Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Glass from Europe

Glass, Europe

Works of Art (109)

Adoration of the Magi (Detail), ca. 1390, Austrian; From the Schlosskapelle, Ebreichsdorf, Austria, Pot-metal and colorless glass with silver stain and vitreous paint (1986.285.1,2)
Adoration of the Magi, 1507, Circle of the Strassburger Werkstattgemeinschaft, German (Munich), Pot-metal and colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1996.262)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy, glass inlay (47.101.52)
Arm Reliquary, 13th century, with 15th-century additions, French, Silver, silver-gilt, glass and rock-crystal cabochons over wood core (17.190.353)
Autumn Landscape, 1923–24, Probably designed by Agnes F. Northrop (American); Made by Tiffany Studios (American), Leaded Favrile glass (25.173a–o)
Beaker with the "Mala Strana" of Prague, ca. 1830, Bohemian, Glass (1990.328.2)
Beaker, 15th century, German, found in burial mounds on the Estate Abrau near Novorossisk, in the Caucasus, Glass (06.141)
Beakers signed by Iason, mid-1st century A.D.; Imperial, Roman, Glass (29.100.82) (59.11.3)
Belt Buckle, 550–600, Visigothic, Copper alloy, cells inset with garnets, glass, lapis lazuli, and cuttlefish bone (1988.305 ab)
Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion, Icon carved about 1000, in Constantinople; setting made before 1085, Spanish; From the Convent of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Jaca, Gilded silver on a wood backing, inset with ivory icon, sapphire, glass, and crystal (17.190.134)
Bottle in the form of a fish and a flask in the form of grapes, 1st–3rd century A.D., Roman, Mold-blown glass (17.194.251; 17.194.231)
Bottle, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Cut glass (17.194.317)
Bowl Base with Old and New Testament Scenes, ca. 350–400, Byzantine, said to have been found in 1715 in the Roman catacomb of Saint Callisto, Glass, gold leaf (16.174.2)
Bowl Base with Saints Peter and Paul Flanking a Column with the Christogram of Christ, made late 300s, Gold, glass leaf, Byzantine, from Rome (16.174.3)
Bowl Fragments with Menorah, Shofar, and Torah Ark, 4th century, Roman or Byzantine, Glass, gold leaf (18.145.1 ab)
Bowl, 2nd–early 1st century B.C., Hellenistic, Greek, Onyx glass (91.1.1303)
Bowl, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Blown glass (17.194.314)
Bowl, Late Antique, 2nd half of 4th–early 5th century A.D., Roman, Glass, blown and cut (17.194.328)
Brooch, 970–1030, Ottonian (probably northern Italy), Gold with pearls, glass, and cloisonné enamel (17.191.7)
Cameo architectural panel, ca. 1–25 A.D.; Augustan–early Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass (18.145.38a)
Cameo cup fragment with lovemaking scene, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.349)
Cameo fragment with marine animals, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (81.10.347)
Cameo fragment, 1st century B.C.–mid-1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass; cast in two layers or blown and cased, then carved (11.91.5a)
Cameo: Silhouette portrait of Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna and Grand Duke Paul, dated 1791, Russian; Saint Petersburg, Cut glass (1999.525)
Cantharus (drinking cup), ca. 40–80 A.D.; Early Imperial, Claudian or Flavian, Roman, Glass; free-blown (81.10.60)
Child's booties, 1876–77, Possibly English, Leather, silk, glass (C.I.40.68.9a,b)
Christ Giving the Keys to Peter, ca. 1315, German; Cologne, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (29.55.1,2)
"Clutha" vase, ca. 1890, Christopher Dresser (British), Green glass (1991.20.2)
Colorless floral plate, ca. 100–150 A.D., Roman, Cast glass (81.10.237)
Composite mosaic dish, early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (59.11.6)
Couch and footstool with bone carvings and glass inlays, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Wood, bone, glass (17.190.2076)
Crozier with Serpent Devouring a Flower, ca. 1200–1220, French, made in Limoges, Gilded copper; champlevé enamel; glass cabochons (17.190.833)
Dish, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman; From Cologne, Cut glass (81.10.46)
Disk Brooch and Two Pendants, early 600s, Anglo-Saxon; Probably made in Faversham, southeastern England; Found at Teynam, southeastern England, Gold, cells inset with garnets and glass, border inlaid with niello (1987.90.1,2,3)
Disk Brooch with Cameo and Cabochons, brooch ca. 600, cameo 100–300, Langobardic (mount), Roman (cameo), Gold sheet; settings of onyx, cameo, glass (red and green cabochons); wire (95.15.101)
Disk Brooch, 650–725, Frankish; Found in Férebrianges or Petit-Troussy, northern France, Gold sheet with filigree and inlays of garnet, stone, glass, and pearl (17.191.134)
Disk Brooch, 675–700, Frankish; Found in Niederbreisig, western Germany, Gold sheet with filigree and inlays of garnet, glass, and mother-of-pearl (17.193.83)
Dressing table, ca. 1925, Armand-Albert Rateau (French), Bronze, basalt, mirror glass (25.169)
Engraved bowl with medallions, 4th century A.D., Roman, Glass (17.194.318)
Evening pump, 1961, Designed by Roger Vivier (French), Leather, silk, glass, plastic, metal, metallic thread (1980.597.4)
"Fireworks" vase, 1921, Edward Hald (Swedish); Manufacturer: Orrefors Glasbruk, Engraved flashed glass (27.96.5)
Footed bowl, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D., Hellenistic or Roman, Cast glass (81.10.129)
Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis, 500–550, Byzantine, Marble and glass (1998.69, 1999.99)
Fragmentary beaker, ca. 2nd century A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Roman, Glass, free-blown and painted, (22.2.36,.37)
Frankish "Claw" Beaker, 400–600, Found in Bellenberg Voehringen, southern Germany, Glass (81.10.189)
Garland bowl, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Glass (91.1.1402)
Gladiator cup, ca. 50–80 A.D.; Neronian–Early Flavianic, Roman; Found at Montagnole, southern France, Glass (81.10.245)
Glass bottle shaped like a bunch of grapes, Late Imperial, 3rd century A.D., Roman, Glass, blown in a three-part mold (X.21.190)
Glass rings and bracelets, 1st century B.C.–4th century A.D., Roman, Glass and gold (74.51.4244)
Goblet, Murano (Italian), Glass (1988.403a,b)
Gold-glass alabastron, 1st century B.C., Hellenistic, Glass (17.194.286)
Gold-glass bottles, first half of 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (17.194.259)
Hanging lamp (cesendello), late 15th–early 16th century, Venice, Free-blown glass, enameled and gilded (14.83)
Hoop earrings with Egyptianizing crown, 3rd–2nd century B.C., Greek, Gold with stone and glass (1995.539.11a,b)
Intaglio, mid 2nd–early 3rd century A.D.; Antonine or Severan, Roman, Jasper, gold mount set with pearls and glass (1994.230.2)
Kubus stacking containers, ca. 1938, Wilhelm Wagenfeld (German), Glass (1986.412.1–16)
Lancet Windows, ca. 1250–1300, French, Normandy, Limestone (35.143.1–.3)
"Lansetti II" (Lancet II) vase, 1952, Timo Sarpaneva (Finnish); Manufacturer: Iittala Lasitehdas Oy, Glass (56.31.3)
Man of Sorrows and the Mater dolorosa, ca. 1480, Strassburger Werkstattgemeinschaft (Lautenbach Master), German (Swabia); From the chapter house of Constance Cathedral, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (1998.215a,b)
MAP III, 1993, Bertil Vallien (Swedish), Glass and iron (1994.199ab)
Marbled slip ware bowl, Neronian, mid-1st century A.D., Roman, Terracotta (17.194.852)
Medallion with Portrait of Gennadios, 250–300, Roman, probably Alexandria, Gold glass; Diam. 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm) (26.258)
Mirror, 1769, John Mayhew (English) and William Ince (English), Pine, gilt, mirror glass (58.75.131)
Modiolus (one-handled drinking cup), 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian or Flavian
Roman, Glass; free-blown (29.100.71)
Monochrome blown vessels, 1st–4th century A.D., Roman and Cypriot, Translucent blown glass (17.194.72,.96,.167; 81.10.32)
Monochrome cast vessels, 1st century A.D., Roman, Translucent cast glass (17.194.155) (91.1.1238) (81.10.128) (29.100.84)
Mosaic bowls, 1st century B.C., Hellenistic, Glass (17.194.263; 17.194.560)
Mosaic ribbed bowl, 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, Roman, Glass; cast and tooled (17.194.561)
Mural: The History of Navigation, 1934, Jean Dupas (French); manufacturer: Charles Champigneulle, Glass, paint, gold, silver, palladium leaf (1976.414.3a–ggg)
Nécessaire incorporating an automaton watch, ca. 1770–72, Signed by James Cox (English), Case: moss agate, mounted in gold and set with diamonds, rubies, and emeralds; silver; and mirror glass; dial: white enamel, with frame pavé set with paste jewels (57.128a–o)
Netting Quail, 16th century, After a Design by Augustin Hirschvogel (German, 1503–1553), Colorless glass, silver stain, vitreous paint, and cold enamel (1979.185)
"Nomos" table, 1987, Sir Norman Foster (British); Manufacturer: Techno S.p.A., Glass, stainless steel, rubber (1998.379ab)
Oinochoe, 1st century A.D., Roman, Opaque glass (17.194.170)
Pair of Bird-Shaped Brooches, 550–600, Frankish, Gold sheet, cloisonné cells inset with garnets, glass, and pearl, garnets backed with patterned foil (17.191.164-165)
Pair of Jeweled Bracelets, 500–700, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Gold, silver, pearl, amethyst, sapphire, glass, quartz, and emerald plasma (17.190.1670, 1671)
Panel from a Tree of Jesse Window, 14th century, German (Swabia), Pot-metal glass, vitreous paint (22.25a-f)
Partial table service, 1818, Pellatt & Green, London, Blown cut glass (2008.594.1a,b–.54a,b)
Pilgrim flask, ca. 1500–1525, Venice, Free-blown glass, enameled and gilded (1975.1.1167)
Pitcher, 3rd–4th century A.D., Roman, Blown glass (74.51.134)
Plaque with Saint Aemilian, ca. 1060–80, Master Engelram and his son Redolfo, Spain (Logroño), Elephant ivory inlaid with glass (1987.89)
Playing at Quintain, ca. 1500, French (Paris?), Colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1980.223.6)
Portable Mosaic Icon with the Virgin Eleousa, early 14th century, Byzantine, probably Constantinople, Miniature mosaic set in wax on wood panel with gold, multicolored stones, and gilded copper tesserae; some portions restored (2008.352)
Prophet, ca. 1390–1410, French (Bourges or Burgundy) or South Lowlands, Colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1995.301)
Purse, early 17th century, English, Canvas worked with silk and metal thread, glass beads, spangles; Gobelin, tent, and detached buttonhole stitches (29.23.15)
Pyxides, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (91.1.1335)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1180, Made in Limoges, France, Silver gilt, rock crystal, glass cabochons; wood core (2002.18)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1366–1400, Italian, the Marches, Translucent enamel, silver, gilded silver, rock crystal, glass, and iron (17.190.498)
Ribbed bowl, late 1st century B.C.–mid-1st century A.D., Roman, Cast glass (81.10.39)
Ring of Pope Paul II, 1464–71, Italy (Rome), Blue glass mounted in gilt brass (1989.79)
Roundel with Three Apes Building a Trestle Table, 1480–1500, German, Colorless glass, vitreous paint, and silver stain (1990.119.3)
Sallet in the Shape of a Lion's Head, 1470–80, Italian, Steel, copper-gilt, glass, polychromy (23.141)
Savoy vase, 1936, Alvar Aalto (Finnish), Glass (1985.223)
Scyphus, Early Imperial, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Glass (91.1.2053)
Secrétaire à abattant, ca. 1815–20, with later additions, Austrian, Walnut, parcel-ebonized and mounted with gilt bronze; leather, glass, brass (1991.470)
Sorgheloos in Poverty, 1510–1520, Netherlandish, Colorless glass with vitreous paint and silver stain (1999.243)
St. Nicholas Accuses the Consul from Scenes from the Life of St. Nicholas, ca. 1200–1210, French, Picardy, from the cathedral of Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais at Soissons, Pot-metal glass, vitreous paint (1980.263.3)
Stained-Glass Window, with Grisaille Decoration, ca. 1325, French; From the abbey church of Saint-Ouen, Rouen, France, Pot-metal and colorless glass, with silver stain and vitreous paint (1984.199.1–11 and 48.183.2)
Storage jar, 2nd–3rd century A.D., Roman, Mold-blown glass (17.194.219)
Tourbillons (Whirlwinds) vase, ca. 1925, René-Jules Lalique (French), Glass (2004.120)
Two Grisaille Panels, 1320–1324, French; Paris, from the Chapel of Saint-Louis, north aisle, royal abbey of Saint-Denis, Pot-metal and white glass, silver stain (1982.433.3,4)
Vase, ca. 1901–6, Designer: Max Läuger (German), Glass, pewter (1991.182.2)
Vestment II, 1997, Stanislav Libensky (Czech); Jaroslava Brychtová (Czech, born 1924), Cast glass (1999.91)
Virgin Mary and Five Standing Saints above Predella Panels, 1440–1446, German; From the Carmelite church at Boppard-am-Rhein, Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous glass, silver stain (37.52.1–6)
Virgin of the Apocalypse, ca. 1480–1490, Circle of the Master of the Amsterdam Cabinet, German; Middle Rhineland, Colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1982.47.1)
Visitation, 1444, Probably Strasbourg; From the Carmelite church at Boppard-am-Rhein, Pot-metal glass (13.64.3ab)
Washstand, 1904, Charles Rennie Mackintosh (Scottish), Designer, Oak, ceramic tile, colored and mirror glass, and lead (1994.120)
Wineglass or sweetmeat cup (confittiera) with scenes of Virgil and Febilla, ca. 1475–1500, Venice (Murano), Barovier Glass House, Enameled and gilded glass (17.190.730a,b)
Wisteria Dining Room, 1910–14, Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer (French); made by Édouard-Louis Collet (Swiss), Walnut and amaranth veneer, marble; brass, copper, mirror glass (66.244.1–.2a–e,.9ab,.10ab)

Thematic Essays (55)