Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Ruler from Europe

Figure, Ruler, Europe

Works of Art (94)

Bust of Marie de France, ca. 1381, Jean de Liège (Franco-Netherlandish, Île-de-France, Saint-Denis, Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, Chapel of Notre-Dame-la-Blanche, Marble, lead insets, traces of polychromy (41.100.132)
Head of Constans, ca. 337–340, Early Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire), Marble (67.107)
Amphora (jar), ca. 540–530 B.C.; black-figure, Signed by Taleides as potter, attributed to the Taleides Painter, Greek, Attic, Archaic, Terracotta (47.11.5)
The Apotheosis of the Spanish Monarchy, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (37.165.3)
Arrangement in Black, No. 3: Sir Henry Irving as Philip II of Spain, 1876; reworked 1885, James McNeill Whistler (American), Oil on canvas (10.86)
Aureus of Septimius Severus, with a portrait of Julia Domna, ca. 193–96 A.D.; Severan, Roman, Gold (99.35.218)
Box with Aristotle and Phyllis, 14th century, French; Made in Paris ca. 1310-30, Ivory (17.190.173ab, 1988.16)
Bust of Emperor Severus Alexander, ca. A.D. 230–35, Roman, Marble (2011.87)
Bust of Francis I, 1529, Girolamo della Robbia (Italian), Glazed terracotta (41.100.245)
Bust of Napoleon III, 1873, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (French), Marble (1974.297)
Cameo portrait of the emperor Augustus, 41–54; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Sardonyx (42.11.30)
Cameo: Silhouette portrait of Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna and Grand Duke Paul, dated 1791, Russian; Saint Petersburg, Cut glass (1999.525)
Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 1771, Jean-Baptiste Nini (French); Chaumont-sur-Loire, Cast terracotta (terre de Chaumont) (52.189.11)
Coins of Titus, Trajan, and Hadrian, 80–81, 105–7, 134–38 A.D.; Flavian, Trajanic, Hadrianic, Roman, Bronze and gold (99.35.177)
Column Figure of a King, ca. 1150–1170, French; From the abbey of Saint-Denis, Limestone (20.157)
Constantine medal, 1402–13 (model), 16th century (cast), French (Paris), Bronze (1988.133)
David Roentgen and Company in Saint Petersburg, 1784–86, Johann Friedrich Anthing (German, ca. 1753–1805), Cut paper, ink, watercolor, gold foil (48.73.1)
Dream and Lie of Franco, 1937, Pablo Picasso (Spanish), Etching and aquatint (1986.1224.1[2])
Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, 37–42; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (14.37)
The Empress Elizabeth of Russia (1709–1762) on Horseback, Attended by a Page, Georg Christoph Grooth (German), Oil on canvas (1978.554.2)
The Empress Eugénie (Eugénie de Montijo, 1826–1920, Condesa de Teba), 1854, Franz Xaver Winterhalter (German), Oil on canvas (1978.403)
Empress Eugénie, 1856, Gustave Le Gray (French), Albumen silver print from glass negative (2005.100.258)
Enthroned King, ca. 1230–1235, North Italian; Made in Lombardy or the Veneto, Limestone (pietra di Aurisina, province of Trieste) (22.31.2)
Figure of Augustus the Strong, ca. 1713, Stoneware, German; Meissen, Stoneware (1982.60.318)
Filippo Archinto (born ca. 1500, died 1558), Archbishop of Milan, mid-1550s, Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (14.40.650)
Florinda, 1853, Franz Xaver Winterhalter (German), Oil on canvas (01.21)
Fragmentary bronze portrait of the emperor Caracalla, ca. 212–217 A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Severan, Roman, Bronze (1989.281.80)
Frederick III (1463–1525), the Wise, Elector of Saxony, 1533, Attributed to Lucas Cranach the Elder (German), Oil on wood, printed first on paper and then laid down on wood (46.179.1)
Godfroy de Bouillon, ca. 1541, Colin Nouailher (French), after a woodcut by Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen (Netherlandish), Enamel, painted and partly gilded on copper (1993.65.4)
Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici (1642–1723) and Grand Prince Ferdinando de' Medici (1669–1713), ca. 1676–82, Giovanni Battista Foggini (Italian), Marble (1993.332.1,.2)
Head from a statue of Harmodios, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman copy of Greek original attributed to Kritios and Nesiotes, Marble (26.60.1)
Head of a Ptolemaic queen, Hellenistic, ca. 270–250 B.C.,> Greek, Marble (2002.66)
Head of Augustus, Roman Period, 27–20 B.C., Egyptian, Blue-green (glassy?) faience (26.7.1428)
Head of King David, ca. 1145, France, Paris, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, south portal of west facade (Saint Anne Portal), Limestone (38.180)
Henri d'Albret (1503–1555), King of Navarre, Plaque, mid-16th century, Léonard Limosin (French), Made in Limoges, France, Enamel, painted on copper and partly gilded (49.7.108)
Henry Frederick (1594–1612), Prince of Wales, with Sir John Harington (1592–1614) in the Hunting Field, 1603, Robert Peake the Elder (British, ca. 1551–1619), Oil on canvas (44.27)
Henry II Between France and Fame, ca. 1548, Jean Duvet (French), Etching (25.2.93)
Heroes Tapestry, ca. 1400–1410, South Netherlandish, Wool warp, wool wefts (32.130.3b, 47.101.1, 47.152)
Hours of Francis I, 1539–40, Master of François de Rohan (French), Illuminated manuscript on parchment, bound in leather with gilt (2011.353)
Intaglio portrait of a young woman, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Sard (74.51.4236)
Intaglio with a portrait of the empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan, Roman, Beryl (25.78.90)
John I (1468–1532), the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony, 1533, Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder (German), Oil on wood, printed first on paper and then laid down on wood (46.179.2)
John, Duke of Saxony, ca. 1537, Lucas Cranach the Elder (German), Oil on wood (08.19)
Jugate Portraits of Emperor Charles V and King Philip II of Spain (obverse) and Empress Isabella (reverse), 1550, Leone Leoni (Italian), Milan, Onyx (38.150.9)
Julius Caesar and Attendants (from the Nine Heroes Tapestries), ca. 1400–1410, South Netherlandish, Wool warp and wefts (47.101.3)
Kylix: eye-cup (drinking cup), ca. 530 B.C.; black-figure, Greek, Attic, Archaic, Terracotta (09.221.39)
Le Passé–Le Présent–L'Avenir (Past, Present, Future), January 9, 1834, Honoré Daumier (French), Lithograph (41.16.1)
Leaf from a Manuscript of Valerius Maximus, ca. 1380, French, Made in Paris,, Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf (31.134.8)
Louis XIV as Apollo, 1672, Michel Molart (French), Bronze (25.142.61)
Mary of Burgundy, Tyrol(?), 1528, Master H.A. or A.H., Oil on conifer panel (1975.1.137)
The Mass of Saint Basil, 1746, Pierre Hubert Subleyras (French), Oil on canvas (2007.166)
Otto, Count of Nassau, and his Wife Adelheid van Vianden, ca. 1530, Bernaert van Orley (Netherlandish), Pen and brown ink, watercolor over traces of black chalk; on verso, tracing in black chalk of the figures on recto (1995.12)
Philip IV (1605–1665), King of Spain, probably 1624, Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish), Oil on canvas (14.40.639)
Philip VI, Jeanne de Bourgogne, and Jean de France in Prayer, ca. 1340–1350, French, Marble (17.190.387,388,392)
Plaque with Otto I presenting the Cathedral of Magdeburg, 962–968, Ottonian; From the Cathedral of Magdeburg, probably made in Milan, northern Italy, Ivory (41.100.157)
Portrait head of the Emperor Augustus, ca. 14–37; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (07.286.115)
Portrait head of the emperor Constantine I, ca. 324–337; Constantinian; Late Antique period, Roman, Marble (26.229)
Portrait head of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (called Caracalla), ca. 217–230; Late Severan, Roman, Marble (40.11.1a)
Portrait Medals: Empress Maria and Emperor Maximillian II, dated 1575, Monogrammed "AN:AB" for Antonio Abondio (Italian) Silver, uniface (1989.12.2,3)
Portrait of Charles I, ca. 1650–70, English, Silk satin worked with silk and metal thread; split, straight, and satin stitches (39.13.7)
Portrait of Daniel, Archbishop of Mainz, dated 1568, Monogrammed by the Master H.K V.B, South German or Middle-Rhenish, Honestone (17.190.488)
Portrait of Louis XIII, ca. 1632–35, Simon Vouet (French), Black and white chalk with touches of pastel on light brown paper (2012.106)
Portrait of Margaret of Austria, ca. 1490, Jean Hey (Master of Moulins) (Flemish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.130)
Portrait of Rudolph II, 1603, Aegidius Sadeler (Netherlandish), after Hans von Aachen (German), Engraving (51.501.6469)
Portrait of the emperor Antoninus Pius, 138–161; Antonine, Roman, Marble (33.11.3)
Prèparation for a Portrait of Louis XV (1710–1774), Maurice Quentin de La Tour (French), Pastel on blue paper, arched top (2005.66)
Princess Elizabeth (1596–1662), Later Queen of Bohemia, ca. 1606, Robert Peake the Elder (British), Oil on canvas (51.194.1)
Prophet, ca. 1390–1410, French (Bourges or Burgundy) or South Lowlands, Colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1995.301)
Queen Victoria, 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Oil on canvas (14.126.1)
Queen Victoria, 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Oil on canvas (L.1993.45)
Relief Allegory of Virtues and Vices at the Court of Emperor Charles V, dated 1522, Monogrammed "HD" for Hans Daucher (German, Augsburg), Honestone relief, touches of gilding (17.190.745)
Relief fragment, ca. 138–161 A.D., Roman, Stucco (09.221.37)
Relief portrait of the emperor Lucius Verus, ca. 166–170; Antonine, Roman, Marble (13.227.1)
Ring with head of Herakles, late 4th–3rd century B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek, Gold (10.132.1)
Snuffbox, ca. 1764–65, Possibly by Pierre-François-Mathis de Beaulieu (French), French; Paris, Four-color gold, enamel (17.190.1158)
Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350–361), 350–361, Byzantine, Gold (04.35.18)
Solidus of Justinian I (r. 527–565), 538–565, Byzantine; Minted in Constantinople, Gold (99.35.7406)
Stained-Glass Panel, ca. 1245–1248, France, Tours, Ambulatory of the Cathedral of Saint-Gatien, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (37.173.3)
Stater with head of Alexander the Great, 286–281 B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek; Lysimachos, Pella, Gold (52.127.4)
Statue of a member of the imperial family shown in heroic semi-nudity, Early Imperial, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Marble, pigment, gilding (2003.407.9)
Study for an Equestrian Monument to Francesco Sforza, ca. 1482–83, Antonio Pollaiuolo (Italian, Florentine), Pen and brown ink, light and dark brown wash (1975.1.410)
Study for the Head of Julius Caesar, ca. 1520–21, Andrea del Sarto (Italian), Red chalk (2008.367)
Study of Queen Victoria's Neckline (Study for Portrait of Queen Victoria), ca. 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Graphite on paper (L.1994.29.1)
Study of Queen Victoria's Train (Study for Portrait of Queen Victoria), ca. 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Graphite on paper (L.1994.29.3 recto)
Study of the Queen's Robes (Study for Portrait of Queen Victoria), ca. 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Graphite on paper (L.1994.29.2)
Study of the Queen's Robes (Study for Portrait of Queen Victoria), ca. 1838, Thomas Sully (American, born England), Graphite on paper (L.1994.29.4 recto)
Tapestry Fragment With King Arthur (with 32.130.3ab), ca. 1400–1410, South Netherlandish, Wool warp, wool wefts (47.101.4)
Tapestry: Portrait of Napoleon I, 1808–11, After a painting by Baron François-Pascal-Simon Gérard (French); Gobelins Royal Manufactory; Workshop of Michel Henri Cozette (French), High-warp tapestry of wool, silk, and silver-gilt thread (43.99)
Tea and coffee service, 1773, Johan Henrik Blom (Finnish), Russian; Saint Petersburg, Parcel-gilt silver, enamel, ebonized fruitwood (47.51.1–.5)
The Triumph of Aemilius Paulus, 1789, Carle (Antoine Charles Horace) Vernet (French), Oil on canvas (06.144)
The Triumph of Henry IV, sketch, 1627–31, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on wood (42.187)
Two portraits of Trebonianus Gallus, 251–53 A.D., Roman, Bronze (05.30, 05.47)
[Unique Pair of Personal Travel Albums Made by the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna Showing Events in the Daily Life of the Russian Imperial Family], 1917, Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna (Russian, born Denmark), Gelatin silver prints; photomechanical reproductions (1996.438ab)
The Yew Tree Ball (detail), 1745, Charles Nicolas Cochin II (French), Engraving (30.22[34/34])