Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Secular Figure

Figure, Secular

Works of Art (307)

After the Hunt, ca. 1859, Gustave Courbet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.61)
Anna van der Aar (1576/77–after 1626), 1626, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on wood (29.100.9)
April 21, 1978, 1978, Sarah Charlesworth (American), 45 chromogenic prints (2010.554a-ss)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Falconer on Horseback, 13th century, North German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (47.101.55)
Arrangement in Black, No. 3: Sir Henry Irving as Philip II of Spain, 1876; reworked 1885, James McNeill Whistler (American), Oil on canvas (10.86)
Arrangement in Flesh Colour and Black: Portrait of Théodore Duret, 1883, James McNeill Whistler (American), Oil on canvas (13.20)
At the Circus: The Spanish Walk (Au Cirque: Le Pas espagnol), 1899, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Graphite, black and colored crayons, and charcoal (1975.1.731)
At the Seaside, ca. 1892, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (67.187.123)
Auricular Cartouche with Figures within a Strapwork Frame, from Veederley Veranderinghe van grotissen ende Compertimenten. Libro Primo, Johannes van Doetecum the Elder (Netherlandish) and Lucas van Doetecum (Netherlandish), after Cornelis Floris II (Netherlandish), Etching (59.642.32)
Auricular Cartouche with the Painter Hans von Aachen, the Goldsmith Paulus van Vianen, and the Sculptor Adriaen de Vries, ca. 1653, Jacob Lutma (Netherlandish), after Johannes Lutma the Elder (Netherlandish), Etching (69.554.6)
Base of a beaker, Late Imperial, 3rd century A.D., Roman, Glass, gold (28.57.24)
Bashi-Bazouk, 1868–69, Jean-Léon Gérôme (French), Oil on canvas (2008.547.1)
The Bather (model for a fountain), 18th century (ca. 1780) or 19th–early 20th century, By or after Jean Antoine Houdon (French), Probably French, Terracotta (32.100.159)
Bather (statue from a fountain group), 18th century (1782), Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French (Paris), Marble (14.40.673)
Bathers in Brittany, from the Volpini Suite: Dessins lithographiques, 1889, Paul Gauguin (French), Zincograph on chrome yellow wove paper; first edition (22.82.2(9))
Bathers, 1874–75, Paul Cézanne (French), Oil on canvas (1976.201.12)
The Belated Party on Mansfield Mountain, 1858, Jerome B. Thompson (American), Oil on canvas (69.182)
Bell krater, ca. 460 B.C.; Classical; red-figure, Attributed to the Danae Painter, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (23.160.80)
Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), 18th century (1778), Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French (Paris), Marble (72.6)
Bessie Potter, ca. 1895, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (55.118)
The Blind Man's Meal, 1903, Pablo Picasso (Spanish), Oil on canvas (50.188)
Blindman's Buff, 1982–83, Komar and Melamid (Vitaly Komar, Russian; Aleksandr Melamid, Russian), Oil on canvas (1991.466)
Block statue of a governor, Late Period, Dynasty 26 (ca. 664–525 B.C.), Egyptian, Graywacke (1982.318)
Boating, 1874, Édouard Manet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.115)
Boy with a Lute, ca. 1625, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (14.40.604)
Boy with Baseball, ca. 1925, George Luks (American), Oil on canvas (54.10.2)
Boys in a Dory, 1873, Winslow Homer (American), Watercolor washes and gouache over graphite underdrawing on medium rough textured white wove paper (2001.608.1)
The Broncho Buster, 1895; this cast, 1918, Frederic Remington (American), Bronze (1986.81.2)
Bronze statue of a man, Hellenistic period, mid-2nd–1st century B.C., Greek, Bronze (2001.443)
Builders, 1929, James Lesesne Wells (American), Linocut (1999.529.173)
Bust-Length Study of a Bearded Man with Cap in Three-Quarter View, Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo da Ponte) (Italian), Pastel and charcoal on blue paper (1999.164)
By the Seashore, 1883, August Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.125)
Camel: From the Berain Grotesques, ca. 1685–89, Designed by Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer; Woven at the Beauvais manufactory under the direction of Philippe Behagle or his son of the same name in the late 17th or early 18th century, French, Wool and silk (1977.437.1)
Captain John Gell, 1785, Gilbert Stuart (American), Oil on canvas (2000.450)
The Card Players, 1890–92, Paul Cézanne (French), Oil on canvas (61.101.1)
Central Park, Winter, ca. 1905, William James Glackens (American), Oil on canvas (21.164)
Château de Versailles seen from the forecourt, 1682, Israel Silvestre (French), Engraving (30.22[22–64])
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand Périgord (1754-1838) Prince de Bénévent, 1808
Baron François Gérard (French), Oil on canvas (2012.348)
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (1754–1838), Prince de Bénévent, 1817, Pierre Paul Prud'hon (French), Oil on canvas (1994.190)
Childbirth bowl (scodella) with confinement-chamber scene (interior) and Diana and Actaeon (exterior), ca. 1530s, Circle of Francesco Xanto Avelli (Italian), Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (41.49.2)
Childbirth tray (desco da parto) with scenes from Boccaccio's Commedia delle ninfe fiorentine: Ameto's Discovery of the Nymphs and Contest between the Shepherds Alcesto and Acaten, ca. 1410, Master of 1416 (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (26.287.1,2)
Childbirth tray (desco da parto) with the Triumph of Fame (recto) and Medici and Tornabuoni arms and devices (verso), 1448–49, Giovanni di Ser Giovanni Guidi, called Lo Scheggia (Italian, Florentine), Tempera, silver, and gold on panel (1995.7)
Circus Sideshow, 1887–88, Georges Seurat (French), Oil on canvas (61.101.17)
Classical Landscape with Gypsies, 1748, John Wootton (British), Oil on canvas (32.53.2)
Combat at a City Gate, early 16th century, Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian),, Italy (Padua), Bronze (1986.319.30)
Comtesse de La Tour-Maubourg (née Marie-Louise-Charlotte-Gabrielle Thomas de Pange, 1816–1850), 1841, Théodore Chassériau (French), Oil on canvas (2002.291)
The Contest for the Bouquet: The Family of Robert Gordon in Their New York Dining-Room, 1866, Seymour Joseph Guy (American), Oil on canvas (1992.128)
Costumes of Roman Women, Pietro Bertelli (Italian, Paduan), Engravings (62.676.31.2–6)

Cotton Pickers, Georgia, 1928–29, Thomas Hart Benton (American), Tempera and oil on canvas (33.144.2)
Count Giacomo Durazzo (1717–1794) in the Guise of a Huntsman, with His Wife (Ernestine Aloisia Ungnad von Weissenwolff, 1732–1794), probably early 1760s, Martin van Meytens the Younger (Swedish), Oil on canvas (50.50)
Crowd at the Seashore, ca. 1910, William James Glackens (American), Oil on canvas (67.187.126)
The Cup of Tea, ca. 1879, Mary Cassatt (American), Oil on canvas (22.16.17)
The Devil Speaks (Mahna No Varua Ino), from Fragrance (Noa Noa), 1893–94, Paul Gauguin (French), Woodcut printed in color on Japanese paper (36.6.3)
Dish with figure, Edo period, ca. 1620, Japan, Porcelain with underglaze blue (Hizen ware, early Imari type) (1975.268.495)
Dish with scene of Christ at Supper with Simon the Pharisee and with the Arms of Orsini Impaling della Rovere, 1528, Circle of Nicola da Urbino (Italian); lustered in the workshop of Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Gubbio), Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica), with luster (1975.1.1103)
Divan Japonais, 1892–93, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Lithograph printed in four colors on wove paper (58.621.17)
Document box with a scene from the "Butterflies" chapter of The Tale of Genji, Meiji period (1868–1912), early 20th century, Japan, Lacquered wood with gold and silver takamaki-e, hiramaki-e, togidashimaki-e, cut-out gold foil on nashiji and gold ground (1981.243.1a–f)
Double Portrait Presumed to Represent François de Jullienne (1722–1754) and His Wife (Marie Élisabeth de Séré de Rieux, 1724–1795), 1743, Charles Antoine Coypel (French), Pastel on paper (2011.84)
Dovizia, late 15th–early 16th century, Workshop of Giovanni della Robbia (Italian, Florentine), Glazed terracotta (22.16.6)
Dust Storm, Fifth Avenue, 1906, John Sloan (American), Oil on canvas (21.41.2)
Dutch Girl in White, 1907, Robert Henri (American), Oil on canvas (50.47)
Ebenezer Storer Jr.; Mrs. Ebenezer Storer Jr. (Elizabeth Green), ca. 1767, John Singleton Copley (American), Pastel on paper mounted on canvas (2008.249.2,1)
Edward Alexander MacDowell, 1906; this cast, 1907, Helen Farnsworth Mears (American), Bronze (09.147)
Edward Guthrie Kennedy, ca. 1895, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (1973.342)
Edward James in Front of On the Threshold of Liberty, 1937, Réné Magritte (Belgian), Gelatin silver print (1987.1100.157)
The Emperor Aurangzeb Carried on a Palanquin, Mughal period (1526–1858), ca. 1705–20, Bhavanidas (Indian, active ca. 1700–1748), India, Opaque watercolor and gold on paper (2003.430)
Emperor Xuanzong's Flight to Shu, Song dynasty, mid-12th century, China, Hanging scroll, ink, color on silk (41.138)
Epimenes: Scaraboid with Archer Testing an Arrow, ca. 500 B.C., Greek, Chalcedony (31.11.5)
Eugène Murer (Hyacinthe-Eugène Meunier, 1841–1906), 1877, August Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (2003.20.9)
Eurydice, ca. 1510–16, Attributed to Antonio Lombardo (Italian, Venetian), Marble (17.190.737)
Ewer with profile busts of a man and a woman, ca. 1520, Possibly workshop of Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Italian), Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica), with luster (27.97.39)
Faces #10, 1992, Y.Z. Kami (Iranian, born 1956), Oil on canvas (1993.328.1)
Faces #53, 1993, Y.Z. Kami (Iranian, born 1956), Oil on canvas (1993.328.2)
Female bust, second quarter of 18th century, French, Gilt bronze (07.225.510.118)
Female Dancer, Western Han dynasty (206 B.C.–9 A.D.), 2nd century B.C., China, Earthenware with slip and pigments (1992.165.19)
Figure of a woman, mid-5th century B.C., Greek, Terracotta (06.1151)
Figure Pendant, 1st–5th century, Costa Rica, Guanacaste-Nicoya, Jadeite (2011.364)
Figure: Mother and Child, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Kongo peoples, Yombe group, Wood, glass, metal, pigment (1979.206.29)
Figures with Xylophone, 16th–20th century, Mali; Dogon, Wood, metal (1979.206.131)
Figurine: Three Males, 18th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo, Loango Region, Kongo peoples, Ivory (1978.412.348)
For the Little One, ca. 1896, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (13.90)
Francesco Sassetti and His Son Teodoro, ca. 1488, Domenico Ghirlandaio (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (49.7.7)
The Freedman, 1863; this cast, 1891, John Quincy Adams Ward (American), Bronze (1979.394)
Frog Fountain, 1901; this cast, by 1906, Janet Scudder (American), Bronze (06.967)
Funeral Procession in an Initial R, second half of 15th century, Leaf from a gradual, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (96.32.16)
Funerary altar of Cominia Tyche, Flavian or Trajanic, ca. 90–100 A.D., Roman, Marble (38.27)
Garden at Sainte-Adresse, 1867, Claude Monet (French), Oil on canvas (67.241)
Gathering of Government-Officials, ca. 1551, Korea, Hanging scroll; ink and light color on silk (2008.55)
George Washington, 1780, Charles Willson Peale (American), Oil on canvas (97.33)
George Washington, 1827–28, this version, ca. 1832, Horatio Greenough (American), Marble (84.8.2)
George Washington, ca. 1782, James Peale (American, 1749–1831), Oil on canvas; 36 x 27 in. (91.4 x 68.6 cm), Bequest of William H. Huntington, 1885 (85.1)
George Washington, ca. 1790, Charles Peale Polk (American), Oil on canvas (24.109.81)
George Washington, ca. 1795–96, Gilbert Stuart (American), Oil on canvas (07.160)
George Washington, ca. 1846, Rembrandt Peale (American), Oil on canvas (24.109.86)
Girl Braiding Her Hair, 1600–1610, Barthélemy Prieur (French), Bronze with red-brown lacquer patina (1982.60.126)
Girl Dancing, 1897; this cast, ca. 1906, Bessie Potter Vonnoh (American), Bronze (06.305)
Girl Skating, 1906, Abestenia Saint Leger Eberle (American), Bronze (09.57)
A Goldsmith in His Shop, Possibly Saint Eligius, 1449, Petrus Christus (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1975.1.110)
Grand piano, ca. 1840, Érard & Co., London, Wood, various materials (59.76)
The Grasshoppers and the Ants: A Souvenir of Martinique, from the Volpini Suite: Dessins lithographiques, 1889, Paul Gauguin (French), Zincograph on chrome yellow wove paper; first edition (22.82.2(4))
Grotesque Head: Man in Profile to Right, Copy after Leonardo da Vinci (Italian), Italian, Pen and brown ink, on beige paper (17.142.3)
Grotesque, 2nd century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Hellenistic, Greek, Bronze, (12.229.6)
Grotesques, before 1693, Jean Berain (French), Engraving (21.36.141)
Group of Draped Figures, Antonello da Messina(?) (Antonello di Giovanni d'Antonio) (Italian, Sicilian), Tip of the brush (or fine pen?) and brown ink (1975.1.265)
Guidobaldo II della Rovere, Duke of Urbino, ca. 1580, Italy, Oil on copper, frame of gilded copper (2009.224)
Hampstead Heath with Bathers, ca. 1821–22, John Constable (English), Oil on canvas (2009.400.26)
Head from the figure of a woman, ca. 2700–2500 B.C.; Early Cycladic I–II, Cycladic; Keros-Syros culture, Marble (64.246)
Head of a Bearded Man, 1355–80, Bohemian (Prague), Pen and ink, brush and gray black and brown ink, traces of white heightening, on white laid paper (2003.29)
Head of a Grotesque, ca. 1200–1220, France, Champagne, Châlons-sur-Marne, Church of Notre-Dame-en-Vaux (?), Limestone (13.152.2)
Head of a Woman, ca. 1405–10, Bohemia, Watercolor on parchment laid down on secondary support (2010.119)
Henry, Seventh Avenue, 1972, David Hockney (British), Colored crayon on paper (1979.546)
Hiawatha's Friends, 1889, Frederic Remington (American), Oil on canvas (62.241.3)
Hours of Francis I, 1539–40, Master of François de Rohan (French), Illuminated manuscript on parchment, bound in leather with gilt (2011.353)
A Hypocrite and a Slanderer, ca. 1770–83, Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (German), Tin alloy (2010.24)
Ichikawa Danjūrō VII as Benkei in the Fudō Myōō Pose (Fudō no mie), Edo period, ca. 1824, Utagawa Kunisada (Japanese); poems by Bunshirō Koimasu and Bunsaisha Fudemaru, Polychrome woodblock print (surimono); ink and color on paper, Signed: Ōjū Kunisada ga (JP1251)
"The Indian Princess," ca. 1740–60, Unknown artist (American) Boston, Massachusetts, Linen embroidered with wool and silk thread (53.179.13)
Inrô: Figures in a landscaped garden, 18th century, Japanese, Red lacquer (10.211.2081)
The Interior of an Atelier of a Woman Painter, Marie Victoire Lemoine (French), Oil on canvas (57.103)
Interior with Figures, 1663–65, Pieter de Hooch (Dutch), Oil on canvas (1975.1.144)
Island of the Dead, 1880, Arnold Böcklin (Swiss), Oil on wood (26.90)
Italian Landscape with an Old Woman Holding a Spindle (after Domenico Campagnola), ca. 1715, Jean Antoine Watteau (French), Red chalk (1972.118.237)
J. Pierpont Morgan, Esq., 1903, printed 1909–10, Edward J. Steichen (American, born Luxembourg), Gum bichromate over platinum print (49.55.167)
James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 1885, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (18.22.2)
Jan Lutma, 1656, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching and drypoint printed on Japan paper; first state of three (20.46.18)
Jean Charles Garnier d'Isle (1697–1755), Maurice Quentin de La Tour (French), Pastel and gouache on paper, laid down on canvas (2002.439)
Jo, La Belle Irlandaise, 1865–66, Gustave Courbet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.63)
Joe's Farewell, 1872–73, Daniel Chester French (American), Parian porcelain (57.147)
John La Farge, 1908, Edith Woodman Burroughs (American), Bronze (10.199)
Julia Jackson, 1867, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (1996.99.2)
Just Moved, 1870, Henry Mosler (American), Oil on canvas (62.80)
Kindred Spirits, 1849, Asher B. Durand (1796–1886), Oil on canvas (L.2008.21)
Kylix: eye-cup (drinking cup), ca. 530 B.C.; black-figure, Greek, Attic, Archaic, Terracotta (09.221.39)
Lady in Gray, ca. 1883, James McNeill Whistler (American), Watercolor and gouache on dark brown wove paper (06.312)
Lady Su Hui and Her Verse Puzzle, Ming dynasty, 16th century, China, Handscroll; ink and color on silk (33.167)
Lin McLean, 1898, Author: Owen Wister (American), Illustrator: Frederic Remington (American), Photogravure (66.734)
London Music Hall, 1918, Everett Shinn (American), Oil on canvas (21.39)
Louise Brongniart (1772–1845), 18th century (after a model of 1777), After Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French (Paris), Marble (14.40.670)
Low-footed bowl with bust of a woman, ca. 1530, Urbino or Castel Durante, Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (1975.1.1084)
Luman Reed, 1835, Asher B. Durand (American), Oil on canvas (63.36)
Lunar-Shaped Ring Bezel and Grotesque Figures, ca. 1620–30, Noël Rouillard (French), Blackwork and engraving (42.40.1[1])
Madame Auguste Cuoq (Mathilde Desportes, 1827–1910), ca. 1852–57, Gustave Courbet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.130)
Madame Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, later Princesse de Bénévent (née Noël-Catherine Verlée, 1761–1835), ca. 1808, François Gérard, called Baron Gérard (French), Oil on canvas (2002.31)
Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883–84, John Singer Sargent (American), Oil on canvas (16.53)
A Maid Asleep, ca. 1656–57, Johannes Vermeer (Dutch), Oil on canvas (14.40.611)
Man Holding a Jug, ca. 1660, Michiel Sweerts (Flemish), Oil on canvas (2001.613)
Man Weighing Gold, 1515–20, Adriaen Isenbrant (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.36)
Marguerite-Thérèse (Margot) Bérard (1874–1956), 1879, August Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (61.101.15)
Mask of Anna Pavlova, 1924, Malvina Cornell Hoffman (American), Wax, tinted (35.107)
The Masquerade Dress, 1911, Robert Henri (American), Oil on canvas (58.157)
Mechti Kuli Beg, Persian Ambassador to Prague, 1605, Aegidius Sadeler (Dutch), Netherlandish, Engraving (49.95.2202)
Medallion with Portrait of Gennadios, 250–300, Roman, probably Alexandria, Gold glass; Diam. 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm) (26.258)
Medallion, mid-Imperial, late 2nd–early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Terracotta; Rhône valley ware (17.194.2125)
A Mercenary Holding the Banner of the Canton Glarus, 1521, Urs Graf (Swiss), Pen and brown ink (2003.323)
Mercury in a Decorative Frame with Grotesques, ca. 1600–1630, After Adriaen Collaert (Netherlandish, ca. 1560–1618), Blackwork and engraving (23.101.4)
Merengue en Boca Chica, 1983, Rafael Ferrer (American, born Puerto Rico), Oil on canvas (1984.2)
The Middleton Cousins, early 1750s, Mary Roberts (English, active United States), Watercolor on ivory (2007.61–.65)
The Milkmaid, 1510, Lucas van Leyden (Dutch), Engraving (41.1.24)
The Milliner, 1877, August Renoir (French), Pastel on paper (1974.356.34)
Minerva and the Muses, mid-16th century, Emilian (?) school, Etching and drypoint (27.78.2[99])
Mirror support in the form of a nude girl, ca. 540–530 B.C., Greek, Laconian, Bronze (74.51.5680)
Miss Loïe Fuller, 1893, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Lithograph printed in five colors on vellum (1970.534)
Morion, ca. 1560–65, Germany (Brunswick), Etched steel (1999.62)
Morphine Addicts, 1887, Paul-Albert Besnard (French), Etching (67.793.15)
The Mountain Ford, 1846, Thomas Cole (American), Oil on canvas (15.30.63)
The Mountain Nymph, Sweet Liberty, 1866, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (41.21.15)
Mr. and Mrs. I. N. Phelps Stokes, 1897, John Singer Sargent (American), Oil on canvas (38.104)
Mrs. Chase in Prospect Park, 1886, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on panel (63.138.2)
Mrs. Robert Shurlock (Henrietta Ann Jane Russell, 1775–1849) and Her Daughter Ann, 1801, John Russell (English), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (67.132)
Mrs. William Man Godschall (Sarah Godschall, 1730–1795), 1791, John Russell (English), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (61.182.2)
The Music Lesson, 1870, John George Brown (American, born England), Oil on canvas (21.115.3)
A Musical Party, 1659, Gabriël Metsu (Dutch), Oil on canvas (91.26.11)
The Natchez, 1835, Eugène Delacroix (French), Oil on canvas (1989.328)
Needlework picture (probably a chair back), ca. 1755–65, Mehitable Starkey (American), Probably Boston, Massachusetts, Wool yarn and silk threads on linen (2003.480)
Neptune from the "Doria Grotesques", designed 1545, woven ca. 1550, Designed by Perino del Vaga (Italian), Wool and silk (2011.14)
Netsuke: Foreigner carrying a cock, 19th century, Japanese, Ivory (10.211.1444)
Netsuke: Ox with boy playing flute, 19th century, Japanese, Wood, ivory, metal (10.211.780)
The New Bonnet, 1858, Francis William Edmonds (American), Oil on canvas (1975.27.1)
Nicolo Paganini, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French), Counterproof strengthened with graphite and white chalk on paper (43.85.10)
The Nurse, from a model of ca. 1607–8, Probably designed by Guillaume Dupré (French), Lead-glazed earthenware (1974.356.303)
The Old Dragoons of 1850, 1905; this cast, 1907, Frederic Remington (American), Bronze (07.77)
The Old Duchess, 1905, George Luks (American), Oil on canvas (21.41.1)
Old Women of Arles, from the Volpini Suite: Dessins lithographiques, 1889, Paul Gauguin (French), Zincograph on chrome yellow wove paper; first edition (22.82.2(10))
Olivier Journu (1724–1764), 1756, Jean-Baptiste Perronneau (French), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (2003.26)
On the Beach, Sunset, 1865, Eugène Boudin (French), Oil on wood (2003.20.2)
Orpheus and Eurydice, ca. 1505–6, Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian), Engraving (56.581.12)
Painter's palette inscribed with the name of Amenhotep III, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1353 B.C., Egyptian; probably from Upper Egypt, Thebes, Ivory, pigment (26.7.1294)
Pair of Nude Male Figures, Demonstrating the Principles of Contrapposto According to Michelangelo and Phidias, ca. 1911, Auguste Rodin (French), Terracotta (1987.179.1,.2)
Palace Banquet, Five Dynasties (907–60) or Northern Song (960–1127) dynasty, 10th–11th centuries, China, Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk, (2010.473)
Panel with musical party in a garden, 1647, English, Canvas worked with silk thread; tent stitch (64.101.1314)
Partial coffee service ("Déjeuner Culture et Récolte du Cacao"), 1836, Sèvres Manufactory (French); Decorated by Jean-Charles Develly (French), Hard-paste porcelain (1986.281.1ab–4)
Paulus Verschuur (1606–1667), 1643, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (26.101.11)
Pendant with facing couple (obverse) and sacred monogram (reverse), 15th century, Italy, Silver gilt, niello (17.190.965)
Penitence of Saint Jerome, triptych, ca. 1518, Joachim Patinir (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (36.14a–c)
Petrus Scriverius (1576–1660), 1626, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on wood (29.100.8)
Pilgrim at the Gate, 1827, Karl Blechen (German), Lithograph, second state of two (2007.225)
The Pink Dress (Albertie-Marguerite Carré, later Madame Ferdinand-Henri Himmes, 1854–1935), ca. 1870, Berthe Morisot (French), Oil on canvas (2003.20.8)
Plaque with Otto I presenting the Cathedral of Magdeburg, 962–968, Ottonian; From the Cathedral of Magdeburg, probably made in Milan, northern Italy, Ivory (41.100.157)
Plate from the erotic book Mounds of Dyed Colors: A Pattern Book for the Boudoir (Someiro no yama neya no hinagata): First Month, Edo period (1615–1868), ca. 1736–44, Okumura Masanobu (Japanese), Hand-colored woodblock illustration; ink and color on paper (JP1499)
Plate with design of ladies with parasol, Edo period, ca. 1736, Japan, Design attributed to Cornelis Pronk (Dutch, 1691–1759)
Porcelain with underglaze blue decoration (Arita ware) (2002.447.123)
Plate with the Death of the Woman of Sestos, 1532, Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo (Italian), Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (32.100.378)
Plate, Archaic, ca. 510 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to Paseas, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (2010.64)
Plate, ca. 520–510 B.C.; red-figure, Greek, Attic, Signed by Epiktetos as painter, Terracotta (1981.11.10)
Plate, Edo period, 1760, Japan, Hizen Province, Arita kiln, Porcelain decorated with the figure of Ononokomachi in blue and brilliant enamels (Arita ware, Imari type) (23.225.144)
Pleasure, ca. 1754, Anton Raphael Mengs (German), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (2005.231)
Portion of a Pilaster Capital with an Acrobat, ca. 1150–1170, French; From the Abbey of Saint-Martin-de-Savigny (now destroyed), near Lyon, Limestone (47.101.25)
Portrait of a Bearded Man with a Ruff, 1625, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (49.7.34)
Portrait of a Man, ca. 1520–25, Jan Gossart (called Mabuse) (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.62)
Portrait of a Man, ca. 1630, Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish), Oil on canvas; 27 x 21 3/4 in. (68.6 x 55.2 cm), The Jules Bache Collection, 1949 (49.7.42)
Portrait of a Man, early 1650s, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (91.26.9)
Portrait of a Man, possibly Matteo di Sebastiano di Bernardino Gozzadini; and Portrait of a Woman, possibly Ginevra d'Antonio Lupari Gozzadini, ca. 1485–90, Attributed to the Maestro delle Storie del Pane, Tempera on panel (1975.1.95, 96)
Portrait of a Man, possibly Nicolaes Pietersz Duyst van Voorhout (ca. 1600–1650), ca. 1636–38, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (49.7.33)
Portrait of a Woman, ca. 1520, Quentin Metsys (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.47)
Portrait of a Woman, ca. 1650, reworked probably 18th century, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on canvas (91.26.10)
Portrait of a Young Man, ca. 1470, Antonello da Messina (Antonello di Giovanni d'Antonio) (Italian, Sicilian), Oil on wood (14.40.645)
Portrait of Adam van Vianen, Theodor van Kessel (Dutch), after Johan Smith, Etching (27.23.48)
Portrait of Alvise Contarini (recto) and a tethered roebuck (verso); portrait of a woman (recto) and scene in grisaille (verso), ca. 1485–95, Jacometto (Jacometto Veneziano) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on panel (1975.1.85, 86)
Portrait of Amelia Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel, 1642, Ludwig von Siegen (German), Mezzotint (18.47)
Portrait of an Artist, ca. 1786, Gilbert Stuart (American), Oil on canvas (26.16)
Portrait of Charles Meryon, in profile, 1854, Félix Bracquemond (French), Etching on thin wove paper; second of three states (17.78.60)
Portrait of Charlotte Duchesne, ca. 1628–30, Philippe de Champaigne (French), Black chalk, heightened with white chalk, touches of red chalk (1994.7)
Portrait of Louis XIII, ca. 1632–35, Simon Vouet (French), Black and white chalk with touches of pastel on light brown paper (2012.106)
Portrait of Meryon, 1853, Félix Bracquemond (French), Etching on laid paper; first state (40.63.13)
Portrait of Pietro Aretino (probably after a design by Sebastiano del Piombo), ca. 1517–20 or 1524–25, Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian), Engraving (17.50.40)
Prisoner Jar, Peru; Moche, Ceramic (1983.546.6)
Reclining Nude, 1883, August Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (2003.20.12)
Relief fragment with gladiators, Imperial, 1st–3rd century A.D., Roman; recorded ca. 1880 in the Vigna Aquari in Rome, Marble (57.11.7)
Relief fragment, ca. 138–161 A.D., Roman, Stucco (09.221.37)
Roland, ca. 1902, William Merritt Chase (American), Oil on canvas (37.20.1)
A Rose, 1907, Thomas P. Anshutz (American), Oil on canvas (1993.324)
Roundel with mock Triumph of Love, ca. 1510–20, Perhaps Castel Durante or elsewhere in the Marches, Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (1975.1.1025)
Royal Barge at Its Mooring, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egyptian; from Middle Egypt, probably el-Amarna, possibly Hermopolis, Limestone, paint (1985.328.15)
Safavid Courtiers Leading Georgian Captives, mid 16th century; Safavid, Iran, Silk and metal wrapped thread; lampas (52.20.12)
The Saithwaite Family, ca. 1785, Francis Wheatley (British), Oil on canvas (2009.357)
Sampler, 1656, Anna Buckett, English, Linen worked with silk threads; long-and-short, split, stem, back, tent, cross, and satin stitches (64.101.1327)
Sappho, 1866, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (1997.382.39)
The Savage, 1908; this cast, ca. 1916, Frederic Remington (American), Bronze (39.65.51a, b)
Scene from "The Ivy" (Yadogiri): Chapter 49 of The Tale of Genji, Edo period (1615–1868), early 17th century; Studio of Tawaraya Sotatsu (Japanese), Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on paper (2006.570)
Seated figure bottle, 2nd–5th century, Peru; Moche, Ceramic (82.1.30)
Seated Man Reading, ca. 1773–74, Jean Honoré Fragonard (French), Red chalk (1978.516.1)
Seated Peasant, ca. 1892–96, Paul Cézanne (French), Oil on canvas (1997.60.2)
Seated woman playing a kithara: From Room H of the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican, Roman, Wall painting; Fresco (03.14.5)
Seated Woman, 1716–17, Jean Antoine Watteau (French), Black, red, and white chalk (1975.1.763)
Self-Portrait, 1558, Simon Bening (Netherlandish), Tempera on parchment (1975.1.2487)
Self-Portrait, 1899, Edward J. Steichen (American, born Luxembourg), Platinum print (33.43.1)
Shop Girls, ca. 1900, William James Glackens (American), Pastel and watercolor on illustration board (23.230.1)
The Siesta, ca. 1892–94, Paul Gauguin (French), Oil on canvas (1993.400.3)
Sir James Dashwood, 1737, Enoch Seeman the Younger (German, born Poland), Oil on canvas (56.190)
Sir John Herschel, 1867, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (L.1997.84.6)
The Skeletons: From the Grotteschi, ca. 1748, Giovanni Battista Piranesi (Italian), Etching with engraving, drypoint, and burnishing, second state (
Slavonic Dancer, 1921, Harriet Whitney Frishmuth (American), Bronze (23.106.3)
The Smoker, ca. 1625, Frans Hals (Dutch), Oil on wood (89.15.34)
The Sofa, ca. 1894–96, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Oil on cardboard (51.33.2)
The Spanish Gypsy, 1912, Robert Henri (American), Oil on canvas (14.80)
Square Design in Silhouette Style with Schweifwerk and Grotesque Figures, 1617, Esaias von Hulsen (Dutch), Made in Stuttgart, Germany, Blackwork (32.123.11)
Standing attendant, Tang dynasty, 7th century, China, Earthenware with slip and pigment (2002.501)
Standing court lady, Tang dynasty, mid-7th century, China, Earthenware with pigment (1978.345)
Standing female attendant, Tang dynasty, late 7th–early 8th century, China, Wood with pigment (1997.442.7.2)
Standing figure, Edo period, late 17th century, Japan, Porcelain with underglaze blue decoration (Hizen ware, Kakiemon type) (1975.268.528)
Standing male figurine holding a quadruped, ca. 750–600 B.C., Cypriot, Terracotta (74.51.1613)

Standing warrior (?), ca. 750–600 B.C., Cypriot, Terracotta (74.51.1614)

Standing warrior with a shield, ca. 750–600 B.C., Cypriot, Terracotta (74.51.1655)

Standing male figurine playing a double flute, ca. 750–600 B.C., Cypriot, Terracotta (74.51.1691)

Standing male figurine, ca. 750–600 B.C., Cypriot, Terracotta (74.51.1692)
Statue of an old market woman, Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian, 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble (09.39)
The Streetwalker, ca. 1890–91, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Oil on cardboard (2003.20.13)
Studies of Ten (?) Heads and Two Ears; Studies of Three Figures and a Head, ca. 1495–98, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Metalpoint on prepared paper, black chalk (verso) (2008.368a, b)
Study for the Head of the Melvin Memorial, 1907; this cast, before 1914, Daniel Chester French (American), Bronze (1974.324)
Study of a Woman's Head and Hands, ca. 1717, Antoine Watteau (French), Red and white chalk and graphite on off-white laid paper (2012.150.1)
Study of the Belvedere Torso, ca. 1601–2, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Red chalk (2002.12b)
Sueño No. 44: La Acusada (Dream No. 44: The Accused), 1948, Grete Stern (Argentinian, born Germany), Gelatin silver print (2012.11)
Table cover with story of Gombaut and Macée, ca. 1600, French, Wool and silk on canvas (54.7.1)
Tapestry with immortal holding a peach, Ming dynasty (1368–1644), China, Silk tapestry (kesi) (26.114.4)
Textile depicting a courtier in a landscape, 16th century, Safavid, Iran, Silk; lampas (08.109.3)
The Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862–64, Honoré Daumier (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.129)
Three Standing Figures (recto); Seated Woman and a Male Hermit in Half-Length (verso), ca. 1430–38, Stefano da Verona (Stefano di Giovanni) (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush with touches of brown wash, over traces of charcoal or black chalk (1996.364a,b)
Tile frieze, Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), second half of 13th century, Iran, Kashan, stonepaste, molded, in-glaze painted in blue and turquoise, luster painted on an opaque white glaze (10.9.1)
Tilla Durieux (Ottilie Godeffroy, 1880–1971), 1914, August Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (61.101.13)
Title Page for the Suite Elles, 1896, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Lithograph printed in three colors on wove paper (1984.1203.166[2])
Title page from the "French Set" (Douze eaux-fortes d'après nature), 1858, James McNeill Whistler (American, 1834–1903), Etching; only state (Glasgow); black ink on tan chine on off-white wove paper (chine-collé) (1970.121.69)
Tommies Bathing, 1918, John Singer Sargent (American), Watercolor and graphite on white wove paper (50.130.48)
Two Men Contemplating the Moon, ca. 1825–30, Caspar David Friedrich (German), Oil on canvas (2000.51)
Two Sisters, 1770, Jean Claude Richard, Abbé de Saint-Non (French), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (1977.383)
The Two Sisters, Jean Honoré Fragonard (French), Oil on canvas (53.61.5)
Vase with immortals bearing the character for longevity (shou), Ming dynasty, Wanli period (1573–1620), China, Porcelain painted in underglaze blue (16.61)
Vase with immortals offering the peaches of longevity, Qing dynasty, Kangxi period (1662–1722), China, Porcelain painted with overglaze enamels (14.40.331)
Vertical Panel with a Man and Woman, ca. 1631, Hans Janssen (Dutch), Blackwork and engraving (47.108.11[2])
Vessel with Women and Goats, ca. 1887–89, Paul Gauguin (French), Stoneware (2013.471)
The Visit to the Nursery, 1661, Gabriël Metsu (Dutch), Oil on canvas (17.190.20)
Vivien and Merlin, 1874, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative, Published in Alfred Tennyson's Idylls of the King, and Other Poems, 1874 (52.524.3.5)
A Waitress at Duval's Restaurant, ca. 1875, Auguste Renoir (French), Oil on canvas (61.101.14)
Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851, Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (German, active United States), Oil on canvas (97.34)
Washington Reviewing the Western Army, at Fort Cumberland, Maryland, after 1795, Attributed to Frederick Kemmelmeyer (German), Oil on canvas (63.201.2)
The Watering Place, 1906, Pablo Picasso (Spanish), Drypoint, before steel facing (1984.1203.110)
William Man Godschall (1720–1802), 1791, John Russell (English), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (61.182.1)
Woman Bathing, 1890–91, Mary Cassatt (American), Drypoint and aquatint (16.2.2)
Woman before a Mirror, 1897, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French), Oil on cardboard (2003.20.15)
Woman in Green, 1901, Pablo Picasso (Spanish), Pastel on paper (61.85)
The Woman in the Waves, 1868, Gustave Courbet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.62)
Woman Seated in an Armchair Wiping Her Left Armpit, cast in 1920 from a sculpture made of wax, cork, and wood probably ca. 1895, Edgar Degas (French),Bronze, number 43/A (29.100.415)
Woman Seen from the Back, ca. 1862, Onésipe Aguado (French), Salted paper print from glass negative (2005.100.1)
Woman Stretching, cast in 1920 from a wax sculpture modeled probably ca. 1885 or earlier, Edgar Degas (French), Bronze, number 53/A (29.100.393)
Woman Watering a Plant, ca. 1784, Jean Jacques Lagrenée (French), Etching and aquatint, printed in brown and orange inks (1999.2[13])
Women Bathing by Moonlight: Folio from the Davis Album, 18th century, India, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (
The Wyndham Sisters: Lady Elcho, Mrs. Adeane, and Mrs. Tennant, 1899, John Singer Sargent (American), Oil on canvas (27.67)
Young Husband: First Marketing, 1854, Lilly Martin Spencer (American), Oil on canvas, Private collection, Promised Gift to The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Young Woman Knitting, ca. 1883, Berthe Morisot (French), Oil on canvas (67.187.89)
Young Woman with a Water Pitcher, ca. 1662, Johannes Vermeer (Dutch), Oil on canvas (89.15.21)
Young Woman with Ibis, 1860–62, Edgar Degas (French), Oil on canvas (2008.277)
Zhenwu, Lord of the Northern Palace, Qing dynasty, Kangxi period, early 18th century, China, Porcelain with clear glaze (Dehua ware [blanc de Chine], Fujian Province) (79.2.481)
Zoe, Maid of Athens, 1866?, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (1997.382.38)

Thematic Essays (96)