.D., Roman, Marble (27.122.2a,b)
Cinerary urn, Julio-Claudian, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman; said to have been excavated from a tomb near Anagni, Marble (2002.297, 2002.568)
Circular reliefs, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Plaster (31.11.15,.16,.17)
Coins of Titus, Trajan, and Hadrian, 80–81, 105–7, 134–38 A.D.; Flavian, Trajanic, Hadrianic, Roman, Bronze and gold (99.35.177)
Colorless floral plate, ca. 100–150 A.D., Roman, Cast glass (81.10.237)
Composite mosaic dish, early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (59.11.6)
Couch and footstool with bone carvings and glass inlays, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Wood, bone, glass (17.190.2076)
Disk with a herm of Dionysos in relief, Early Imperial, third quarter of 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble, pigment (26.60.27)
Ear probe, Roman, Cypriot, Bronze (74.51.5491)
Emperor Augustus above a Double Capricorn, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Sardonyx; later mounted in gold for suspension (29.175.4)
Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–42; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (14.37)
Fragment from the Eleusinian Relief, ca. 27 B.C.–14 A.D.; Augustan, Fragments of a Roman copy set in a plaster cast of the original Greek relief of ca. 350–325 B.C., Marble (14.130.9)
Fragment of a military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Trajanic, 113/14 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.52)
Fragmentary head of a deity wearing a Dionysiac fillet, probably Julio-Claudian, ca. 14–68 A.D., Roman; copy of a Greek work of the 2nd century B.C., Marble, pigment, gilding (1992.11.66)
Funerary altar of Cominia Tyche, Flavian or Trajanic, ca. 90–100 A.D., Roman, Marble (38.27)
Funerary altar, 14–68; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (25.78.29)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (23.160.79)
Furniture attachment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Bronze (27.253.1)
Garland bowl, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Glass (91.1.1402)
Gladiator cup, ca. 50–80 A.D.; Neronian–Early Flavianic, Roman; Found at Montagnole, southern France, Glass (81.10.245)
Glass rings and bracelets, 1st century B.C.–4th century A.D., Roman, Glass and gold (74.51.4244)
Gold-glass bottles, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (17.194.259)
Hand of a boxer, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (2001.219)
Handle attachment in the form of a mask, 1st century B.C–1st century A.D., Late Hellenistic or Early Imperial, Greek or Roman, Bronze (1972.118.98)
Handle of a large dish, Mid-Imperial, Antonine or Severan, 2nd–early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Silver, gold (06.1106)
Head from a statue of Harmodios, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman copy of Greek original attributed to Kritios and Nesiotes, Marble (26.60.1)
Head of a bearded man, Imperial, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Marble (1993.342)
Head of a helmeted Roman soldier, ca. 50–75; Flavian, Roman, Marble (25.78.62)
Head of Athena, ca. 138–92 A.D.; Antonine, Roman; copy of a Greek statue of ca. 430 B.C. attributed to the sculptor Pheidias, Marble (2007.293)
Head of Epikouros, Imperial, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Marble (11.90)
Head of herm, 1st or 2nd century A.D.; Imperial Roman, Copy of a Greek work of the late 5th century B.C., Marble (03.12.4)
Hekateion, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Marble (1987.11.2)
The Hope Dionysos, late 1st century A.D., with 18th-century restoration by Vincenzo Pacetti; Imperial, Roman, Marble (1990.247)
Inscribed statue base, mid-Imperial, Antonine, ca. 160–170 A.D., Roman, Marble (26.60.70a,b)
Intaglio of a venator fighting a lion, 1st century A.D.; Late Augustan to Flavian, Roman, Carnelian (41.160.710)
Intaglio portrait of a young woman, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Sard (74.51.4236)
Intaglio with the head of Asklepios, 1st century B.C.–3rd century A.D., Roman, Carnelian (81.6.94)
Intaglio with Winged Nike in a chariot drawn by two serpents, 1st century B.C.–3rd century A.D., Roman, Late Republican or Imperial, Carnelian (81.6.102)
Intaglio, mid 2nd–early 3rd century A.D.; Antonine or Severan, Roman, Jasper, gold mount set with pearls and glass (1994.230.2)
Kalyx krater with reliefs of maidens and dancing maenads, 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (23.184)
Lamp, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Terracotta, mold-made, (74.51.2027)
Landscape with Perseus and Andromeda: From the "Mythological Room" of the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase, last decade of 1st century B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (20.192.16)
Lead-glazed terracotta jug, first half of 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian, Roman, Terracotta (43.11.2)
Lid of a ceremonial box, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Gilt silver (2000.26)
Lid of a funerary altar, late 1st century B.C., Roman, Marble (1997.271)
Marble sarcophagus with garlands and the myth of Theseus and Ariadne, ca. 130–150 A.D., Roman, Hadrianic or early Antonine, Marble, Luni and Pentelic (90.12a,b)
Marbled slip ware bowl, Neronian, mid-1st century A.D., Roman, Terracotta (17.194.852)
Military diploma, Mid-Imperial, Antonine, 149 A.D., Roman, Bronze (23.160.32a,b)
Modiolus (drinking cup), ca. 5–40 A.D.; Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian, Roman, Terracotta; Arretine ware (17.194.896)
Modiolus (one-handled drinking cup), 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian or Flavian
Roman, Glass; free-blown (29.100.71)
Mold-blown vessel signed by Ennion, first half of 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman; found on Cyprus, Glass (17.194.226)
Monochrome bowls, 1st century A.D., Roman; From Syria, Opaque cast glass (1972.118.185) (13.198.1,.2,.3)
Monochrome cast vessels, 1st century A.D., Roman, Translucent cast glass (17.194.155) (91.1.1238) (81.10.128) (29.100.84)
Mosaic ribbed bowl, 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass; cast and tooled (17.194.561)
Mural relief fragment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Stucco (74.51.5869)
Oinochoe, 1st century A.D., Roman, Opaque glass (17.194.170)
Pair of skyphoi (cups) with relief decoration, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan, Roman, Silver with gilding (1994.43.1,.2)
Plaque with bilingual inscription, Early Imperial, 1st century A.D., Roman, Cypriot; said to be from Larnaca (Kition), Cyprus, Limestone (74.51.2393)
Plate, mid-2nd century A.D.; Mid-Imperial
Signed by Sabinianus, Roman, Terracotta; East Gaulish terra sigillata ware (17.194.867)
Polyphemus and Galatea in a Landscape, last decade of 1st century B.C.; mid-Augustan, Third Style, Roman, Fresco (20.192.17)ar
Portrait bust of a bearded man, ca. 150–75 A.D.; Antonine, Roman, Marble (1998.209)
Portrait bust of a Roman matron, mid-1st century A.D.; Late Julio-Claudian, Roman, Bronze (52.11.6)
Portrait head of an elderly woman, Late Republican or Early Imperial, Augustan, ca. 40–20 B.C., Roman, Marble, pigment (2000.38)
Portrait head of the Emperor Augustus, ca. 14–37; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (07.286.115)
Portrait of the emperor Antoninus Pius, 138–161; Antonine, Roman, Marble (33.11.3)
Portrait statue of a boy, Late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Bronze (14.130.1)
Pyxides, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (91.1.1335)
Relief fragment depicting athletic prizes, mid-Imperial, Antonine, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Marble (59.11.19)
Relief fragment with gladiators, Imperial, 1st–3rd century A.D., Roman; recorded ca. 1880 in the Vigna Aquari in Rome, Marble (57.11.7)
Relief fragment, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman; found at Sardis, Marble (26.199.63)
Relief of a dancing maenad, ca. 27 B.C.–14 A.D.; Augustan, Roman copy of a Greek relief attributed to Kallimachos, ca. 425–400 B.C., Pentelic marble (35.11.3)
Relief of King Oinomaos and his charioteer Myrtilos, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.31); Relief of a mythological couple in a chariot, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.32); Relief of a youth and girl, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.33)
Relief panel, second half of 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Stucco (92.11.2)
Relief portrait of the emperor Lucius Verus, ca. 166–170; Antonine, Roman, Marble (13.227.1)
Relief with an archaistic Hermes, 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble (1991.11.8)
Relief with goat, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan, Roman, Stucco (26.60.85)
Ribbed bowl, late 1st century B.C.–mid-1st century A.D., Roman, Cast glass (81.10.39)
Ring with intaglio portrait of Emperor Tiberius, 14–37 A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Gold, carnelian (1994.230.7)
Ringstone with an artist painting a sculpture, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Carnelian (81.6.48)
Sandaled foot, Augustan, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Ivory (25.78.43)
Scyphos (drinking cup), 15 B.C.–60 A.D., Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian, Signed by Perennius Tigranus, as owner, Roman, Terracotta; Arretine ware (17.194.894)
Scyphus, Early Imperial, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (91.1.2053)
Section of a pilaster with acanthus scrolls, first half of 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (10.210.28)
So-called Antioch Mosaic, second half of 2nd century; Late Antonine, Roman, Mosaic (38.11.12)
Spatula, Roman, Cypriot, Bronze (74.51.5509)
Spoon and fork, 3rd century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Silver (2006.514.3)
Spoon, 3rd century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Silver (19.192.64)
Spoon, Julio-Claudian, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Rock crystal and silver (2000.1)
Statue of a draped seated man, Republican or Early Imperial, 1st century B.C., Roman, Marble (09.221.4)
Statue of a member of the imperial family shown in heroic semi-nudity, Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Marble, pigment, gilding (2003.407.9)
Statue of a togatus, ca. 14–9 B.C.; Augustan, Roman, Marble (04.15)
Statue of a wounded Amazon, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman copy of a Greek bronze original, ca. 450–425 B.C., Marble (32.11.4)
Statue of a wounded warrior, ca. 138–181 A.D.; Antonine; copy of a Greek bronze statue of ca. 460–450 B.C., Roman, Marble (25.116)
Statue of an old market woman, Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian, 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble (09.39)
Statue of Aphrodite, 1st or 2nd century A.D., Roman copy of a Greek statue of the 3rd or 2nd century B.C., Marble (52.11.5)
Statue of Diadoumenos, ca. 69–96 A.D.; Flavian; copy of a Greek original, ca. 430 B.C., Roman, Marble (Pentelic) (25.78.56)
Statue of Eirene (personification of peace), ca. 14–68 A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman copy of a Greek original by Kephisodotos, 375/374–360/359 B.C., Marble (06.311)
Statue of Herakles seated on a rock, Imperial, 1st or 2nd century A.D., Roman; adaptation of a Greek statue of the late 4th or early 3rd century B.C., Marble (11.55)
Statue of Pan, 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble (1992.11.71)
Statuette of a draped man, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Hellenistic or Early Imperial, Greek or Roman, Bronze, (07.286.96)
Statuette of a panther, 1st–2nd century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Bronze, copper, silver, niello (07.261)
Statuette of a philosopher on a lamp stand, Early Imperial, Augustan, late 1st century B.C., Roman, Marble (10.231.1)
Statuette of Cybele on a cart drawn by lions, Imperial, second half of 2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (97.22.24),
Statuette of Harpokrates, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (18.145.20)
Statuette of Kybele, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, based on a cult statue by the Greek sculptor Pheidias or Agorakritos of the late 5th century B.C., Marble (22.139.24)
Strigilated vase with snake handles and lid, second half of 2nd century A.D.; Antonine, Roman, Marble (2007.31a,b)
Support for an oblong water basin, 2nd century A.D.,Roman, Porphyry (1992.11.70)
The Three Graces, Roman copy of a Greek work of the second century B.C., Marble (2010.260)
Tile mosaic of Isis, Imperial, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Tesserae (45.16.2)
Torso of a centaur, Imperial, 1st century A.D., Roman; copy of a Greek statue of the 2nd century B.C., Rosso antico marble (09.221.6)
Votive plaque, Imperial, probably 3rd century A.D., Roman, Lead (21.88.175)
Wall painting fragment, 2nd–3rd century A.D., Roman, Fresco (92.11.10)
Wall painting fragment, Imperial, Julio-Claudian, ca. 14–68 A.D., Roman, Fresco (92.11.8)
Young Dionysos, 2nd century A.D., adaptation of a late 4th-century B.C. Greek statue type, Roman Imperial, Marble (2011.517)